History Quiz / African American Civil Rights Key People 1865-1992

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Can you name the American Civil Rights Key People 1865-1992?

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President who supported civil rights but was not happy with the strengthening of affirmative action and other new measures. Ffirst President to resign due to the Watergate scandal
Leader of the Nation of Islam and called for a separate homeland for black Americans.
Co-founder of the Black Panther group, had a murder charge against him once before attempting to become Mayor of Oakland in 1973.
Member of the NAACP who refused to give up her seat on a bus when a white person got on.
New Deal President who was sympathetic to the plight of African Americans, yet did little help them in an attempt to keep democratic voters on his side.
Fought for Civil Rights in Alabama, believed in non-violent action and confronted the police dogs and fire hoses at the Birmingham demonstration.
Prominent SCLC who organised operation Breadbasket. Supporter of Affirmative Action and later campaigned twice for the Democratic Presidency nomination
Birmingham Commissioners of Public Safety. Was determined to keep slavery at all costs.
Democrat President who held racist views and appointed segregationist southerners to his administration.
Re-founded the KKK in 1915.
Ousted William Simmons from head position of the KKK. Under his tenure the target of hate widened to include other groups that were not WASPS
Daughters of slave parents, who refused to give up her seat on a train to a white man. She was removed but later sued the railroad company
President who took little interest in black civil rights, regarding it as a question of states' rights.
Mississippi governor who violently opposed the right for black people to vote.
Co-founder of the Black Panther group. He was later arrested for violent offences before fleeing to Cuba. He returned but was later shot in 1989.
Republican President who during the reconstruction period following the American Civil War who believed in state rights and was heavily opposed to anti-slavery legislation
Former Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces, before becoming a passive President whose failure to act on the Brown case was seen as a weak moment
Arrived in the USA in 1916, founded the first American branch of the organisation UNIA in 1917.
Achieved academic success at Harvard but was unable to have an international banking career due to the prejudice he faced. Later edited a weekly newspaper about race relations
Man who replaced MLK after his death. Lacked the charisma and authority that King had
Republican Representative who was criticized for not supporting the New Deal which were seen as helpful to black people. Did win support for his stance against segregation
Secretary of the NAACP. Had organisational and personal skills that allowed him to have good relations with many influential white political figures.
Leader of the NAACP from 1955 to 1981. He did not like confrontational protests/policies that other groups participated in.
First black American to acquire a PhD from Harvard University. He helped found the Niagara movement in 1905 before forming the NAACP in 1909.
Black lawyer who took segregation cases to the Supreme Court on behalf of the NAACP. He won nearly all of them and in 1967 appointed the first black Justice of the Supreme Court
Wall Street Crash President who tried to appoint a racist Supreme Court judge to try win Democratic voters.
HintAnswer
Ran a black voters campaign from as early as the 30s. She worked with King and the SCLC but disliked his leadership style.
Head of the Freedman's Bureau, noted for his lack of corruption and interest in the welfare of the emancipated slaves.
Won 4 golds at the Berlin Olympics games in front of Adolf Hitler. He received no endorsements due to the colour of his skin.
After a hard upbringing and a life of crime, dropped his surname and became a prominent member of the Nation of Islam who believed in achieving black rights by force if neccesary
Vice Presidnent to Reagan who later became President. He supported civil rights but saw some policies as fake, as it meant jobs were going to people who didn't deserve them.
President elected on two separate occasions. He affirmed the rights of all Americans whatever color. However, he believed in the southern states deciding race relations.
Radical Republican who took a hard line stance against southern states who believed in slavery. Believed that reconstruction should be led by the federal government.
Generally inactive on civil rights as President but was stronger on the issue as Governor of Georgia
Governor of Georgia who opposed the right of black people to vote.
Organizer for SNCC, wrote Black Power, used strong language in his speeches, left the SNCC to join the Black Panthers before leaving the USA entirely.
President who supported civil right but did not want it's implementation to be done by the federal government but by the states instead.
Republican President who supported the Progressive movement but did little to advance black civil rights.
First elected black member of the House of Representatives. He challenged the de facto segregation within New York City and organised a 'don't buy where you can't work campaign'
Civil Rights leader whose I have a dream speech was recognized as one of the most powerful speeches in history. He was later assassinated.
Brother of a US President. Implemented Supreme Court decisions on Civil Rights as Attorney General. Assassinated in June 1968
1920s President who believed that the rights of black Americans were as sacred as everyone elses.
Democratic President who was one of the few US Senators to give support to general support to Civil Rights in the 1950s.
Became aware of racism in the USA after touring the country as the FLOTUS. She supported the NAACP's Anti-Lynching Bill in the 30s, much to the embarrassment of her husband.
A surprisingly Liberal Republican who became a Justice of the Supreme Court and ruled in favour of civil rights in many cases.
High profile abolitionist who refused to run the Freedman's Bureau due to opposition with the policies of President Johnson
Born into slavery but was part of the first generation of children who benefited from new education opportunities. Dedicated his life to ensuring others had the same chan
Republican President in 1868 who wanted to go back to early Reconstruction policy and allow former slaves achieve equal rights
First black senator who represented Mississippi after being born into slavery in Virginia
80s Republican President who opposed the Voting Rights Act of 1965 as it was harm the South. He often opposed programs made to help blacks. Introduced a new era for Conservatives
Republican President who issued the Emancipation Proclamation and was later assassinated
Protested the treatment of African-Americans. He later formed the Afro-American League in 1890, which collapsed before being revived as the Afro-American Council in 1898.

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