History Quiz / Mass Society ch. 24

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Can you name the Mass Society - Chapter 24?

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Berlin physicist who rejected the belief that a heated body radiates energy in a steady stream; is instead radiated discontinuously in irregular pockets
Explains vast energies contained within atoms, helped lead to the atomic age
Believed Christianity had obliterated human impulse for life, and that it crushed human will, submitting them to pity and depression.
Reality couldn't be divided into analyzable parts, it could only be grasped intuitively and experienced directly.
Series of theories that undermined optimism about rational nature of the human mind, and that human behavior is strongly determined by the unconscious.
Freud's intricate theory of the inner life of humans, causing a constant inner battle between these.
Application of Darwin's principle to social order; believed that societies were organisms that evolved through time from a struggle with their environment.
Propagandist for German volkish thought, believed that modern-day Germans were only pure successors of the 'Aryans'
Presented a radically different picture of Jesus, saw him not as the Son of God, but as a human being whose value lie in the example he provided by his life and teaching.
Believed that it is error to believe and agree with progress, liberalism, and modern civilization.
Upheld an individual's right to private property, but criticized 'naked' capitalism for poverty and degradation in which it had left the working class.
French novelists, author of 'Rougon-Macquart' and author of 'War and Peace'
Reacted against Realism, primarily interested in writing poetry, believed that objective knowledge of word was impossible and that the external world wasn't real.
Preamble to modern painting, originated in France in 1870s
Famous Impressionist painters
New movement in France in the 1880s, with an emphasis on light and color, with more attention to structure and form
Post-Impressionists; 'Woman with a Coffee Pot' and 'Starry Night'
Produced first Kodak camera for mass market in 1888
One of the most important figures in modern art; movement that used geometric designs as visual stimuli to recreate reality in the viewer's mind
Russian, one of the founders of abstract painting, 'Square with White Border'; movement where artists focused on color to avoid any references to visual reality.
Ballet composition with sharp dissonances and pulsating rhythms; overwhelmed Paris audience and caused a riot at the first concert.
Favored radical approach, founded Women's Social and Political Union in 1903, used unusual publicity stunts to call attention to its demands
Renounced traditional feminine roles, many sought new freedom outside household
Good example of the 'new woman'; attended medical school in Rome and became the first Italian woman to receive a medical degree in 1896
Key figure in growth of 'The Jewish State'; international movement that called for the establishment of a Jewish state or a refuge for Jews in Palestine
Movement emerged for laborers, stressed need for workers to use right to vote to capture House of Commons and pass legislation to benefit the working class
Advanced policy of reform, had been deeply moved by misery of Welsh Coal miners, increased tax burden on upper class to pay for series of social reforms
Where old political groups transformed into new gov't coalitions by political and economic bribery
Jew, found guilty but actually innocent, military captain in France
Stressed strong, German nationalism, advocated imperialism as a tool to overcome social divisions and unite all classes, Anti-Semitist
Japan made surprise attack in 1904, Russia sent Baltic fleet halfway around world, defeated by new Japanese navy
Russian workers in procession to Winter Palace in St. Petersburg to present petition of grievances to tsar, troops open fired
Served as tsar's chief adviser from late 1906-1911 (assassinated); opened door to private ownership
The revival of imperialism after 1880 in which European nations established colonies throughout much of Asia and Africa
Moral responsibility to civilize ignorant peoples
Founded gold and diamond companies, goal was to create a series of Britain colonies all linked by railroad. Imperialist ambitions led to his downfall in 1896
Boers overwhelmed by larger Britain army
Opened by France in 1869, Britain took an active interest believing that it was their lifeline to India
Britain obtained it in 1842 through war, they got trading rights in a number of Chinese cities
Urged by US Secretary of State, where one country wouldn't restrict commerce of the other countries in its sphere of influence
Leader of US naval forces, forced Japanese to grant US trading and diplomatic privileges
'Boxers' aimed to push foreigners out of China; murdered white peoples and Chinese who had converted to Christianity
New leaders who controlled the emperor now inaugurated a remarkable transformation of Japan

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Created May 31, 2015ReportNominate
Tags:chapter, mass, society

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