Science Quiz / TBI and Preterm Birth Studies

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Can you name the TBI and Preterm Birth Studies?

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DescriptionResearcher/TheoryDate
33 children with moderate TBI and AAI of six years old. Tested at 12, injury did not predict cognitive performance.2000
164 children with focal brain damage. AAI = congenital-2010
Those born very preterm were 2-3x increased risk of developing ADHD, extremely preterm were 4x more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD.2010
18 embryonic days = functional recovery, 1-6 postnatal days = bad functional outcome/ 7-12 postnatal days = functional recovery. 120 postnatal days = partial recovery.2002
Meta-analysis of deficits in executive functions. Sel. attention - 26 - decreases after prechool. 2009
Early damage hinders the acquisition of later skills and produces bad long-term outcomes.1940
Children born preterm evaluated at 8 and 12. 2-3% increase in total brain volume, white matter increases greater than gray matter. Increases in cerebral WM sig less in preterm than2009
7 year old boy with small injury to PF lobe when 3 years old. Disrupted the acquisition of executive and emotional controls over course of three years.1992
Children should benefit from neuroplasticity and have better compensation and long-term outcomes. Earlier injury = better.1936
54 children with TBI and AAI of 4 years old. Average age at testing = 10 years old. Larger damage = worse performance on attention and planning tasks. No effect of AAI or location 2007
38 children with focal frontal damage. AAI = prenatal-10yrs old. Poor performance across all executive tasks in prenatal lesions. ToL task difficulties in 0-3 years old injury, 4-62007
Boy with vascular malformation that was removed, damaging the R inferior dorsolateral PFC. AAI was 3 days old. Elevated levels of joy with strangers, more angry when confined, lack2007

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