Miscellaneous Quiz / Yr13 Intelligence Studies

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QUIZ: Can you name the Yr13 Intelligence Studies?

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DescriptionStudy
suggested animals don't necessarily use trial and error, but think about the problem first, e.g. Sultan the chimp.
investigated knowledge attribution in chimps
Paired rats, gave one a distinctive flavoured food, and found the other would select the same food when given a choice
found twins reared together had a very similar intelligence concordance rate to twins reared apart
Researched classical conditioning using dogs: related to research into simple learning
Composed a 3 level hierarchical model. Differed from 2 level model by saying retrieval and cognitive speed aren't part of intelligence
Used self-titled boxes to teach animals using reward and punishment
Multi-factorial model with 8 intelligence domains
Found monkeys will manipulate fellow monkeys, leading them to a box with a snake in so they can eat in peace
Devised progressive matrices, wherein the same problem gets progressively harder, thus requiring greater cognitive abilities
Agreed with Galton's idea of a single 'intelligence', referring to it as general intelligence, or 'g'
Composed a 2 level hierarchial model: 'g', then 5 intelligence types
Found that children of mothers who smoked more that 20 cigarettes a day during pregnancy did badly on IQ tests, suggesting prenatal factors in intelligence
created intelligence fair assessment, aimed at testing each of Gardner's domains in a natural state (Spectrum for pre-schoolers)
Created the triarchic theory, stating that intelligence is composed of different components that assess the best way to deal with a solution, execute processes and handle info.
found significant correlation between brain size and social group (linked to evolution of intelligence)
Researched non-human intelligence, suggesting that social learning could benefit animals
DescriptionStudy
Believed intelligence was a single quality: subsequently found he was wrong by running a stall in South Kensington Museum
found brain size correlates with foraging range in animals (relates to evolution of intelligence)
Created a multi-factorial model, claiming there are seven primary mental abilities
Found lab-reared monkeys have no natural fear to snakes, but can learn this fear
examined Machiavellian intelligence in baboons
criticised behavioural approaches by pointing out preparedness cannot be accounted for
created a purely statistical intelligence test, using normal distribution. His scales are known as WISC-R
investigated chimps' ability to deceive for food
Investigated theory of mind in Chimps
Found nutrition has an effect on intelligence: children given dietary supplements had higher IQs after than those who didn't
Investigated genetics of IQ using MZ/DZ twins, though it was later suggested he made most of it up
devised the first proper intelligence test in France, leading to the creation of the I.Q.
Suggested 3 methods of assessing the genetic importance in intelligence: family studies, adoption studies and twin studies
observed monkeys imitating a leader who washed potatoes before eating
Identified an increase in IQs in all cultures over the past 80 years, leading to a self titled 'effect'
Established a basic idea of what intelligence was by asking leading psychologists and members of the public to define what they thought made a person 'intelligent'
sampled 200 adults, comparing Gardner's 8 domains, finding varying correlation strengths between varying pairs

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