A Brief History Of Executions

Can you answer the following questions about various historical executions? [See Quiz Note]

1305: This Scottish knight, whose life (and death) is dramatised in the movie Braveheart, was hanged, drawn and quartered
1535: This English philosopher, statesman and humanist was beheaded after refusing to take the Oath of Supremacy (acknowledging Henry VIII as head of the Church of England)
1536: Henry VIII's second wife, and mother of Elizabeth I, she was arrested and tried for high treason then beheaded at the Tower of London
1542: Henry VIII's fifth wife, and the second of his wives to be executed for treason, accused of committing adultery with her distant cousin
1556: Former Archbishop of Canterbury- writer of the Book of Common Prayer- burned as a heretic by the Catholic Mary I of England
1606: He was executed for his part in the Gunpowder Plot in November of the previous year, aiming to assassinate King James I by blowing up the House of Lords
1649: The execution of this English king led to the brief abolition of the monarchy and the Commonwealth of England being established; the monarchy was restored in 1660
1793: Several months after her husband, Louis XVI, was executed by guillotine, this woman- Queen Consort- met the same fate
1865: This boardinghouse owner was the first woman executed by the US federal government; she was convicted of being part of the conspiracy to assassinate Abraham Lincoln
1882: This lawyer and writer was hanged for the assassination of US President James Garfield, who he shot in July 1881
1901: Leon Czolgosz was executed via electric chair in October for assassinating this US President
1916: This Irish nationalist was convicted of high treason for attempting to gain German military aid for the Easter Rising; he would later say he was 'hanged on a comma'
1917*: This Dutch exotic dancer and courtesan- born Margaretha Geertruida Zelle- was executed by firing squad in Paris for spying for Germany during the First World War
1945: This Italian dictator- also known as Il Duce- was executed by firing squad, then his body taken to Milan and hung upside down outside a service station
1945: Executed by firing squad, this Norwegian politician's surname is synonymous for collaborator or traitor; he led a pro-Nazi puppet government during the Nazi occupation
1946*: This American-born Nazi propaganda broadcaster- born William Joyce- was hanged at Wandsworth Prison, making him the last person to be executed for treason in the UK
1949: Nathuram Godse is hanged at Ambala Central Jail in East Punjab for his assassination of this Indian lawyer and anti-colonial nationalist
1950, 1953: Timothy Evans was wrongfully hanged for the murders committed by his landlord John Reginald Christie (who was executed three years later) at this London address
1953: Convicted of spying on behalf of the Soviet Union in 1951, this American couple were executed by the US federal government at Sing Sing correctional facility
1955: She was the last woman to be hanged in the UK after being convicted of shooting her lover outside a pub in Hampstead
1967: This Argentine Marxist revolutionary and guerilla leader, a major figure in the Cuban Revolution, was executed in Bolivia, after being caught by CIA-assisted forces
1989: Nicolae Ceaușescu, president of this European country, was executed by firing squad on Christmas Day (along with his wife Elena) after being convicted of genocide
2001: Timothy McVeigh is executed by lethal injection for his part in the 1995 bombing in this American city
2002: This female serial killer (later portrayed by Charlize Theron in the film Monster) was executed via lethal injection after being convicted of six murders
2006: This former President of Iraq was convicted by an Iraqi court of crimes against humanity and sentenced to death by hanging, which took place on 30 December

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