Science Quiz / Antiepileptic Drugs

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QUIZ: Can you name the Antiepileptic Drugs?

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HintDrug
'New' AED that acts at both Na+ and Ca2+ channels
'New' AED that inhibits glutamate function
Prolongs the inactivated state of Na+ channels; exacerbates absence and myoclonic seizures
Induces CYP3A
Metabolized by UGT
Prolongs the inactivated state of Na+ channels and inhibits glutamate release; side effects include Stevens-Johnson syndrome
'New' AED that enhances GABA function
Prolongs the inactivated state of Na+ channels; first non-sedative AED
Analog designed to eliminate the epoxide metabolite of carbamazepine; a weaker CYP3A inducer
HintDrug
'Old' AED that enhances GABA function
Metabolized by CYP2C9/10
Unknown mechanism of action; CNS side effects; no known drug interactions
Blocks T-current, prolongs the inactivated state of Na+ channels, and increases GABA levels; inhibits platelet aggregation, leading to gingival bleeding
Induces CYP2C
Blocks T-current, inhibiting 3-Hz activity; useful for absence seizures
Prolongs the inactivated state of Na+ channels, is a GABA receptor agonist, and is an AMPA/kainite receptor antagonist; side effects include nephrolithiasis and glaucoma
Induces UGT
Metabolized by CYP3A4

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