Geography Quiz / European capitals by etymology

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QUIZ: Can you name the European capitals by word origin

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'field around the saray' in Turkish
Named for the river that flows through the city, which may come from the Finnic term for 'dark' or the Mordvinian for 'bear' or the Mongolian for 'tangled'many theories of origin
Named for the hill upon which the city is built; the hill may be named for a Roman deity
Named for the man who succeeded in defending the island from an Ottoman invasion in 1565
Derived from the Celtic word meaning 'white foundation or fort'
'Black pool' in one of the official languages; the city's native name means 'town of the hurdled ford'
'New spring' in archaic version on one of the official languages
Allegedly named after a bear the founder killed
May be from the area the locals called 'the Rana' or from the name of the nearby fortress or Greek for 'dairy'many theories of origin
May be 'bear' in the official language or related to the Old Polabian stem meaning 'swamp'origin unkown
Derived from 'Danish castle' or 'winter castle' in the official language
Derived from the commercial centre in established in the 1st centuryetmology uncertain
Named after the goddess of wisdom
'Smoky Bay' in the official language
'Log islet' in the official language
Derived from the Greek term meaning 'alone', from which monastery is alone derived
A derivative of the arabic term for 'source of water'many theories of origin
Depending on the story, the family name of the founder who was either a prince, an outlaw, a fisherman, a shepherd, or a hunter; litterally translated it means 'it is beautiful'
Blend of the Celtic term for 'little' and the Germanic term for 'castle'
An abbreviation of 'the count's woods' in the official languageseat of government
May be Romanesque for 'water' or a blend of the latin for 'valley' and Dutch for 'German'
Named after the river that flows through the city, which derives its name from 'surge' in the official language
May be derived from the Phoenician phrase for 'safe harbour' or named after a pre-Roman river, or after the Greek hero 'Ulyssess'many theories of origin
'Merchant's harbour' in the official language
Named after the Celtic people who lived on the banks of the river Seine
Charlemagne christened the region after its likeness to the biblical town of Endor; the capital city means 'Endor, the old' in the official language
May be a corrupted borrowing meaning 'loop' or 'warehouse' in the official language, due to its established role in commerce between the east and the westmany theories of origin
Old Norse blend of the local tribe and 'waterfall'
Name derived from 'home in the marsh' in an official language
Belong to one of the three legendary brothers (along with Shchek and Khoryv) who founded the city
'Under the small hill' in the official language
'Belonging to Warsz' in the official language; Warsz owned a village located within the modern city limits; folk legend suggests it was a blend of the fisherman, Wars, and the merm
Named after its founder and first ruler, who killed his brother and fellow founder
Named after the last prince of Pannonian Croatia, Prince Braslav
Named after the Saint who founded a chapel and a monastery which grew into the republic
Derived from a river named 'Men', as influenced by Ukrainian, Russian, and the official language
A derivative of the ancient name from antiquity, which may date as far back as the Indo-European tribe, the Illyrian
'White City' in the official language
A mispronunciation of the Greek and Turkish names; both meaning 'white city'
'Wisdom' in ancient Greek
The blend of the two cities on either side of the Danube; on meaning 'water' and the other 'furnace'
May be derived from Croatian for 'scoop' many theories of origin based on different legends
Either 'meadow beneath the ridge' or 'meadow of the gods'
a word derived of 'a dam on a certain river' in the official language; that river's name is derived from 'area abounding with water' in an older version of the official language
From the slavic root for 'ford', referring to the the city's origin at a crossing of the Vltava River

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