Science Quiz / Solvation Chemistry (Hard)

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Can you name the key terms and laws of solvation chemistry?

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To add more solvent or reduce the amount of solute
Delta T = molality x ebullioscopic constant x van't hoff factor
Used to measure the osmotic pressure of a solution
A solution with a much HIGHER concentration than that of solution within a semi-permeable membrane (such as a cell)
The pressure at which a gas will be dissolving back into solution at the same rate it is evaporating
A solution with a much LOWER concentration than that of solution within a semi-permeable membrane (such as a cell)
Describes the equilibrium point at which rate of dissolution is equal to rate of precipitation (usually in mol/kg)
The rate at which one substance is solvated by another
Mass per volume
How much of a given substance there is mixed with another substance, often referring to a solvent in a solute
The amount of light absorbed by a substance at a given wavelength is directly proportional to its concentration in a solution.
Describes the change in enthalpy when a compound is dissolved in water
The process by which molecules in a liquid state or solid state spontaneously become gaseous
A solution that contains more of the dissolved material than could be dissolved by the solvent under normal circumstances
Properties of solutions that depend on the number of molecules in a given volume of solvent and not on the properties (e.g. size or mass) of the molecules
The condition of an animal cell in a hypotonic solution
The condition of a plant cell in an isotonic solution
A concentration at which no further solute will dissolve in a solution
mol solute/sum of all mol in solution
Describes the effect on freezing point of a solution with increasing concentration
The condition of a plant cell in a hypotonic solution
The formation of a solid in a solution
The pressure that must be applied to a solution to prevent the inward flow of water across a semipermeable membrane
mol solute/L solution
The medium of a solution into which other substances are dissolved
The condition of a plant cell in a hypertonic solution
Used to measure the boiling point of solutions
Particles of a dispersed substance are only suspended in a mixture, NOT completely dissolved
mol solute/kg solvent
A substance dissolved into a solution
The condition of an animal cell in a hypertonic solution
Used to measure the light absorbance of solutions
A homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances
Two substances that form a solution when mixed in any proportion
In colligative properties calculations this variable corrects for ionic dissociation
A solution with the SAME concentration on both sides of a semi-permeable membrane
Describes the effect on vapor pressure when increasing the concentration of a solution
Reaction equivalents/L solution
The solubility of a gas in a liquid at a particular temperature is proportional to the partial pressure of that gas above the liquid
The movement of water across a semi-permeable membrane from an area of high water potential (low concentration of dissolved substances) to an area of low water potential (high conc
The scattering of light particles caused by colloids that tends to reflect blue better than other colors

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