Science Quiz / Anthropology

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Can you name the anthropology terms??

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the scientific and humanistic study of human beings
the study of human thought, behavior, and life-ways that are learned rather than genetically transmitted and that are typical of groups of people.
the learned behaviors and symbols that allow people to live in groups; the primary means by which humans adapt to their environment; the ways of life characteristic of a particular
the process of learning to be a member of a particular cultural group.
The anthropological method of traveling to the society one wants to study and living there for a prolonged period of time to collect data first hand.
the fieldwork technique that involves gathering cultural data by observing people's behavior and participating in their lives.
the major research tool of cultural anthropology; includes both fieldwork among people in a society and the written results of such fieldwork.
things that stand for other things. Central to culture.
shared ideas about the way things ought to be done; rules of behavior that reflect and enforce culture.
shared ideas about what is true, right, and beautiful.
the notion that cultures should be analyzed with reference to their own histories and values rather than according to the values of another culture.
judging other cultures from the perspective of one's own culture. The notion that one's own culture is more beautiful, rational, and nearer to perfection than any other.
examining societies using concepts, categories, and rules derived from science; an outsider's perspective.
examining societies using concepts, categories, and distinctions that are meaningful to members of that culture.
the culture with the greatest wealth and power in a society that consists of many subcultures.
a group within a society that shares norms and values significantly different from those of the dominant culture.
the study of the different ways that cultures understand time and use it to communicate.
the analysis and study of touch.
the study of body position, movement, facial expressions, and gaze.
the total stock of words in a language.
the smallest unit of language that has a meaning.
a system for creating words from sounds.
a sound made by humans and used in any language.
the smallest significant unit in any language.
the sound system of a language.
the study of the cultural use of interpersonal space.
the hypothesis that perceptions and understandings of time, space, and matter are conditioned by the structure of a language.
the subsystem of a language that relates words to meaning.
the study of the relationship between language and culture and the ways language is used in varying social contexts.
a system of rules for combining words into meaningful sentences.
is the set of logical and structural rules that govern the composition of sentences, phrases, and words in any given natural language.
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity.
the integration of resources, labor, and capital, into a global network.
rural cultivators who produce for the subsistence of their households but are also integrated into larger, complex, state societies.
the idea that humans can combine words and sounds into new, meaningful utterances they have never before heard.
settled, living in one place.
a form of pastoralism in which the whole social group (men, women, children) and their animals move in search of pasture.
a form of pastoralism in which herd animals are moved regularly throughout the year to different areas as pasture becomes available.
the giving and receiving of goods of nearly equal value with a clear obligation of a return gift within a specified time limit.
productive resources that are used with the primary goal of increasing their owner's financial wealth.
an economic system in which people work for wages, land and capital goods are privately owned, and capital is invested for profit.
the norms governing production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services within a society.
the study of the ways in which the choices people make combine to determine how their society uses its scarce resources to produce and distribute goods and services.
giving and receiving goods with no immediate or specific return expected.
a group of people united by kinship or other links who share a residence and organize production, consumption, and distribution among themselves.
a practice, value, or form of social organization that evens out wealth within a society.
an economic system in which goods and services are bought and sold at a money price determined primarily by the forces of supply and demand.
exchange conducted for the purpose of material advantage and the desire to gain something for nothing.
The Roman Empire, The Mongolian Empire, Many Empires 
a form of redistribution involving competitive feasting practiced among Northwest Coast Native Americans
social honor or respect.
material goods, natural resources, or information used to create other goods or information.
a mutual give-and-take among people of equal status.
exchange in which goods are collected and then distributed to members of a group.
the person from who's perspective a kinship chart is viewed.
kinship studies 
a rule prescribing that a person must marry within a particular group.
a rule specifying that a person must marry outside a particular group.
prohibitions on sexual relations between relatives.
the custom whereby a man marries the widow of a deceased brother.
the custom whereby, when a man's wife dies, her sister is given to him as a wife.
the customs, rules, and obligations that establish a special relationship between a special relationship between sexually cohabiting adults, between them and any children they take
a rule that permits a person to be married to only one spouse at a time.
a rule permitting a wife to have more than one husband at a time.
a rule allowing more than one spouse.
a rule permitting a husband to have more than one wife at a time.

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