Science Quiz / Sociology Terms

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Sociology Terms
The process by which a cultural item spreads from group to group or society to society
An aspect of the socialization process within some total institutions, in which people are subjected to humiliating rituals
The totality of our shared language knowledge, materal objects, and behavior
The efforts people make to maintain a proper image and avoid public embarrassment
A view of social interaction in which people are seen as theatrical performers
Norms governing everyday behavior, whose violation raise comparatively little concern
Formal norms enforced by the state
A system of shared symbols; it includes speech, written characters, numberals, symbols, and nonverbal gestures and expressions
The altering of the presentation of the self in order to create distinctive appearances and satisfy particular audiences
The attitudes, viewpoints, and expectations of society as a whole that a child takes into account in his or her behavior
The feelings of disorientation, uncertainty, and even fear that people experience when they encounter unfamiliar cultural practices
The lifelong process through which people learn the attitudes, values, and behaviors appropriate for members of a particular culture
The process of discarding former behavior patterns and accepting new ones as part of a transition in one's life
A subculture that deliberately opposes certain aspects of the larger culture
Specialized language used by members of a group or subculture
A period of adjustment when the nonmaterial culture is still struggling to adapt to new material conditions
The use of gestures, facial expressions, and other visual images to communicate
A distinct Identity that sets us apart from others
The structure of relationships within which culture is created and shared through regularized patterns of social interaction
The idea that the language a person uses shapes his or her perception of reality and therefore his or her thoughts and actions
A ritual marking the symbolic transition from one social position to another
Expectations regarding the proper behavior, attitudes, and activities of males and females
An institution that regulates all aspects of a person's life under a single authority, such as a prison, the military, a mental hospital, or a convent
The systematic study of how biology affects human social behavior
A collective conception of what is considered good, desirable, and proper-or bad, undesirable, and improper-in a culture
Norms deemed highly necessary to the welfare of a society
Sociology Terms
The process of mentally assuming the perspective of another and responding from that imagined viewpoint
Ways of using material objects as well as customs, ideas, expressions, beliefs, knowledge, philosophies, governments, and patterns of communication
A set of cultural beliefs and practices that legitimates existing powerful social, economic, and political interests
Processes of socialization in which a person 'rehearses' for future positions, occupations, and social relationships
The viewing of people's behavior from the perspective of their own culture
The combination of existing cultural items into a form that did not exist before.
The tendency to assume that one's own culture and way of life represent what's normal or are superior to all others
The physical or technological aspects of our daily lives
The process of making known or sharing the existence of an aspect of reality
The generation of adults who simultaneously try to meet the competing needs of their parents and their children
A penalty or reward for conduct concerning a social norm
'Cultural information about how to use the material resources of the environment to satisfy human needs and desires'
An individual who is the most important in the development of the self, such as a parent, friend, or teacher
A stressful period of self-evaluation that begins at about age 40
A theory that we become who we are based on how we think others see us
The socialized self that plans actions and judges performances based on the standards we have learned from others
The acting self that exists in relation to the Me
The theory that children's thought progresses through four stages of development
A research orientation in which sociologists and other social scientists look closely at the social factors that influence people throughout their lives, from birth to death
A norm that generally has been written down and that specifies strict punishments for violators
A norm that is generally understood but not precisely recorded
The process of introducing a new idea or object to a culture through discovery or invention
An established standard of behavior maintained by a society
A segment of society that shares a distinctive patterns of mores, folkways, and values that differs from the pattern of the larger society
A gesture, object, or word that forms the basis of human communication
A common practice or belief shared by all societies
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Created Nov 3, 2010SourceReportNominate

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