Science Quiz / Salamanders and Caecilians

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Can you name the the amphibian family that matches the characteristic?

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CharacteristicFamily
[order]Elongate and limbless, have tentacles. Internal fertilization, often no tail, specialized for burrowing.
Toad-like and big(35 cm), with sharp teeth, indistinct costal grooves and mottled skin patterns.
Caecilians- yeah i know it's not a family, deal with it
Lay eggs in logs or in alligator mounds, up to 1 meter in length.
Mudpuppies and olms
[subfamily]Batrachoseps, Bolitoglossa, Dendrotriton, Eurycea, Psuedotriton
No nasolabial or distinct costal grooves.Terrestrial as young, have laterally compressed tails as aquatic adults.
Sometimes called conger eels or congo snakes.
Males herd females into their nests under large rocks and tend to the eggs after mating through external fertilization.
The hellbender is in this family.
2 genera and six species, found in E. United States and central/SE Europe.
[subfamily]Aneides, Desmognathus, Ensantina, Hydromantes, Plethodon
Mole salamanders
[caecilian]Recessed mouth, lacks tail
External fertilization, terrestrial as adults, lay eggs in high mountain streams
[caecilian]Up to 33 cm, oviparous, larva have gill slits, mouth at the tip of the snout
Can survive drought by forming a cocoon, aquatic, 4 limbs
Squared off glands behind vent in males, internal fertilization, and found in old growth forests and cold streams.
9 genera & 58 species
1 genus & 3 species found in the Southeastern US
Have noxious milky-white skin secretions and some have aposematic coloration. Found only in North America.
Obvious costal grooves, up to 22 cm, and found only in North America.
21 genera & 97 species
Has 27 genera and 431 species
32 species in 1 genus
Newts
Found in the NW USA only, internal reproduction, tail-lash defense, and are fairly small.
CharacteristicFamily
Live only in Central and E. Asia, difficult to distinguish from other groups without skeletons.
Includes the genera Siren & Pseudobranchus(4 species total)
[caecilian]3 genera & 53 species. Found in SE Asia.
4 species in 1 genus, found in NW USA
Superfamily that includes all salamanders with internal fertilization
Can live over 50 years, are aquatic with gills and reduced number of toes, but retain all 4 limbs.
[caecilian]Up to 1 meter long, eats earthworms
Found in E. North America and E. Asia, this family has 3 species in 2 genera.
Internal fertilization and noxious skin secretions/aposematic coloration. Some retain eggs in body, birthing advanced larva or 'mature' young.
[caecilian]Up to 50 cm, free swimming larva, female attends 25-40 eggs(thus oviparous)
Fully aquatic, flattened, and up to 1.6 meters in length, this family can live for over 30 years.
[caecilian]Often bright coloration, mostly viviparous
This family is fully aquatic, found in slow-moving water, and is found in SE United States and NE Mexico.
[caecilian]2 genera & 11 species found in South America
Projectile tongues and mental glands. Males in some species have cirri.
Found in Europe, NW Africa, Asia & N.A. Rough, pebbly skin.
Slender & eel-like, lacking hindlimbs and eyelids. Adults retain eternal gills and suction-feeding.
Torrent salamanders
Have nasolabial grooves, lungless. Found in the Americas and Europe.
4 species in 1 genus, found in NW USA
[caecilian]True tail, tentacle between eye and nostril.
External fertilization, eggs tended by females. This family can escape drought conditions by aestivating in a mucous cocoon.
Paedomorphic and found in slow moving waters in the SE US. Internal fertilization.
Internal fertilization. Genera include Necturus and Proteus. Eats a variety of food including small invertebrates/vertebrates, fish eggs, carrion
[caecilian]2 genera & 42 species, Central & South America
The axolotl is in this family.
[caecilian]True tail, tentacle adjacent to eye

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