Hard Climatology

Can you name the Hard Ass Climatology?

Classic
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Hint
Speed of Rosby waves
High atmospheric pressure with sinking air
Equatorial convection along the ITCZ that cools in the upper troposphere
The max amount of evapotranspiration that would occur for a location over time if water were not a limiting factor
Tropical with coolest month hotter than 64 deg
Sir George Henry created this model in 1735
Summarize climate info and simplify complexities that comprise the climate system are?
Monsoon rain short dry season total rainfall can support rain forest
for b climate recieves at least 70 percent of precip during cold season
Cw
Am
Main purpose of general circulation
SCC DM
Water being removed from ocean is being replaced somewhere else. This is an example of
Ice cap
warmest month less than 71.6
Winds that converge at the Equator in NH
Dw
Net Energy Deficit, High Albedo, and a inc. in air density are features of what?
SCC MP
Rosby waves are also know as?
=100(D/PE)
What transfers air masses away from their source region?
This equation requires net radiation, substrate heat flux, vapor pressure and temp resistance
Subpolar Lows and Polar Highs are what kind of Cell in the Idealized model
Precip limited, snow occurs in all seasons
Air masses are generally determined by
=100(s-d)/PE
Winds between 30-60 N/S
Aw
Steppe region with semiarid precip values
Df
SCC DT
PGF stands for
SCC DP
Af
SCC MM
hot and dry with average annual temp greater than 64
Hint
Ample precip during all seasons, where ferrel cell located
EC what is the name of the Sea in the Atlantic located under the H?
Another subtype is the........
Revised koppen system using the surface water balance model the.....developed
The idealized model made what two MAJOR assumptions?
What two air features vary that greatest between the Idealize and actual earth?
2.8% of the earths water is what?
Classification system that examines large data sets over time which maximizes the variance in the data.
Vegetation change is called what?
Confluence is associated with?
SCC MT
The movement of water through the earth atm system
DI and HI are use for Climate .....
Winds that converge at the Equaror in SH
Movement of energy, matter, and momentum from higher concentration areas to lower concentration areas
Cs
What percent of freshwater is surface water?
ET=Qe/Lvp is what equation
Midlatitude cold aka?
Microthermal with coldest month cooler than 32 and hottest month greater than 50
Cf
Classification system that uses a automated mehtod that decides the optimal # of groups
A polar region with the warmest month under 50 degress
highland
Factors that need to be implemented in the idealized model
Ample precip during all season and is influenced by the ITCZ
97.2% of the earths water is where?
Very slow water seepage deep into lithosphere that is eventually groundwater
To find TE you need to find the ratio between
A system where climate categories are predetermined by using Temp Dew pt, wind, and cloud cover
Examine expected weather patterns fro climate and note long term shifts in climate boundaries accounts for?
Climate system based on major climate controls defined by underlyin causes of the climate
Who developed the first climate classification system in 1870 based on monthly data?
In the moisture index equation S stands for........., D stands for........, and PE stands for.......
=100(S/PE)
How does airflow move?
Evaporation and transpiration, convection and advection, terrestrial and atm reservoir are part of?
Cyosphere flux, percolation/infiltration, and biomas flux are....
Hint
Warmest month greater than 71.6
Dessert where extreme minimal rainfall is expected
Thornthwaite PE estimation has two variables. They are....
P=ET+S+-(Change in soil moisture storage) is used to find the....
SCC MT+
ITCZ and Subtropical Highs are apart of What?
surface processes, soil and plant water movement but most will be evaporated back into atm
Evapotranspiration+runoff=
Distinct dry season and normally dry year round
Tundra where warmest month less than 50 but greater than 32
Winds from the north and south poles till 60N/S
Interaction between Hadley and polar cells create what?
SE and NE tradewinds provide what to the equator
Diffluence is associated with?
Mesothermal with coldest month warmer than 32 and hottest month warmer than 50
Fewer than four months greater than 50
Small systems moving within the main airflow are called
Classification system that has predetermined class boundaries that requires input data
Most widely use climate system method?
At 60 deg latitude and are a result of polar and subtropical highs
A huge body of air usually with similar temp and moisture levels
Movement of water from the soil to the atm directly or through vegetation roots
for b climate recieves at least 70 percent of precip during warm season
Estimates local surface water availability using climate factors
Horse Latitude with stagnant conditions
SCC T
General average of rosby waves at a given time?
PE estimation methods are the ...... and the ......
Winter dry season
Constantly moist rainfall through all months of year
Longwaves in the upper level westerlies characterized by wavelengths thousands of km
 
Summer dry season
Second order division are?
Midlatitude mild aka?
Cold and dry average annual temp less than 64

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