Miscellaneous Quiz / Hard Climatology

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Can you name the Hard Ass Climatology?

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Confluence is associated with?
Another subtype is the........
P=ET+S+-(Change in soil moisture storage) is used to find the....
Ample precip during all season and is influenced by the ITCZ
Second order division are?
High atmospheric pressure with sinking air
ITCZ and Subtropical Highs are apart of What?
Factors that need to be implemented in the idealized model
Most widely use climate system method?
Main purpose of general circulation
The movement of water through the earth atm system
hot and dry with average annual temp greater than 64
Dessert where extreme minimal rainfall is expected
Microthermal with coldest month cooler than 32 and hottest month greater than 50
Winter dry season
A polar region with the warmest month under 50 degress
Vegetation change is called what?
Revised koppen system using the surface water balance model the.....developed
What percent of freshwater is surface water?
2.8% of the earths water is what?
Small systems moving within the main airflow are called
Tundra where warmest month less than 50 but greater than 32
Winds that converge at the Equator in NH
Horse Latitude with stagnant conditions
Ample precip during all seasons, where ferrel cell located
PE estimation methods are the ...... and the ......
A huge body of air usually with similar temp and moisture levels
Sir George Henry created this model in 1735
warmest month less than 71.6
Diffluence is associated with?
What transfers air masses away from their source region?
Tropical with coolest month hotter than 64 deg
Speed of Rosby waves
To find TE you need to find the ratio between
Movement of energy, matter, and momentum from higher concentration areas to lower concentration areas
Water being removed from ocean is being replaced somewhere else. This is an example of
Winds that converge at the Equaror in SH
Distinct dry season and normally dry year round
Winds between 30-60 N/S
Thornthwaite PE estimation has two variables. They are....
for b climate recieves at least 70 percent of precip during cold season
Net Energy Deficit, High Albedo, and a inc. in air density are features of what?
ET=Qe/Lvp is what equation
This equation requires net radiation, substrate heat flux, vapor pressure and temp resistance
Evaporation and transpiration, convection and advection, terrestrial and atm reservoir are part of?
Classification system that uses a automated mehtod that decides the optimal # of groups
Classification system that examines large data sets over time which maximizes the variance in the data.
Winds from the north and south poles till 60N/S
Examine expected weather patterns fro climate and note long term shifts in climate boundaries accounts for?
Midlatitude cold aka?
for b climate recieves at least 70 percent of precip during warm season
Cold and dry average annual temp less than 64
DI and HI are use for Climate .....
What two air features vary that greatest between the Idealize and actual earth?
Movement of water from the soil to the atm directly or through vegetation roots
97.2% of the earths water is where?
Who developed the first climate classification system in 1870 based on monthly data?
Fewer than four months greater than 50
Rosby waves are also know as?
Midlatitude mild aka?
The max amount of evapotranspiration that would occur for a location over time if water were not a limiting factor
Climate system based on major climate controls defined by underlyin causes of the climate
How does airflow move?
PGF stands for
EC what is the name of the Sea in the Atlantic located under the H?
The idealized model made what two MAJOR assumptions?
Very slow water seepage deep into lithosphere that is eventually groundwater
Longwaves in the upper level westerlies characterized by wavelengths thousands of km
Classification system that has predetermined class boundaries that requires input data
In the moisture index equation S stands for........., D stands for........, and PE stands for.......
Monsoon rain short dry season total rainfall can support rain forest
Warmest month greater than 71.6
Summarize climate info and simplify complexities that comprise the climate system are?
Precip limited, snow occurs in all seasons
Constantly moist rainfall through all months of year
Estimates local surface water availability using climate factors
General average of rosby waves at a given time?
Cyosphere flux, percolation/infiltration, and biomas flux are....
At 60 deg latitude and are a result of polar and subtropical highs
A system where climate categories are predetermined by using Temp Dew pt, wind, and cloud cover
surface processes, soil and plant water movement but most will be evaporated back into atm
Summer dry season
Mesothermal with coldest month warmer than 32 and hottest month warmer than 50
Ice cap
Air masses are generally determined by
Steppe region with semiarid precip values
Equatorial convection along the ITCZ that cools in the upper troposphere
SE and NE tradewinds provide what to the equator
Subpolar Lows and Polar Highs are what kind of Cell in the Idealized model
Interaction between Hadley and polar cells create what?

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