History Quiz / Famous people from the 1700s II

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Can you name the famous people from the 1700s?

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English inventor who invented the power loom in 1784 central to the Industrial Revolution
Scottish mechanical engineer whose improvements to the steam engine, from 1763 on, were fundamental to the Industrial Revolution
Scottish sailor and the United States' first well-known naval fighter in the American Revolution. Sometimes referred to as the 'Father of the US Navy'
Catalan hero and pretender to the Crown of Spain during the War of the Spanish succession. Jurist, author and commander in chief of Catalonia during the Siege of Barcelona in 1706
French finance minister under Louis XVI during the lead-up to the French Revolution
King in Prussia 1740–1786. Secured Silesia and parts of Poland as Prussian territory
Inventor of the spinning frame, which, following the transition to water power was renamed the water frame
The instigator of the unsuccessful Jacobite uprising of 1745, effectively ending the Jacobite claim to the English throne
Swedish botanist. Founded for the modern biological naming scheme of binomial nomenclature. Known as the father of modern taxonomy, and one of the fathers of modern ecology
Regarded as the national poet of Scotland, as a pioneer of the Romantic movement, and became a great source of inspiration to the founders of liberalism and socialism
As president of Congress, was the first to sign the Declaration of Independence, and is remembered for his large and stylish signature. His name is also a synonym for a signature
English romantic painter and poet, largely unrecognised during his lifetime. Considered one of the greatest British artists ever
Inventor of the first high-pressure steam engine in 1802, he also built the first full-scale working railway steam locomotive in 1804
French philosopher best known as co-founder, chief editor and contributor to the Encyclopédie along with Jean le Rond d'Alembert
English inventor who created the first practical steam engine for pumping water in 1712
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The first Hanoverian king of Britain (1714-27), and the first monarch after the Glorious Revolution, which left less power to the monarch
English author who wrote what is regarded as the first gothic novel, 'The Castle of Otranto'
Iranian military genius who became so powerful he decided to depose the Safavid dynasty, and become shah himself 1736-47
The last king of Poland 1763-95, before Poland partioned between Russia, Prussia and Austria
British stateman who led the victorious allied forces during the War of the Spanish Succession, and allowed Britain to rise from a minor to a major power
French Roman Catholic abbé who wrote the pamphlet What is the Third Estate? became the de facto manifesto of the Revolution
German female astronomer who discovered several comets. The first woman to be paid for her contribution to science and to receive honours
American inventor best known for inventing the cotton gin, a machine that separates cotton fibers from their seeds
British queen who united England and Scotland by the Acts of Union in 1707. Had 17 failed pregnancies and was therefore the last monarch of the House of Stuart
English natural philosopher who is usually credited with the discovery of oxygen, and is also known as the inventor of soda water
American general who during the American Revolutionary War defected to the British Army in 1780. His scheme to surrender West Point was exposed
American politician from Massachusetts who was a leader of the movement that became the American Revolution, often cited as the father of the Revolution
English weaver credited with inventing the spinning jenny in 1764
English clockmaker who invented the marine chronometer in 1735, a device who solved the problem of establishing the East-West position or longitude of a ship at sea
Famous Scottish folk hero and outlaw of the early 18th century, who is sometimes known as the Scottish Robin Hood

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