Sports Quiz / Physical Fitness

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Can you name the Physical Fitness

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general term used to describe the complex biochemical reactions involved in muscle formation and development
a program designed to improve muscular strength and/or endurance thru a series of progressive resistance exercises that overload the muscular system and physiological development
demands placed on a system must be increased systematically and progressively over time to cause physiological adaptation
action phase; muscle shortens
often called 'molecular unit of currency of intracellular energy transfer
tightening or narrowing of a muscle
blood pressure; the point where the sound disappears
no finger motion or body movement is visible during the test
loss of lean body mass, strength and function commonly associated with age
included in the core of the body
muscle tissues; ability to be stretched or extended in response to a force
attained through an active lifestyle and moderate physical activity
implies a level of activity that is lower than that required to maintain good health
tested by number of repetitions that can be made or length of time contraction can be held
ability of muscle to exert submaximal force repeatedly over time
involves static contraction
quantifies the amount of work performed during a training session
assesses blood pressure
measured in terms of maximal amount of oxygen in the body
bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles
type of fiber; greater aerobic potential and slow speed of contraction
strongest muscle
metabolismall energy and material transformation that occur within living cells and necessary to sustain life
fourth leading risk factor for global mortality causing an estimated 3.2 million deaths globally
number of repetitions performed for a given exercises
a contractile tissue in an animal's body used especially for movement
the amount of blood pumped by the heart in one beat
core muscles
can be used to roughly estimate strength when time is a factor
produces detrimental and undersirable side effects especially in women
QuestionsAnswer
transports chemical energy within cells for metabolism
nerves connecting nervous system to muscle
maximum amount of resistance an individual is able to lift in a single effort
muscle contraction with movement; full range of motion
amount of weight lifted by an individual
muscle contraction that produces little or no movement
action phase; muscle lengthens
type of cell found in muscle tissue
a condition involving enlargement of muscles
especially important in preventing cardio-vascular disease
a type of physical activity that requires 'planned, structured and repetitive bodily movement to improve or maintain one or more components of fitness'
a measure of how efficiently your heart, lungs and muscles can operate during aerobic exercise
supplies energy to living cells through citric acid cycle (Krebs cycle); oxygen present; aternatively ferments to produce lactate when lacking
ability of a muscle to exert maximum force against resistance
measured by insulin sensitivity glucose tolerance and cholesterol levels
muscle tissues; ability to receive and respond to stimuli via generation of an electrical pulse which causes contraction of the muscle cells
type of fiber; greater anaerobic potential and fast speed of contraction
amoung of energy an individual requires during resting conditions to sustain proper body function
formula of training volume
number of times performed in a week
optimal heart rate
the motor neuron and the muscle fiber it innervates
measured while the person is in the sitting position, with the forearm and the nanometer at the same level as the heart
muscle tissues; ability of a muscle to shorten in response to a suitable stimuli
single most important component of physical fitness
the transformation of glucose to pyruvate when limited amounts of oxygen (O2) are available
blood pressure; the point where the sound of the pulse again becomes audible
sum of all repetitions multiplied by the resistances during a training session
obtained by counting your pulse either on the wrist over the radial artery or over the carotid artery in the neck
muscle tissues; ability of a muscle fiber to recoil and resume its resting length

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