Miscellaneous Quiz / Hard Climatology

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Summarize climate info and simplify complexities that comprise the climate system are?
Cold and dry average annual temp less than 64
Cyosphere flux, percolation/infiltration, and biomas flux are....
Winds that converge at the Equator in NH
Net Energy Deficit, High Albedo, and a inc. in air density are features of what?
Subpolar Lows and Polar Highs are what kind of Cell in the Idealized model
What transfers air masses away from their source region?
Movement of energy, matter, and momentum from higher concentration areas to lower concentration areas
Thornthwaite PE estimation has two variables. They are....
Fewer than four months greater than 50
P=ET+S+-(Change in soil moisture storage) is used to find the....
Ice cap
Confluence is associated with?
Most widely use climate system method?
Midlatitude mild aka?
Diffluence is associated with?
EC what is the name of the Sea in the Atlantic located under the H?
hot and dry with average annual temp greater than 64
What percent of freshwater is surface water?
Winds that converge at the Equaror in SH
A system where climate categories are predetermined by using Temp Dew pt, wind, and cloud cover
Dessert where extreme minimal rainfall is expected
Longwaves in the upper level westerlies characterized by wavelengths thousands of km
SE and NE tradewinds provide what to the equator
Steppe region with semiarid precip values
Ample precip during all season and is influenced by the ITCZ
General average of rosby waves at a given time?
Climate system based on major climate controls defined by underlyin causes of the climate
Mesothermal with coldest month warmer than 32 and hottest month warmer than 50
Main purpose of general circulation
surface processes, soil and plant water movement but most will be evaporated back into atm
ITCZ and Subtropical Highs are apart of What?
Interaction between Hadley and polar cells create what?
Precip limited, snow occurs in all seasons
Microthermal with coldest month cooler than 32 and hottest month greater than 50
This equation requires net radiation, substrate heat flux, vapor pressure and temp resistance
High atmospheric pressure with sinking air
Summer dry season
Sir George Henry created this model in 1735
PGF stands for
A polar region with the warmest month under 50 degress
Monsoon rain short dry season total rainfall can support rain forest
Vegetation change is called what?
Midlatitude cold aka?
Another subtype is the........
Tundra where warmest month less than 50 but greater than 32
What two air features vary that greatest between the Idealize and actual earth?
Rosby waves are also know as?
Movement of water from the soil to the atm directly or through vegetation roots
Winds between 30-60 N/S
PE estimation methods are the ...... and the ......
Winter dry season
Winds from the north and south poles till 60N/S
Estimates local surface water availability using climate factors
Warmest month greater than 71.6
Air masses are generally determined by
The movement of water through the earth atm system
Ample precip during all seasons, where ferrel cell located
Who developed the first climate classification system in 1870 based on monthly data?
Factors that need to be implemented in the idealized model
DI and HI are use for Climate .....
ET=Qe/Lvp is what equation
97.2% of the earths water is where?
Tropical with coolest month hotter than 64 deg
Equatorial convection along the ITCZ that cools in the upper troposphere
To find TE you need to find the ratio between
Classification system that examines large data sets over time which maximizes the variance in the data.
Classification system that has predetermined class boundaries that requires input data
Water being removed from ocean is being replaced somewhere else. This is an example of
A huge body of air usually with similar temp and moisture levels
Constantly moist rainfall through all months of year
2.8% of the earths water is what?
Second order division are?
Examine expected weather patterns fro climate and note long term shifts in climate boundaries accounts for?
In the moisture index equation S stands for........., D stands for........, and PE stands for.......
Very slow water seepage deep into lithosphere that is eventually groundwater
Horse Latitude with stagnant conditions
Evaporation and transpiration, convection and advection, terrestrial and atm reservoir are part of?
How does airflow move?
Small systems moving within the main airflow are called
warmest month less than 71.6
At 60 deg latitude and are a result of polar and subtropical highs
Speed of Rosby waves
The max amount of evapotranspiration that would occur for a location over time if water were not a limiting factor
Classification system that uses a automated mehtod that decides the optimal # of groups
for b climate recieves at least 70 percent of precip during cold season
Distinct dry season and normally dry year round
for b climate recieves at least 70 percent of precip during warm season
The idealized model made what two MAJOR assumptions?
Revised koppen system using the surface water balance model the.....developed
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Created Mar 16, 2011ReportNominate

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