Solvation Chemistry (Hard)

Can you name the key terms and laws of solvation chemistry?

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A substance dissolved into a solution
The amount of light absorbed by a substance at a given wavelength is directly proportional to its concentration in a solution.
The scattering of light particles caused by colloids that tends to reflect blue better than other colors
Describes the equilibrium point at which rate of dissolution is equal to rate of precipitation (usually in mol/kg)
A solution with a much HIGHER concentration than that of solution within a semi-permeable membrane (such as a cell)
Describes the effect on freezing point of a solution with increasing concentration
mol solute/kg solvent
Describes the effect on vapor pressure when increasing the concentration of a solution
Mass per volume
Describes the change in enthalpy when a compound is dissolved in water
A homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances
Used to measure the osmotic pressure of a solution
A solution that contains more of the dissolved material than could be dissolved by the solvent under normal circumstances
The rate at which one substance is solvated by another
A solution with the SAME concentration on both sides of a semi-permeable membrane
mol solute/L solution
A concentration at which no further solute will dissolve in a solution
A solution with a much LOWER concentration than that of solution within a semi-permeable membrane (such as a cell)
In colligative properties calculations this variable corrects for ionic dissociation
The pressure that must be applied to a solution to prevent the inward flow of water across a semipermeable membrane
Delta T = molality x ebullioscopic constant x van't hoff factor
How much of a given substance there is mixed with another substance, often referring to a solvent in a solute
The condition of a plant cell in an isotonic solution
The medium of a solution into which other substances are dissolved
Two substances that form a solution when mixed in any proportion
The condition of an animal cell in a hypotonic solution
Properties of solutions that depend on the number of molecules in a given volume of solvent and not on the properties (e.g. size or mass) of the molecules
The formation of a solid in a solution
Particles of a dispersed substance are only suspended in a mixture, NOT completely dissolved
To add more solvent or reduce the amount of solute
Used to measure the light absorbance of solutions
Reaction equivalents/L solution
The condition of an animal cell in a hypertonic solution
mol solute/sum of all mol in solution
The pressure at which a gas will be dissolving back into solution at the same rate it is evaporating
The solubility of a gas in a liquid at a particular temperature is proportional to the partial pressure of that gas above the liquid
Used to measure the boiling point of solutions
The condition of a plant cell in a hypertonic solution
The process by which molecules in a liquid state or solid state spontaneously become gaseous
The movement of water across a semi-permeable membrane from an area of high water potential (low concentration of dissolved substances) to an area of low water potential (high conc
The condition of a plant cell in a hypotonic solution
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Last Updated: Feb 16, 2017

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