Science Quiz / Health Science 20 U1

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Cells of Life Unit 1

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50% of world's carbon in this form
Insulates us from cold
fat liquid at room temperature
Affects of an enzyme reaction
unsaturated fats are _______ based
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen ratio of carbohydrates (x:x:x)
chemical that works on fats for absorption
proteins are made of:
compounds that mostly have carbon and hydrogen
Plant sugar
the abbreviation for adenosine triphosphate is:
atoms with a charge
double stranded nucleic acid
most important source of body's energy
HDL stands for:
sugar part of DNA
breaking a peptide bond requires 1 molecule of water for each peptide bond broken, this is called a:
every available bond in saturated fats have a:
3 rules of matter
breaks down carbohydrates
structural components of cells
Fat is a carrier of which vitamins?
saturated fats are ___________ based
molecule which an enzyme works on
Lipids are composed of:
center of an atom has a dense area called a:
proteins always contain a ______ group and a _______ group
LDL stands for:
Most complex carbohydrate
enzyme that breaks down protein
hormone which is the simplest protein
2 sugars (Ex: sucrose 1 glucose + 1 fructose)
2 important nucleic acids
largest most complicated molecule known to living things
main source of carbohydrates
highly complex and integrated communication control system in order to accomplish self-regulation
which can't we synthesize, essential or non-essential?
many sugar units
which has more oxygen, fat or carbohydrates?
what does DNA stand for
which is considered better for you, HDL or LDL?
fat solid at room temperature
another word for fat
4 basic components of a feedback loop
word ending that signals it's sugar
nucleotides consist of:
how many ways can carbon bond
provide energy for life processes
Fat serves as what for hormones?
bond that holds amino acids together
high levels of LDL can lead to:
Simplest carbohydrate type
contain hereditary material
form of polysaccharide
maintaining of a constant state
chemical components of protein
most important element to life
our bodies convert saturated fats into:
chemical substance made of 2 or more elements
do not affect sweet taste buds
exposing a protein to heat will cause:
the prefix 'pep' means
Many sugars
compounds that do not have carbon and hydrogen
controls speed of a reaction
biological catalyst
single stranded nucleic acid
build/maintain muscle
All disaccharides are formed in this process
chemical reactions must proceed at ____ temperature
produce antibodies
2 categories of amino acids
Which is commonly more health, saturated or unsaturated?
permanent change in protein shape
makes up plant cell walls
enzymes are identified by this ending
2 forms of starches
Insoluble in water
how many different types of amino acids are there?
compact way of storing energy

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