Science Quiz / APES 2013 Emily Verb Ch. 3

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Can you name the APES 2013 Emily Verbrugge Ch.3?

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DefinitionTermsExtra
thin, spherical envelope of gases surronding the earth's surface
inner layer containing air that we can breath and occuring weather
absorb and release energy that warms the lower atmosphere- found in the troposphere
above earth's surface; holds ozone gas to protect from UV rays
consists of all the water on or near the earth's surface
layer/sphere where life is found
The natural level of greenhouse gases in our atmosphere, which keeps the planet about 30C warmer than it would otherwise be - essential for life as we know it.
science of how organisms react with eachother and their environment
an individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form.
many of the same organism in one area
a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment
feeding level that each organism in an ecosytem gets assigned to by ecologists
make their own nutrients from compounds from environment
the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water.
producers convert simple inorganic compounds into more complex nutrient compounds without sunlight
An organism that generally obtains food by feeding on other organisms or organic matter due to lack of the ability to manufacture own food from inorganic sources
organism that eats producers
feed on flesh of herbivores
DefinitionTermsExtra
feed on flesh of other carnivores
eat both plants and other animals
An organism whose ecological function involves the recycling of nutrients by performing the natural process of decomposition as it feeds on dead or decaying organisms
An organism that feeds on detritus or organic waste
form of respiration where oxygen id needed
form of respiration that does not require oxygen
feed on flesh of other animals
determines how chemical energy and nutrients move along the same pathways from one organism to another through trophic levels in an ecosystem
complex network of interconnected food chains
dry weight of all organic matter contained in its organisms
A graphical model that is shaped like a pyramid to show how the energy flows through a food chain, how the amount of energy is decreasing and becoming less available for organisms
the rate at which an ecosytem's producers solar energy into chemical energy in the orm of biomass found in their tissues
the rate at which producers use photosynthesis to produce and store chemical energy minus the rate that they use some energy through areobic respiration
pertains to the cycling of chemicals absorbed or ingested by organisms, and then passed along the food web and ultimately to the air, water, and soil though various mechanisms
is the continuous transfer of water from air, sea land and water in a continuous cycle. This continuous movement of water is sufficient to provide good living conditions
the circulation of carbon atoms in the biosphere as a result of photosynthetic conversion of carbon dioxide into complex organic compounds by plants
The circulation of nitrogen; nitrates from the soil are absorbed by plants which are eaten by animals that die and decay returning the nitrogen back to the soil.
The cyclical movement of sulfur in the environment, continually existing in mainly the soil, organisms or the atmosphere.

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