Science Quiz / Health Science 20 U1

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Cells of Life Unit 1

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HintAnswer
which is considered better for you, HDL or LDL?
how many different types of amino acids are there?
single stranded nucleic acid
form of polysaccharide
2 important nucleic acids
build/maintain muscle
chemical that works on fats for absorption
every available bond in saturated fats have a:
Insulates us from cold
which has more oxygen, fat or carbohydrates?
Fat is a carrier of which vitamins?
double stranded nucleic acid
compounds that mostly have carbon and hydrogen
nucleotides consist of:
controls speed of a reaction
structural components of cells
fat solid at room temperature
proteins always contain a ______ group and a _______ group
HDL stands for:
how many ways can carbon bond
proteins are made of:
exposing a protein to heat will cause:
what does DNA stand for
Most complex carbohydrate
chemical reactions must proceed at ____ temperature
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen ratio of carbohydrates (x:x:x)
our bodies convert saturated fats into:
HintAnswer
highly complex and integrated communication control system in order to accomplish self-regulation
Affects of an enzyme reaction
All disaccharides are formed in this process
fat liquid at room temperature
2 sugars (Ex: sucrose 1 glucose + 1 fructose)
LDL stands for:
word ending that signals it's sugar
atoms with a charge
which can't we synthesize, essential or non-essential?
breaks down carbohydrates
chemical substance made of 2 or more elements
enzymes are identified by this ending
makes up plant cell walls
permanent change in protein shape
Simplest carbohydrate type
4 basic components of a feedback loop
3 rules of matter
Fat serves as what for hormones?
high levels of LDL can lead to:
many sugar units
Which is commonly more health, saturated or unsaturated?
hormone which is the simplest protein
main source of carbohydrates
saturated fats are ___________ based
another word for fat
compounds that do not have carbon and hydrogen
enzyme that breaks down protein
HintAnswer
compact way of storing energy
Many sugars
breaking a peptide bond requires 1 molecule of water for each peptide bond broken, this is called a:
largest most complicated molecule known to living things
Insoluble in water
the abbreviation for adenosine triphosphate is:
2 categories of amino acids
produce antibodies
50% of world's carbon in this form
Lipids are composed of:
chemical components of protein
unsaturated fats are _______ based
contain hereditary material
sugar part of DNA
do not affect sweet taste buds
Plant sugar
center of an atom has a dense area called a:
2 forms of starches
bond that holds amino acids together
molecule which an enzyme works on
maintaining of a constant state
biological catalyst
the prefix 'pep' means
most important element to life
most important source of body's energy
provide energy for life processes

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