Science Quiz / Endocrine Disorders

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Can you name the Endocrine Disorders?

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SymptomsDisorderAssociated Hormone(s)
Occurs in adults: caused by a benign pituitary tumor (adenoma).Excess GH
Occurs in children: caused by a benign pituitary tumor (adenoma).Excess GH
Loss of pituitary functions: ceasing of menstrual periods, infertility, fatigue, and intolerance to stress/infection.Pituitary Hormones
Milky discharge from the breasts of men or women who are not breastfeedingExcess Prolactin
Inhibited production of one or many of the following: GH, LH, FSH, TSH and ACTHPituitary Hormones
Feel weak, tired, and dizzy when standing up after sitting or lying down and may develop dark skin patches. Cortisol Deficiency
Too much salt and water are lost in the urine, genital anamoliesExcess Aldosterone; Excess Androgens
The fatty covering (myelin sheath) on nerve fibers in the brain is lost, and the adrenal gland degenerates, leading to progressive neurological disability and death.Adrenal Hormones
Hypokalemia, increased blood pH (alkalosis), hypertensionExcess Aldosterone
Obesity, increased fat in the neck and shoulder area, and thin fragile skin that bruises easily and heals slowly.Excess Cortisol
The body’s pancreas does not produce enough insulinInsulin Deficiency
Glucose isn't properly processed due to insulin insensitivityInsulin Deficiency
Excess hair growthExcess Androgens
SymptomsDisorderAssociated Hormone(s)
Osteoporosis, osteomalacia, kidney stonesExcess PTH
Spasms, tetany, seizuresPTH Deficiency
Menstrual cramps severe enough to prevent participation in normal activities Excess Prostaglandins
Predispose people to develop benign tumors of the endocrine glandsMany
Bone loss and weaknessDecreasing Estrogens
If untreated may lead to infertility, excessive hair growth, acne, obesity, diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, abnormal bleeding from the uterus, and cancer.Excess Androgens
Caused by lack of iodine in dietThyroxine Deficiency; Excess TSH
Autoantibody 'thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin' (TSI) mimics the action of TSH on the thyroidIncreased Thyroid Hormones
Autoimmune attack on thyroid causes it to become swollen and unable to synthesize sufficient hormoneDecreased Thyroid Hormones
Any condition in which the thyroid is overactiveIncreased Thyroid Hormones
Any condition in which the thyroid is underactiveDecreased Thyroid Hormones
Thyroid deficiency in newborns can lead to growth failure and permanent mental retardationThyroxine Deficiency
Reduced thyroid function due to a failure to convert sufficient T4 to T3T3 Deficiency

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Created Oct 31, 2009ReportNominate
Tags:disorder, endocrine, hormone, symptom

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