Science Quiz / Research Block 1

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Can you name the Research Block 1?

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Entire sets of persons, objects, or events.
Taking a sample from the most convenient population.
Positive results are ...
The extent to which the experimental treatment was the sole cause of the effect.
General statements are made to explain the phenomena, which leads to a hypothesis.
Model where the researcher's interaction with his subject produces the results.
Name one of the three forms of experimental design
Organizational structure by which we formulate questions and answers during experiments.
Uses systematic observation, measurement, and experimentation to distinguish between competing scientific theories.
Control of all variables is key to an experiment's...
Sampling method where the population is divided into two or more stra or groups with different categories of a characteristic, to decrease bias when one group is larger than anothe
An interview in which the phrasing and order of questions are redefined as you go.
An educated guess.
Hypotheses tested under controlled conditions.
Use of records that are already established or collected in the past.
Allows conclusions to be applied to larger, broader groups.
Prevents researcher from exerting unintended effect on dependent variable.
A hypothesis in which the descriptors indicate the direction of the study.
Name one of the four types of non-probability sampling.
Structured research design is similar to a experiment, but usually lacks randomization.
Model where definitions evolve throughout the course of research.
Effects change in other variables.
Translates the problem and purpose into a clear explanation or prediction of the expected outcomes of the study.
Samples most accessible from target sampling
Belief that research should be conducted via observation.
Variables that could have an effect, but which we do not wish to study
Does not allow identification of control and experimental group to either participants or researchers.
Used because study subjects can unwillingly alter their normal behaviour while in a study
Research motivated by curiosity.
A hypothesis that predicts the presence of a relationship, but does not predict the direction.
The larger the sample size, the lower the ...
Group in true experimental design to not receive treatment. Serves to provide comparison.
Characterized by little or no control of extraneous nuisance variables.
Effect of the independent variable.
Important to assure readers that the researcher had no effect on the study
Name one of the four characteristics of the Scientific Method.
Orderly, systematic, and controlled approach to obtaining empirical information and testing ideas.
Weak design that is nevertheless useful for pilot studies to gain understanding of variables surrounding a problem.
This specifies variables to be manipulated, identifies the subject population, directs the conduct of the study, and narrows the field of research.
Sampling method used in large geographic areas.
Research model that uses an informal literary style to report findings.
An interview where the wording and order are the same for all respondants.
Every unit of the population must have the same chance of entering the study.
A paradigm where the researcher does nothing to influence his findings.
Part of population with characteristics of interest
Same observer rates the same patients twice, resulting in similar results.
Single unit of target population
Target population that is accessible to you.
White coat syndrome affects what part of internal validity?
Involves placebo use.
Means to gain decent results on a population without polling every member of that population.
Group in true experimental design to receive treatment.
A type of probability sampling in which every unit has the same chance of being chosen.
A research model that produces quantitative data and uses deductive reasoning.
Extent to which research and conclusions apply to the real world.
Logical thought process of reasoning from generalizations
Comparing, contrasting, and combining results from different studies to identify patterns and resolves points of disagreement.
Has the same essential structure as the article but renders the points in a simplified format
Used when there are only a few subjects for a study and they are difficult to find.
Statement of predicted relationship between three or more variables.
Different from validity in that it measures how results are applicable outside the sample group.
Minimization of the likelihood of a chance result
Degree to which measures are free from error and yield consistent results.
Describe the relationship type. Feeding rats large quantities of warfarin results in them hemorrhaging on the inside.
Statement of predicted relationship between two variables.
Research model that uses inductive reasoning.
Name the type of relationship. Omitting coffee from a morning routine is found to also decrease smoking.
Name one of the two major styles of research paradigms
Allows experiments to be repeated and validated by other researchers.
Refers to the accuracy of your study's results.
Rely on experts to give you information
A research model that gives resports in a formal style
Use of both quantitative and qualitative methods to collect data.
Statistical measure given as a percent expressing how confident you are in the results of a study.
An action plan that describes work to be done in a discipline.
When the awareness of being in a study alters a subject's response or behaviour.
A probability sampling method which uses a sample interval to chose a sample.
Statement that specify nature of relationship between sets of observations.
Characteristic of research that changes values depending on the circumstances.
Question that allows expansion of answers
Examines data collected in the present, a stronger form of study due to greater control
Sampling method with unknown probability that each unit of population will be included, can lead to bias.
Changing one variable causes the other to change. Describes a ... relationship
Explain the hypothesis and help to predict events.
Name one of the two key attributes of the positivist paradigm.
When conducting a search with Boolean logic, AND takes precedence over OR. True or false?
Process of recognizing or observing a pattern and then drawing a conclusion
One can generalize that a sample of the population represents the entire population
Summarize what is to be achieved by the study, and clarify variables.
When the accessible population is not equivalent to the intended target population, this affects the...
Samples chosen on qualities the researcher thinks are important
Evidence must be rooted in objective reality.
Name one of the four types of probability sampling
Assumes no relationship between the two variables.
Investigator identifies problem to be investigated, measures and quantifies data related to the problem, collects and analyzes the data, and forms a conclusion.
States the expected relationship between variables expected as the study's outcome.
Research that contributes directly to modification of present practices.
Design that involves manipulation of variables, randomization, and controlled conditions.
A relationship in which changing one variable changes the other.
Sampling method where an expert uses their judgement to choose a sample, which is dangerous for medical studies with a smaller sample.
When the expectations of the study are conveyed to patient's and alter the study's outcome.
A study in which the researcher observes a situation without manipulating it.
Must be eliminated or reduced, or else they can interfere with the findings of your research.
Assumes that all traits or characteristics of organisms can be quantified.
No control measures or randomization are used in this study method.
High correlation between two or more researchers in assessing the subjects.
Process of eliminating influences that can jeapordize the findings of your research.
Question with a predetermined response.

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