On the 23rd of June 2016, the United Kingdom voted on the nation's membership in the European Union. This summary will take you through the main issues surrounding EU membership, the campaigns, and the referendum itself. Click 'Go' to get started.
First, let's start with a quick reminder about what the EU is. Prior to the referendum, the EU consisted of ________ member states, all in Europe.
At that time, the EU was home to just over __________ people.
These people and states all have access to the European _________, which according to the EU is 'one territory without any internal borders or other regulatory obstacles to the free movement of goods and services'.
In May 2015, the _________ Party won the UK General Election, with one of their key policies being an in/out referendum on the UK's EU membership.
In February 2016, the Prime Minister, _________, who was in favour of staying in the EU, announced the referendum would be held on June 23rd.
The wording of the question was specifically designed to avoid either campaign having the advantage of campaigning for a 'Yes', so people who wished to stay voted to _______, rather than the original proposal of voting 'Yes'.
The referendum question: 'Should the United Kingdom remain a member of the European Union or ________ the European Union?'.
While the Conservative Prime Minister was in favour of remaining, many members of his party and his cabinet were campaigning to leave, including the prominent MP and former Mayor of London, ________.
Johnson, together with ________, the leader of UKIP (who had the third-largest vote share in the last UK election and are an anti-EU party) spearheaded the campaign to leave.
The prospect of the UK leaving the EU was nicknamed as '_______' (a portmanteau).
Meanwhile, the campaign to remain was led by the Prime Minister, as well as most of Britain's main parties, including the largest opposition party, ________, the SNP, the Liberal Democrats and Green Party.
While these parties are generally left-of-centre, the referendum was not just a left-right issue as prominent figures on the hard left, like George Galloway, were campaigning to leave, and prominent Conservatives to remain, including the Chancellor _____.
The issues surrounding the referendum were diverse, but perhaps the largest was immigration. The EU allows its citizens freedom of ________, which means that any EU citizen can live and work in another EU country.
Those campaigning to leave believed that this immigration is _________, due to this freedom of movement.
However, those campaigning to remain said that because the UK is not in the ________, (a borderless zone for EU citizens on mainland Europe), it can control its own borders.
To combat immigration, the Government, whose official position was that it wished to remain, agreed that those coming to the UK from the EU would be ineligible for ________ for four years. Those campaigning to leave said this is not enough of a deterrent.
The economy was also a key issue, with many economists saying that the UK would see large job losses, reduced growth and harder trade. For instance, America's largest bank, _________, threatened cuts to the 16,000 jobs they had in the UK if the UK leaves the EU.
However, there were people in favour of leaving that said that if the UK left the EU, then small businesses would benefit from a lack of _________.
They also pointed out the economic problems with the _______, which connects 19 countries using the single currency.
Despite this, people in favour of remaining said that __% of UK exports were to the EU (according to HM Government's website), and these would be endangered by leaving.
Another issue was sovereignty. Many opponents of the EU said that the UK was at the mercy of 'unelected bureaucrats', and pointed to the role of the President of the European Commission, who is currently __________.
He is not directly elected by European citizens, which people in favour of leaving said makes him unaccountable. But remainers said that he is accountable, as he is elected by the ___________.
European Parliament elections were the only UK elections using full __________, which proponents of EU membership said makes the EU democratic.
There were many other arguments to the debate, including about the NHS, workers rights, the environment and virtually every other aspect of British life, and even the suggestion by remainers that a vote to leave the EU could trigger a second ___________.
On the 23rd of June, any registered British, Irish or Commonwealth citizen over the age of __ could vote.
_________ who were residents of the United Kingdom were not allowed to vote in the referendum (unless they were from Ireland, Malta or Cyprus), and nor were British citizens who had lived abroad for more than 15 years (even if they lived within the EU).
After a close campaign, the final result was that the UK ______ a member of the EU by a margin of 52% to 48%.
True or False: Within a day of the results becoming official, David Cameron announced he would resign as Prime Minister by October, 2016.
As a result of the vote, article 50 of the _________ will be invoked, beginning a two-year leaving process.