History Quiz / Famous People From the Middle Ages

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King of England 1377-99. Suppressed the Wat Tyler's Rebellion and Lords Appellant, but was ultimately deposed by Henry of Bolingbroke who became Henry IV
The second Caliph who expanded the Islamic empire at an unprecedented rate during his reign 634-44
A descendant of Vikings and a duke of Normandy, he became the first Norman King of England, 1066-1087
Turko-Mongol ruler who wanted a restoration of the Mongol Empire under Islam in 1300s, and conquered most of Central-Asia
The founder and the first shogun of the Kamakura Shogunate of Japan, 1192-99
One of the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England and is usually regarded as the last king of the House of Wessex, ruling 1042-1066
King of England 1154–89, he also took control over large parts of Wales, Ireland and Western France. Had to fight his own sons during inheritance tensions
The leader of the Second Baron's War Rebellion, and became de facto ruler of England for one year, 1263-64
Eastern Roman Emperor who in 529-534 issued a collection of fundamental works in jurisprudence called 'Corpus Juris Civilis', and sought to reconquer the Western Empire
Persian polymath who wrote 'The Canon of Medicine' in 1025 which became a standard medical text at many medieval universities
Became the first Muslim Caliph following Muhammad's death in 632
King of England 1327-77. Had success in war against Scotland, and declared himself rightful heir to the French throne, which started the 100 Years' War
Pope who gave the order to start the First Christian Crusades in 1096
Norwegian who founded the first Norse settlement in Greenland c. 982
Italian author, poet, correspondent of Petrarch, and important Renaissance humanist, his most notable works being 'Decameron' and 'On Famous Women'
Reforming pope, who led the papacy into the Investiture Controversy in 1075
King of Wessex 871-899, who successfully defended his kingdom against the Vikings. Styled himself 'King of the Anglo-Saxons'
Nicknamed the 'Father of Europe', he is listed as the first king of Germany, France, and the Holy Roman Empire
The first Sultan of the Ottoman Empire 1299-1326, and the founder of the dynasty and the state that survived till 1922
13th Century Saint and Dominican friar who was referred to as the 'Angelic Doctor' of the Catholic Church
The only woman to assume the title of Empress Regent of China, and the only monarch in the Zhou Dynasty 690-705
King of England 1189-99, and various parts of France. Was a central Christian commander during the Third Crusade. Lived mostly in Aquitaine
Leader of the baronial opposition against King John during the First Baron's War 1215-17
Archbishop of Canterbury who was murdered in Canterbury Cathedral in 1170 after a conflict with the king
English theologian who was known as an early dissident in the Roman Catholic Church during the 1300s, and the leader of the Lollards
Castilian nobleman born Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, who in the 1100s became a national hero of Spain for fighting the Moors
King of Germany 1152-90, the first to use 'holy' in his title as Holy Roman Emperor from 1155
Inventor of the first known movable type, made of porcelain at that time, printing press technology c. 1041-48
The queen consort of France (1137–1152) and of England (1154–1189). Imprisoned 1173-89 for supporting her son's revolt
The second Great Khan by succeeding his father, Genghis Khan. The Mongol Empire reached its farthest extent west and south during his reign 1229-41

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