Science Quiz / Research Block 1

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Can you name the Research Block 1?

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Orderly, systematic, and controlled approach to obtaining empirical information and testing ideas.
Process of eliminating influences that can jeapordize the findings of your research.
Samples chosen on qualities the researcher thinks are important
Research that contributes directly to modification of present practices.
Uses systematic observation, measurement, and experimentation to distinguish between competing scientific theories.
A type of probability sampling in which every unit has the same chance of being chosen.
Hypotheses tested under controlled conditions.
Question with a predetermined response.
Means to gain decent results on a population without polling every member of that population.
Rely on experts to give you information
Refers to the accuracy of your study's results.
Different from validity in that it measures how results are applicable outside the sample group.
The extent to which the experimental treatment was the sole cause of the effect.
Effect of the independent variable.
Process of recognizing or observing a pattern and then drawing a conclusion
An educated guess.
Examines data collected in the present, a stronger form of study due to greater control
Does not allow identification of control and experimental group to either participants or researchers.
Extent to which research and conclusions apply to the real world.
Degree to which measures are free from error and yield consistent results.
A relationship in which changing one variable changes the other.
Sampling method where the population is divided into two or more stra or groups with different categories of a characteristic, to decrease bias when one group is larger than anothe
Important to assure readers that the researcher had no effect on the study
Target population that is accessible to you.
Positive results are ...
Changing one variable causes the other to change. Describes a ... relationship
When the accessible population is not equivalent to the intended target population, this affects the...
Name one of the four characteristics of the Scientific Method.
Group in true experimental design to receive treatment.
Prevents researcher from exerting unintended effect on dependent variable.
Name the type of relationship. Omitting coffee from a morning routine is found to also decrease smoking.
Model where the researcher's interaction with his subject produces the results.
An interview where the wording and order are the same for all respondants.
Research model that uses inductive reasoning.
Allows conclusions to be applied to larger, broader groups.
When the expectations of the study are conveyed to patient's and alter the study's outcome.
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Model where definitions evolve throughout the course of research.
A study in which the researcher observes a situation without manipulating it.
The larger the sample size, the lower the ...
Samples most accessible from target sampling
A paradigm where the researcher does nothing to influence his findings.
No control measures or randomization are used in this study method.
Summarize what is to be achieved by the study, and clarify variables.
Statement that specify nature of relationship between sets of observations.
Must be eliminated or reduced, or else they can interfere with the findings of your research.
Use of both quantitative and qualitative methods to collect data.
Allows experiments to be repeated and validated by other researchers.
Belief that research should be conducted via observation.
Has the same essential structure as the article but renders the points in a simplified format
When conducting a search with Boolean logic, AND takes precedence over OR. True or false?
Comparing, contrasting, and combining results from different studies to identify patterns and resolves points of disagreement.
A hypothesis that predicts the presence of a relationship, but does not predict the direction.
Group in true experimental design to not receive treatment. Serves to provide comparison.
Taking a sample from the most convenient population.
Entire sets of persons, objects, or events.
Name one of the two major styles of research paradigms
Assumes no relationship between the two variables.
Same observer rates the same patients twice, resulting in similar results.
Sampling method where an expert uses their judgement to choose a sample, which is dangerous for medical studies with a smaller sample.
Evidence must be rooted in objective reality.
Question that allows expansion of answers
A research model that gives resports in a formal style
Name one of the four types of probability sampling
Research motivated by curiosity.
Characteristic of research that changes values depending on the circumstances.
Sampling method used in large geographic areas.
An interview in which the phrasing and order of questions are redefined as you go.
Single unit of target population
White coat syndrome affects what part of internal validity?
Characterized by little or no control of extraneous nuisance variables.
Use of records that are already established or collected in the past.
Part of population with characteristics of interest
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High correlation between two or more researchers in assessing the subjects.
When the awareness of being in a study alters a subject's response or behaviour.
Effects change in other variables.
A probability sampling method which uses a sample interval to chose a sample.
Explain the hypothesis and help to predict events.
Statement of predicted relationship between two variables.
Involves placebo use.
Every unit of the population must have the same chance of entering the study.
Weak design that is nevertheless useful for pilot studies to gain understanding of variables surrounding a problem.
One can generalize that a sample of the population represents the entire population
Variables that could have an effect, but which we do not wish to study
This specifies variables to be manipulated, identifies the subject population, directs the conduct of the study, and narrows the field of research.
Statement of predicted relationship between three or more variables.
A hypothesis in which the descriptors indicate the direction of the study.
Research model that uses an informal literary style to report findings.
Name one of the three forms of experimental design
Used when there are only a few subjects for a study and they are difficult to find.
States the expected relationship between variables expected as the study's outcome.
Name one of the four types of non-probability sampling.
Investigator identifies problem to be investigated, measures and quantifies data related to the problem, collects and analyzes the data, and forms a conclusion.
Logical thought process of reasoning from generalizations
Minimization of the likelihood of a chance result
Statistical measure given as a percent expressing how confident you are in the results of a study.
An action plan that describes work to be done in a discipline.
Assumes that all traits or characteristics of organisms can be quantified.
Control of all variables is key to an experiment's...
Structured research design is similar to a experiment, but usually lacks randomization.
Used because study subjects can unwillingly alter their normal behaviour while in a study
Design that involves manipulation of variables, randomization, and controlled conditions.
Organizational structure by which we formulate questions and answers during experiments.
Describe the relationship type. Feeding rats large quantities of warfarin results in them hemorrhaging on the inside.
Name one of the two key attributes of the positivist paradigm.
General statements are made to explain the phenomena, which leads to a hypothesis.
Sampling method with unknown probability that each unit of population will be included, can lead to bias.
A research model that produces quantitative data and uses deductive reasoning.
Translates the problem and purpose into a clear explanation or prediction of the expected outcomes of the study.

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