Famous people from the 1500s

Can you name the famous people from the 1500s

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Explorer who claimed Canada for France following three expeditions in the 1530s and 40s, and gave Canada its name
Italian Dominican friar who proposed that the Sun was a star, and claimed that the universe had an infinite number of stars
Archbishop of Canterbury under Henry VIII and established the first reformes of the Church of England. Burned as a herectic under Mary I in 1556
The longest-reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire 1520-66. He personally led Ottoman armies in conquering Belgrade, Hungary, most of the Middle East and North Africa
Spanish knight who became founder of the Jesuits, and one of the leaders of the Counter-Reformation
Daughter of the pope and a femme fatale. Married to three important men through her life, and was rumoured to have been involved in killing one of them in 1500
Spanish explorer best known for his crossing of the Panama Isthmus, becoming the first to see the Pacific Ocean from the New World
Ruler of Tenochtitlan 1502-20. During his reign the Aztec Empire reached its maximal size, but he was killed in a battle versus the Spaniards under Hernan Cortes
Spanish conquistador who explored Florida looking for the fountain of youth
Scottish monarch, from the age of six days old, 1542-67. Executed by her cousin Elizabeth I in 1587 for plotting against her
The initiator of the unification of Japan under the shogunate in the late 1500s
De facto monarch of England for nine days in 1553, as the widow of Edward VI. Imprisoned and succeded by Mary I
The main leader of the Dutch revolt in 80 Years' War in 1568, and the founder of the House of Orange-Nassau and the ancestor of the monarchy of the Netherlands
One of the most controversial of the Renaissance popes. His surname, Borgia, became a byword for libertinism and nepotism, which are characterized his papacy
The last Sapa Inca of the Inca state in Peru. He was executed by the Spanish in 1572
This man was the last ruler of the Aztec Empire when he was executed in 1525
The last Sapa Inca before the Spanish conquest. Acting as a marionett for the Spaniards, he was eventually executed, thus ending the empire
The third and greatest ruler of the Mughal Dynasty in India (1556-1605). During his rule, the empire tripled in size and wealth
English philosopher who has been called the creator of empiricism. His works established inductive methodologies for scientific inquiry, called the scientific method
Conqueror who succeeded in laying the basis for the Mughal dynasty in the Indian Subcontinent and became the first Mughal emperor
Danish astronomer who refused the belief in an unchanging celestial realm. He measured that stars were above the atmosphere and moon
The first wife of Ivan the Terrible and the first Russian tsaritsa. Her boyar father gave his name to the Romanov Dynasty
Leader of the Reformation in Switzerland, who formed an alliance against the catholics which nearly ended in a civil war in 1529
Ruler of the Holy Roman Empire 1519-56 and Spanish Empire 1516-56. An important opponent of the Reformation and oversaw the conquest of the Americas
German artist best known for his woodcuts and engravings, and regarded as the greatest artist of the Northern Renaissance
Italian writer who is considered founder of modern political science and political ethics
Lord Chancellor of England (1529–32) under Henry VIII, and a strong opponent to the Protestant Reformation, later beheaded for perjured testimony in 1535
King of France 1589-1610. Being a former Calvinist, he had to fight the Catholic League. Signing the Edict of Nantes in 1598
British explorer and pirate, who carried out the second circumnavigation of the world 1577-80
Spanish conquistador who hoped to find hoped to find the Seven Cities of Gold, but found Grand Canyon instead
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Last Updated: Apr 4, 2023

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