Type of 'multipliers' used to find extrema of a function, or a functional (T-V) used to calculate action for a physical system

Type of path in graph theory that visits each vertex exactly once, or an energy function/operator in physics

Type of path in a graph that visits each edge exactly once

Describes a matrix that is self-adjoint (i.e. equal to its conjugate transpose). Or a matrix with real eigenvalues.

Describes a group whose elements are commutative

Matrix of all first order partial derivatives of a vector-valued function

This determinant, defined for a set of functions, will vanish if they are linearly dependent

Another term for the normal distribution

The divergence of the gradient of a function (∇·∇Φ).

The rectangular coordinate system is also known as the _____ coordinate system.

The value separating the greater and lower half of values in a distribution

The measure of an angle that subtends a length of arc equal to the radius of the circle it belongs to

A unit of solid angle that subtends an area of r^{2} on a sphere of radius r

Type of manifold with a metric tensor defining the shortest geodesic connecting any two points

Type of inference that updates a prior probability distribution in light of new evidence

Matrix of all second-order partial derivatives of a scalar-valued function

The analogue of a Laplacian in Minkowski space ⧠^{2}f=∇^{2}f-(1/c^{2})(∂^{2}f/∂t^{2})

Unit of angle measure equal to 1/400 of a circle

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