Science Quiz / Sociology Terms

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Can you name the Sociology Terms?

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Can you name the sociology term from the
The combination of existing cultural items into a form that did not exist before.
An established standard of behavior maintained by a society
Formal norms enforced by the state
The systematic study of how biology affects human social behavior
Transformation of an abstract concept into indicators that are observable and measurable
The single most common value in a series of scores
The midpoint, or number that divides a series of values into two groups of equal numbers of values
'Cultural information about how to use the material resources of the environment to satisfy human needs and desires'
Obstacles that individuals in similar positions face; also referred to by sociologists as 'social problems'
A period of adjustment when the nonmaterial culture is still struggling to adapt to new material conditions
A system of shared symbols; it includes speech, written characters, numberals, symbols, and nonverbal gestures and expressions
Norms governing everyday behavior, whose violation raise comparatively little concern
The freedom individuals have to choose and to act
A number calculated by adding a series of values and then dividing by the number of values
A set of cultural beliefs and practices that legitimates existing powerful social, economic, and political interests
The variable in a casual relationship that causes or influences a change in a second variable
Research that collects and reports data primarily in numberical form
A variety of research techniques that make use of previously collected and publicly accessible information and date
In sociology a set of statements that seek to explain problems, actions, or behavior
A face-to-face or telephone questioning of a respondent to obtain desired information
Perspective: A sociological approach that assumes that social behavior is best understood in terms of tension between groups over power or the allocation of resources, including ho
The tendency to assume that one's own culture and way of life represent what's normal or are superior to all others
The use of the discipline of sociology with the specific intent of altering organizations or restructuring social institutions
Norms deemed highly necessary to the welfare of a society
The structure of relationships within which culture is created and shared through regularized patterns of social interaction
The physical or technological aspects of our daily lives
Four key components of Sociology:
Specialized language used by members of a group or subculture
Can you name the sociology term from the
The standards of acceptable behavior developed by and for members of a profession
A printed or written form used to obtain information from a respondent
Perspective: A sociological approach that generalizes about everyday forms of social interaction in order to explain society as a whole
A condition in which members of society have differing amounts of wealth, prestige, or power
The systematic coding and objective recording of date, guided by some rational
A study, generally in the form of an interview or questionnaire, that provides researchers with information about how people think and act
The systematic study of the relationship between the individual andsociety and of the consequences of difference
The viewing of people's behavior from the perspective of their own culture
Sociological investigation that stresses the study of small groups and the analysis of our everyday experiences and interactions
The study of the social features of humans and the ways in which they interact and change
A research technique in which an investigator collects information through direct participation and/or by closely watching a group or community
The study of the physical features of nature and the ways in which they interact and change
The degree to which a measure or scale truly reflects the phenomenon under study
An awareness of the relationship between who we are as individuals and the social forces that shape our lives
A penalty or reward for conduct concerning a social norm
The relationship between a condition or variable and a particular consequence with one event leading to the other
A collective conception of what is considered good, desirable, and proper-or bad, undesirable, and improper-in a culture
The body of knowledge obtained by methods based on systematic observation
The idea that the language a person uses shapes his or her perception of reality and therefore his or her thoughts and actions
Research that relies on what is seen in field and naturalistic settings more than on statistical data
An artifically created situation that allows a researcher to manipulate variables
Ways of using material objects as well as customs, ideas, expressions, beliefs, knowledge, philosophies, governments, and patterns of communication
The subjects in an experiment who are exposed to an independent variable introduced by a researcher
The feelings of disorientation, uncertainty, and even fear that people experience when they encounter unfamiliar cultural practices
The process of introducing a new idea or object to a culture through discovery or invention
The use of gestures, facial expressions, and other visual images to communicate
A testable statement about the relationship between two or more variables
The unintended influence that observers of experiments can have on their subjects
Can you name the sociology term from the
A norm that is generally understood but not precisely recorded
The use of the discipline of sociology with the specific intent of yielding practical applications for human behavior and organizations
A subculture that deliberately opposes certain aspects of the larger culture
Obstacles that individuals face as individuals rather than as a consequence of their social position
A factor that is held constant to test the relative impact of an independent variable
A sample for which every member of an entire population has the same chance of being selected
Sociological investigation that concentrates on large-scale phenomena or entire civilizations
A norm that generally has been written down and that specifies strict punishments for violators
The study of an entire social setting through extended systematic observation
The totality of our shared language knowledge, materal objects, and behavior
The process of making known or sharing the existence of an aspect of reality
The loss of direction felt in a society when social control of individual behavior has become ineffective
The extent to which a measure produces consistent results
A detailed plan or method for obtaining data scientifically
Max Weber's term for objectivity of sociologists in the interpretation of data
Perspective: A sociological approach that emphasizes the way in which the parts of society are structured to maintain its stability
The process by which a cultural item spreads from group to group or society to society
A measurable trait or characteristic that is subject to change under different conditions
A systematic, organized series of steps that ensures maximum objectivity and consistency in researching a problem
A relationship between two variables in which a change in one coincides with a change in the other
The worldwide integration of government policies, cultures, social movements, and financial markets through trade and the exchange of ideas
A common practice or belief shared by all societies
A segment of society that shares a distinctive patterns of mores, folkways, and values that differs from the pattern of the larger society
A selection from a larger population that is statistically representative of that population
The variable in a casual relationship that is subject to the influence of another variable
The subjects in an experiment who are not introduced to the independent variable by the researcher

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