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Can you name the Name the researchers who conducted these studies on PTSD?
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7.8% of nearly 6000 adults had suffered from PTSD at some point in their lives.
Expressive writing - writing out the story several times including emotions worked for students and had positive health and behavioural effects.
Two pathways: verbally and situationally accessible memories.
Self-help guides for students in Baghdad. Significant reductions in PTSD symptoms, anxiety and depression and higher use of positive coping strategies.
More coherent narrative = less likely to suffer from PTSD.
MAOIs had a positive effect however large side effects.
CBT effective for 9/11 survivors in reducing symptoms and depression.
Stress Response Theory - after an initial distress, the individual attempts to assimilate new trauma knowledge and existing schema and this results in an information overload.
Over 4-5 days, participants wrote stories and then signed them. Less PTSD symptoms in the year follow up.
Emotional processingtheory - how we deal with stress is affected by our appraisals of what we do. Negative believes regarding the trauma can reinforce the negative schemata.
Neuroleptics were generally inferior to antidepressants.
PTSD/Trauma is a classically conditioned fear response.
Tricylic drugs were more effective than placebo in Vietnam veterans.
Trauma focused treatment was more effective than non-truama focused treatment. TF-CBT was significantly best therapy in reducing symptoms. Stress management therapy was good, but o
Used narrative exposure therapy with survivors of the Szechan earthquake in China. Had a positive effect on reduction of symptoms, general health, anxiety and depression.
Right hippocampus is significantly smaller in MRIs of Vietnam combat veterans with PTSD.
Beta blockers in 12 Vietnam veterans. Improvements for nightmares, intrusive recollection and impaired sleep but side effects of depression.
No significant difference in hippocampal size 1 week and 6 montsh after trauma. But only 10/37 had PTSD at the 6 months point.
Benzodiazepines - patients with MPD and PTSD responded well long term.
RCT - 33 children with PTSD randomised into either EMDR or waiting list, and then crossover performed. Independent evaluator conducted pre/post tests. Children treated with EMDR sh
No effect of secondary trauma in children of holocaust survivors.
Found PTSD symptoms in those who acted as counsellors after 9/11.
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