Science Quiz / Organic Chem

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Formula for Alkene and Cycloalkane n=variable
Formula for Alkane n=variable
The backbone of a chain should be numbered so that the majority of substituents have the ? order possible
Formula for Alkyne n=variable
If there is a tie in a molecule with equal double and triple bonds, which takes priority in numbering sequence?
R=CH2 substituent group is called
(CH2=CH-CH2-R) is more commonly known as ? Substituent
R-CH=CH2 is commonly called a ? Substituent group
CH≡CH is commonly known as
The priority group(functional group) in a chain is based on whichever substituent is more ?
Common name: CH3–CH2–CH2–CH2–
Structure of group Sec-butyl
Structure for group n-butyl
Structure of group isobutyl
Structure of group neopentyl
Normal Butane and its isomer
Refers to the 3 branches attached to alpha butyl carbon
Alkyl Halides are named as the Name suggests which is ? + ?
Common name for Alcohols is ?+?
Since Ethers are are not terminal(not first) they have a prefix for their short chain side ? + ? suffix
3 member rings with ether(-O-) are called epoxides or ?
Both the Carbons on either side of a Ketone carbon(C=O) is a ? Carbon
If there is a higher priority group then the Ketone or Aldehyde. The molecule will get the prefix ? (cuz of the oxygen)
Give scientific name for the aldehydes formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, propionaldehyde respectively
Refers to the 2 branches attached to alpha butyl carbon
R(C=O)- (IUPAC:Alkanoyl) aka
RSR' (aka Thioether)
Functional priority song
O in -(C=O)- is called
C in -(C=O)- is called
Suffix for Carboxylic Acid
Suffix for Ester
Suffix for Acyl Halide
Suffix for Acyl
Suffix for Amide
Suffix for Nitrile
Suffix for Aldehyde
Suffix for Ketone
Suffix for Alcohol
Suffix for Thiol
Suffix for Imine
Suffix for Ether
A chain with diols/glycols (2 hydroxyl groups) on the same carbon is like twin sign
A chain with diols/glycols (2 hydroxyl groups) in the same vacinity (adjacent carbons) aka Hydrates is called
Primary is connected to ? Carbons
Secondary is connected to ? Carbons
Tertiary is connected to ? Carbons
3 steps in Free radical Halogenation use ','
Products of Combustion, use '+'
Greater then: Nucleophile & Basicity Strength
Greater then: Nucleophile strength, size and polarity
Greater then: Leaving Groups(Weak Bases are best)
Species with a -charge, wants Nucleus of another
Species with +charge, wants Electrons of another
Conjugate Base is _____of H+
Conjugate Acid is _____of H+
Adding an H+ to a weak Base(semi Low Pkb) produces, _?_ Conjugate Acid
Removing an H+ from a weak acid(semi low Pka) produces, _?_ Conjugate Base
Adding an H+ to a Strong Base(High Pkb) produces, _?_ Conjugate Acid
Removing an H+ from a Strong acid( High Pka) produces, _?_ Conjugate Base
Strong Base has _?_Pkb value
Strong Acid has _?_Pka value
The Stronger the Acid, the more INERT or Weaker Conjugate Base, Which is are____ _____ Group
The Weaker the Acid, the Stronger the Conjugate Base, which is a _____ _____ Group
A Nucleophile acts as a strong base, A good leaving group is a weak base thus both are_?_ type of base
Leaving Group Gets displaced by Nu(strong Base) because its a
Think of Leaving Group and Nu as both respectfully being weak/strong_______
Deals with the Nucleophlic(leaving Grp & Nu-) Substitutions 1 at a time with (intermediate forms)
Deals with the Nucleophlic (leaving Grp & Nu-) Substitutions at the same (transition state ) time
In a reaction where Substrate intermediate will have + charge thus also called ____Species
Which SN1,2 & E1,2 Reaction is Rate dependent on Substrate & Nucleophile
A good Leaving group will have a _____activation energy compared to poor leaving group
Which SN1,2 & E1,2 Reaction likes 3>2>1>methyl
Which SN1,2 & E1,2 Reaction likes methyl>1>2>3
Which SN1,2 & E1,2 Reaction wants Strong, Bulky Nucleophile
Which SN1,2 & E1,2 Reaction wants Strong, NonBulky Nucleophile
Has 1 sigma bond
Has 1 sigma and 1 pie bond
Has 1 sigma and 2 pie bonds
Hybridization of C-C
Hybridization of C=C
Hybridization of C≡C
Angle of Sp3 Hybridization
angle of Sp2 Hybridization
angle of SP Hybridization
For Isomers placement of Substituents is based on
Have the same molecular formula but put together diff
Both Names for Same molecular but diff Bond connections
Same molecular and Bond connections but diff in Spatial arrangment
Isomers classify 2 main groups
Sterioisomers classify 2 main groups
Sterioisomers that conform repeatidy around single bond
Sterioisomers that configure by breaking covalent bonds
Configurational Isomers classify 2 main groups
non-superimposable mirror images(Ant on Mirror)
Differ in Chirality(4 group arranged around center) classified with S,R names
4 Diff Groups around Carbon, Carbon is called
R-Enantiomers Go Right way on clock
S-Enantiomers Wrong way on clock
Non-superimposable Non-mirror images(Disasters)
Differ in chirality at some but NOT all chiral centers
Diastereomers classify 1 main group
Geometric (think scale) Isomers differ in spatial arrangment of substituents with
'Cis-'(same side) and 'Trans-' classify_____ Geometric Alkenes
'E-' and 'Z-'(zame) classify_____ Geometric Alkenes
Electron Could repulsion of near by atoms causes____ Strain
Confirmation with atoms as far apart as possible
Confirmation with atoms as close as possible
Staggered Confirmation with atoms far apart
Staggered Confirmation with atoms close by
Strain that deviates from VSEPR theory
Strain that deviates from VSEPR theory and Torisional strain

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