Science Quiz / Psychology of Confessions

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QUIZ: Can you name the studies on the Psychology of Confessions?

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11 year old victim, 2 boys (7 and 8 years old) independently falsely confessed to facts that matched the crime scene.
People false confess for a satisfactory cathartic effect ot occur. One has to confess to authority.1975
People have an unconscious compulsion to confess to overcome feelings of guilt and remorse, an attempt at reconciliation by the super-ego to settle quarrel between the ego and the 1959
People with special needs exhibit a high need for approval and a tendency to say 'yes' and are highly influenced by leading questions.1992
Investigator response bias - those trained in the 'Reid technique' were less accurate than those who weren't, however werer more confident and cited more reasons. (Sample were stud1999
Meta analysis examining the performance of real investigators. Found that they tended to more regularly judge targets as guilty and produced more chance-level accutacy with more co2002
Birmingham bombings - 6 Irishmen who all confessed remained in prison until 1991 when new evidence found that they were innocent.2004
Matricide - told he'd fail lie detector test - 'well, it really looks like I did it'
Patients felt better after purgin the mind of material buried beneath consciousness.
Interrogation is designed to undo denial. People will confess when the perceived consequences are more desirable than the anxiety associated with deception.1986
Case of the central park jogger - 5 false confessions.2002
Neutral technique which aims to gather information. Main purpose is to determine whether the subject is innocent or guilty. Judgement is based on hunches. Can lead to error (Tom Sa
Icelandic prison inmates - 12% had made a false confession at some point to escape from pressure, protect someone else or avoid detention.1996
Types of FC - voluntary, conpliant, and internalised.1985
Alledged false confessors (N=62) were more anxious, compliant and personality-disordered but did not differ on intelligence and memory.1996
Suspect becomes engaged in a taxing decision-making process. Suspects are influences by threats and manipulations, which affect their subjective assessments.1980
Sister stabbed - shown false evidence and persuaded that he had MPD, confessed.
Child witnesses are more compliant and suggestible than adlut witnesses.1999
Personality as a risk factor - eagerness to please and protect self-esteem and avoid confrontation. 1989
Videos of pleas from families for a missing member. They were actually guilty, yet police officers failed to identify the deception.2001
125 cases of proven false confession. 93% men, 91% were murder cases. 22% had MR.2004
Women who had an abortion - those who talked about it had less intrusive thoughts.1999
Confession wil make the subject feel better, related to assurances that their case will be processed more favourably if they confess.1997
Subjects talking or writing about their past felt better about it afterward.2002

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