Science Quiz / Salamanders and Caecilians

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Can you name the the amphibian family that matches the characteristic?

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CharacteristicFamily
[caecilian]3 genera & 53 species. Found in SE Asia.
[order]Elongate and limbless, have tentacles. Internal fertilization, often no tail, specialized for burrowing.
Mole salamanders
Can survive drought by forming a cocoon, aquatic, 4 limbs
[caecilian]2 genera & 42 species, Central & South America
This family is fully aquatic, found in slow-moving water, and is found in SE United States and NE Mexico.
Caecilians- yeah i know it's not a family, deal with it
[caecilian]True tail, tentacle between eye and nostril.
Lay eggs in logs or in alligator mounds, up to 1 meter in length.
Torrent salamanders
Includes the genera Siren & Pseudobranchus(4 species total)
32 species in 1 genus
Squared off glands behind vent in males, internal fertilization, and found in old growth forests and cold streams.
Obvious costal grooves, up to 22 cm, and found only in North America.
[caecilian]True tail, tentacle adjacent to eye
External fertilization, eggs tended by females. This family can escape drought conditions by aestivating in a mucous cocoon.
Fully aquatic, flattened, and up to 1.6 meters in length, this family can live for over 30 years.
[caecilian]Often bright coloration, mostly viviparous
Have noxious milky-white skin secretions and some have aposematic coloration. Found only in North America.
Found in E. North America and E. Asia, this family has 3 species in 2 genera.
Found in the NW USA only, internal reproduction, tail-lash defense, and are fairly small.
Sometimes called conger eels or congo snakes.
Projectile tongues and mental glands. Males in some species have cirri.
[caecilian]Recessed mouth, lacks tail
4 species in 1 genus, found in NW USA
Toad-like and big(35 cm), with sharp teeth, indistinct costal grooves and mottled skin patterns.
Paedomorphic and found in slow moving waters in the SE US. Internal fertilization.
CharacteristicFamily
External fertilization, terrestrial as adults, lay eggs in high mountain streams
Have nasolabial grooves, lungless. Found in the Americas and Europe.
Found in Europe, NW Africa, Asia & N.A. Rough, pebbly skin.
9 genera & 58 species
Live only in Central and E. Asia, difficult to distinguish from other groups without skeletons.
21 genera & 97 species
No nasolabial or distinct costal grooves.Terrestrial as young, have laterally compressed tails as aquatic adults.
Internal fertilization and noxious skin secretions/aposematic coloration. Some retain eggs in body, birthing advanced larva or 'mature' young.
Internal fertilization. Genera include Necturus and Proteus. Eats a variety of food including small invertebrates/vertebrates, fish eggs, carrion
1 genus & 3 species found in the Southeastern US
[caecilian]Up to 1 meter long, eats earthworms
Males herd females into their nests under large rocks and tend to the eggs after mating through external fertilization.
The hellbender is in this family.
Mudpuppies and olms
2 genera and six species, found in E. United States and central/SE Europe.
[subfamily]Batrachoseps, Bolitoglossa, Dendrotriton, Eurycea, Psuedotriton
[caecilian]Up to 33 cm, oviparous, larva have gill slits, mouth at the tip of the snout
Superfamily that includes all salamanders with internal fertilization
[caecilian]2 genera & 11 species found in South America
4 species in 1 genus, found in NW USA
The axolotl is in this family.
Slender & eel-like, lacking hindlimbs and eyelids. Adults retain eternal gills and suction-feeding.
[caecilian]Up to 50 cm, free swimming larva, female attends 25-40 eggs(thus oviparous)
[subfamily]Aneides, Desmognathus, Ensantina, Hydromantes, Plethodon
Has 27 genera and 431 species
Can live over 50 years, are aquatic with gills and reduced number of toes, but retain all 4 limbs.
Newts

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