Science Quiz / Salamanders and Caecilians

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Can you name the the amphibian family that matches the characteristic?

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[caecilian]True tail, tentacle adjacent to eye
External fertilization, terrestrial as adults, lay eggs in high mountain streams
32 species in 1 genus
[caecilian]Up to 50 cm, free swimming larva, female attends 25-40 eggs(thus oviparous)
The hellbender is in this family.
2 genera and six species, found in E. United States and central/SE Europe.
No nasolabial or distinct costal grooves.Terrestrial as young, have laterally compressed tails as aquatic adults.
[caecilian]2 genera & 11 species found in South America
Have nasolabial grooves, lungless. Found in the Americas and Europe.
Live only in Central and E. Asia, difficult to distinguish from other groups without skeletons.
[subfamily]Batrachoseps, Bolitoglossa, Dendrotriton, Eurycea, Psuedotriton
Mudpuppies and olms
[caecilian]Recessed mouth, lacks tail
Paedomorphic and found in slow moving waters in the SE US. Internal fertilization.
Found in Europe, NW Africa, Asia & N.A. Rough, pebbly skin.
[subfamily]Aneides, Desmognathus, Ensantina, Hydromantes, Plethodon
[caecilian]True tail, tentacle between eye and nostril.
Has 27 genera and 431 species
Found in the NW USA only, internal reproduction, tail-lash defense, and are fairly small.
[order]Elongate and limbless, have tentacles. Internal fertilization, often no tail, specialized for burrowing.
Males herd females into their nests under large rocks and tend to the eggs after mating through external fertilization.
Superfamily that includes all salamanders with internal fertilization
External fertilization, eggs tended by females. This family can escape drought conditions by aestivating in a mucous cocoon.
4 species in 1 genus, found in NW USA
Fully aquatic, flattened, and up to 1.6 meters in length, this family can live for over 30 years.
Sometimes called conger eels or congo snakes.
Caecilians- yeah i know it's not a family, deal with it
Torrent salamanders
Slender & eel-like, lacking hindlimbs and eyelids. Adults retain eternal gills and suction-feeding.
4 species in 1 genus, found in NW USA
[caecilian]Up to 33 cm, oviparous, larva have gill slits, mouth at the tip of the snout
Squared off glands behind vent in males, internal fertilization, and found in old growth forests and cold streams.
Internal fertilization and noxious skin secretions/aposematic coloration. Some retain eggs in body, birthing advanced larva or 'mature' young.
[caecilian]Often bright coloration, mostly viviparous
The axolotl is in this family.
9 genera & 58 species
Found in E. North America and E. Asia, this family has 3 species in 2 genera.
Lay eggs in logs or in alligator mounds, up to 1 meter in length.
[caecilian]Up to 1 meter long, eats earthworms
Includes the genera Siren & Pseudobranchus(4 species total)
Projectile tongues and mental glands. Males in some species have cirri.
This family is fully aquatic, found in slow-moving water, and is found in SE United States and NE Mexico.
Can survive drought by forming a cocoon, aquatic, 4 limbs
Can live over 50 years, are aquatic with gills and reduced number of toes, but retain all 4 limbs.
Mole salamanders
[caecilian]2 genera & 42 species, Central & South America
Have noxious milky-white skin secretions and some have aposematic coloration. Found only in North America.
21 genera & 97 species
Internal fertilization. Genera include Necturus and Proteus. Eats a variety of food including small invertebrates/vertebrates, fish eggs, carrion
Obvious costal grooves, up to 22 cm, and found only in North America.
[caecilian]3 genera & 53 species. Found in SE Asia.
1 genus & 3 species found in the Southeastern US
Toad-like and big(35 cm), with sharp teeth, indistinct costal grooves and mottled skin patterns.

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