Miscellaneous Quiz / Strategy FHS (Copy 1)

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Can you name the Strategy FHS?

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_'s diversification strategy might not be best measured in terms of profitability but in user base growth (rocketed ahead of __)
(1971) Not enough effort is made to learn from failed companies.
__ acquired ___. Resounding success and clear synergies
___ funded the development of rival ____'s OS. Co-opetition
___ in a normal year was as profitable as ___ in an excellent year (low oil price). No one's going to build competing rail lines.
_ _ is arguably an extension of RBV with similar critiques
A 1% increase in market share is only associated with a 0.1% increase in ROI. Focus should therefore be on other factors such as prod/service quality
(2000) Little evidence that high investment in innovation pays
(2011) Alliances are sometimes not pursued because firms are unsure how to divide value created.
(1988) Innovative late entry can be the winning strategy (e.g. Kindle)
(2012) Late enter when there are _ standards to compare products and low costs of _
(1985) M form might solve some of the resource allocation and agency problems with diversification
Firms that were very profitable (ROA>15%) in 2003 had an 83% chance of being very profitable in 2013. Previous odds about 50%
'Naive Realism' - we are biased to think are own views are developed from reason whereas everyone else is being irrational or PC etc.
5 Forces assumes industry structure is constant but actually it is endogenous and changes. e.g. changes in taxi driving industry
(2002) Only a minority of firms achieve superior performance (ROA statistically significantly above average) and it rarely persits
_ pioneered Diet Cola but the profits were seized by the _ _ Company
__ have kept net profit margins between 3 and 3.5% for the last 20 years as revenues have grown. Extremely persistent profitability.
(1997) Since dynamic capabilities must be built, there is a need in organisations for managers who build.
(1993) Even innovation that doesn't work can be profitable because it imparts STATUS on the innovating firm.
__ ___ killed by the substitute MP3 Player
After US DoJ announced its mission to block the takeover of (1) by (2), (1)'s stock price rose and (2)'s fell
_ exploited exogenous change to become a pioneer of a new location of the pay day loan industry
The creative destruction of innovation makes analysis of static industry structure fairly redundant
(2011) 70-90% failure rate of acquisitons
(2000) Little evidence that high investment in innovation is profitable
(1986,_) 3 factors affecting how innovation profits are distributed: regimes of _, _ _ paradigm and _ assets
_-_ has made related diversifications into Innocent smoothies and Chi Ltd. a Nigerian dairy drink company.
2 types of firm structure
(2000) Dynamic capabilities are best conceptualised as tools that manipulate resource configurations
(1974) successful diversification requires shared core competences
(1989) Valuable assets are non-tradable and therefore must be built
(1991) 3 sources of network externalities: network-based products, _ products, _ _ costs
(1999) R&D alliances barely ever develop into an acquisition.
(1988) 3 sources of FMA: _ leadership, _ of assets, buyer _ costs
(2013) Dynamic capabilities are distinct from ordinary capabilities because they are path dependent, idiosyncratic and cannot merely be purchased.
The variety in intra-industry performance is demonstrated by __ __ and _ who were top 10 profitability in 2015 despite a bad year for the industry
3 conditions to imitate: _ of what to imitate, _ to do it and _ to do it
cost minimisation is not competitive in the long run as it is not innovative. It will make a firm bad at responding to competitors.
(2000) DCs could be interpreted as the ordinary capability of being able to learn how to learn
Famously failed to profit from copier innovation
(1997) what matters is an organisation's capacity to sense opportunities, seize them and transform the resource base.
(2012) FMA makes a brand the psychological standard (e.g. Coca-Cola)
(2000) Long term competitive advantage lies in resource configurations, not dynamic capabilities.
(2004) Causes of hypercompetitivity: globalisation, improved substitutes, deregulation, lower entry barriers
Constant improvement in operational efficiency is necessary but not sufficient for SCA
Strtegic relatedness means NPV of combined firm is greater than sum of NPVs of separate firms.
(1997) Dynamic capabilities are used in 'rapidly changing environments'
__ __ asks his employees at Google to dedicate some of their time to radical experimentation to ensure that they stay ahead of the game
(2012) Pioneer when there are network effects, the expected category life is short and product value is subjective
(2007) A DYNAMIC CAPABILITY is 'the capacity of an organisation to purposefully create, extend, or modify its resource base'
(1990) Small firms innovate radically, large firms broadly. Medium firms stuck in the middle
(2004) Hypercompetitivity in the manufacturing industry. SCA lasts fleetingly. Only soln: keep finding SCAs.
Patents such as Apple's _ to _ can be designed around
__ __ acquired ___. Failure of this merger blamed on clash of cultures
If firm performance is inherently complex and multivariate then research must investigate a variety of factors that might be behind it.
_ pioneered a better tire but had no system of complimentary assets (e.g. trained mechanics) to create profit
(2011) Two types of acquisitions: 1. Those that intend to boost the current position 2. Those that look to take the company in a new direction
Related acquisition does not generate abnormal returns to shareholders of bidder

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