Science Quiz / 'W', 'X', 'Y', and 'Z' in Geology

Random Science or Geology Quiz

Can you name the answers to these Geology questions where all of the answers begin with 'W', 'X', 'Y', or 'Z'?

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The world's first national park; famous for hot springs, geysers, forested mountains, and wildlife
A tributary that parallels the main channel of a stream for a considerable distance
The sulfide mineral sphalerite is the most common ore for this element
A hard and durable nesosilicate mineral commonly used to date rocks that are billions of years old (#2 above)
A crystal that does not have uniform color or composition (e.g., the tourmaline in #1 above)
A group of hydrous aluminosilicates that are similar to the feldspars; they fuse and swell when heated
Removal of surface water or groundwater for human use
The father of biogeography, independently developed the theory of natural selection - no beagles needed
A stream bed (often in a steep-sided valley) that is dry except during the rainy season (#3 above)
A technique used to identify minerals and other crystalline materials by bombarding them with X-rays*
Greenland warmed 10°C in a decade at the end of this famous near-glacial period about 11,500 years ago
The breakdown of rocks, soil, and minerals by interactions with Earth's atmosphere, waters, and organisms
Prefix used to describe coal or opal that maintains the original wood grain structure
This gemstone forms during regional metamorphism and hydrothermal alteration; tanzanite is one variety
A level beneath the Earth's surface, below which all pore spaces are filled with water
His theory of Continental Drift was the forerunner to the modern theory of Plate Tectonics
This mostly submerged mass of continental crust in the southern Pacific Ocean may qualify as a continent
A pre-existing rock that has been incorporated into magma without being melted (#4 above)

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