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Cells of Life Unit 1

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HintAnswer
many sugar units
Fat is a carrier of which vitamins?
Plant sugar
molecule which an enzyme works on
exposing a protein to heat will cause:
highly complex and integrated communication control system in order to accomplish self-regulation
50% of world's carbon in this form
how many ways can carbon bond
unsaturated fats are _______ based
do not affect sweet taste buds
permanent change in protein shape
atoms with a charge
build/maintain muscle
Affects of an enzyme reaction
chemical components of protein
makes up plant cell walls
word ending that signals it's sugar
fat liquid at room temperature
2 categories of amino acids
Insulates us from cold
breaking a peptide bond requires 1 molecule of water for each peptide bond broken, this is called a:
LDL stands for:
nucleotides consist of:
main source of carbohydrates
most important source of body's energy
biological catalyst
All disaccharides are formed in this process
HintAnswer
the abbreviation for adenosine triphosphate is:
chemical that works on fats for absorption
breaks down carbohydrates
largest most complicated molecule known to living things
compounds that mostly have carbon and hydrogen
every available bond in saturated fats have a:
Many sugars
bond that holds amino acids together
sugar part of DNA
the prefix 'pep' means
2 important nucleic acids
2 sugars (Ex: sucrose 1 glucose + 1 fructose)
center of an atom has a dense area called a:
Simplest carbohydrate type
maintaining of a constant state
contain hereditary material
produce antibodies
Lipids are composed of:
hormone which is the simplest protein
another word for fat
form of polysaccharide
our bodies convert saturated fats into:
saturated fats are ___________ based
provide energy for life processes
how many different types of amino acids are there?
double stranded nucleic acid
controls speed of a reaction
HintAnswer
which is considered better for you, HDL or LDL?
Most complex carbohydrate
HDL stands for:
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen ratio of carbohydrates (x:x:x)
4 basic components of a feedback loop
which can't we synthesize, essential or non-essential?
Fat serves as what for hormones?
most important element to life
proteins always contain a ______ group and a _______ group
chemical reactions must proceed at ____ temperature
chemical substance made of 2 or more elements
high levels of LDL can lead to:
what does DNA stand for
Insoluble in water
3 rules of matter
proteins are made of:
structural components of cells
compact way of storing energy
compounds that do not have carbon and hydrogen
enzymes are identified by this ending
Which is commonly more health, saturated or unsaturated?
which has more oxygen, fat or carbohydrates?
2 forms of starches
single stranded nucleic acid
fat solid at room temperature
enzyme that breaks down protein

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