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Can you name the NSL Government AP Exam Review Topics?

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Definition/QuestionAnswer
Decides whether bills that require federal spending will be funded
No discrimination on the basis of gender (usually in sports) for a school that receives government funding.
Life-long process of acquiring political beliefs
Set regulations for discharge of waste in water
Several government officials who discuss the economy and different plans to ensure its stability with the President; usually includes chairman of federal reserve, sec of treasury,
Powers given to both national and state governments
Outlawed discrimination in public accommodations.
Provided for automatic across-the-board spending cuts to take effect if the president and Congress failed to reach established targets. This law was declared unconstitutional.
Acts of Congress establishing, continuing, or changing government programs
Powers specifically stated in the Constitution
How an individual thinks about political issues
If you're held captive, the ___ forces the government to tell you why
This occurs when Congress adjorns before the 10 day span the president has to review a bill
The pattern of spending, taxing, and providing grants in the federal system is known as...
Amendment that repeals prohibition
The process including both primary and general elections
An organization of people with shared policy goals
Amendment that says that states are immune from suits from out of state citizens and out of state foreigners
Congress monitoring the bureaucracy and administration of policy
Amendment that protects the right to a fair and speedy trial by jury, rights to be told the charges, confront the accuser, obtain witnesses and retain counsel
Older people are more likely to vote than younger people. This is an example of what?
Declassifies federal documents to the public
Powers that neither the federal nor state governments have
Displacement of a majority party by a minority party
A 1935 law passed during the Great Depression that was intended to provide a minimal level of sustenance to older Americans and thus save them from poverty
Equality in voting, Effective Participation, Enlightened understanding, and citizen control of agenda.
This body of the government is able to impeach the president
(Title IX) prohibits gender discrimination in educational activities that receive federal funds
A way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government have formal authority over the same area and people
interests for a smaller constituency; eg. casework and credit claiming of a congressperson for their constituents
Federal grants that can be used only for specific purposes for state and local spending (strings attached)
An excess of federal expenditures over federal revenues
How people generally vote in an election.
President refuses to spend funds as appropriated by Congress
Acts of Congress funding programs within limits of authorization bills
Casework is the most common form of...
The degree to which bureaucrats are held accountable for the power they excercise
Set new standards for ambient air quality and new limits on emissions
Presidential nominee who must be confirmed by Senate majority. Serve for lifetime 'during good behavior' unless convicted of impeachment by Congress
Amendment that limits the president to 2 terms in office
Those who already hold office.
Elections used to select which candidate actually gets the office
Parties other than the democratic and republican parties
Author of Democracy in America
An important task for new members of Congress is to find a committee to be on. Committees are divided proportionally to the number of seats each party holds in the chamber (if dems
Amendment that defines citizenship, contains the due process and equal protection clauses, deals with post Civil War issues
A policy designed to give special attention to or compensatory treatment for members of some previously disadvantaged group
When candidates from a president's party are swept into office upon the president's election
When a bill must be revised because the houses passed it in different versions, it goes to one of these
Amendment that protects the right to trial by jury in civil cases
People from this branch propose a budget to congress, sign the budget, and spend the money.
An organization of people trying to elect politicians into office
A resolution binding Congress to a total expenditure level, supposedly the bottom line of all federal spending for all programs.
Someone who doesn't join a group because they can benefit without actually being a member is a...
Amendment that protects the freedoms of speech, religion, press, rights to assemble, petition the government
Powers that each branch of government have over the other branches
Institutions that spread information among many people
The tendency of states to try to get an early primary election date is called...
Amendment that prohibits poll taxes
Amendment that protects the right to due process, prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy
A program added to the Social Security system in 1965 that provides hospitalization insurance for the elderly and permits older Americans to purchase inexpensive coverage for docto
Separation of church and state
How Congress and the President impact the Economy through the budget
Certain ethnic groups tend to vote more, certain groups vote for a particular party more (Jews mostly vote democratic)
Expenditures that are determined not by a fixed amount of money appropriated by Congress but by how many eligible beneficiaries there are for a program or by previous obligations o
Powers once given to the Federal government pass to the states under ____.
Amendment that prohibits the forced quartering of soldiers
A type of democracy where there are a few leaders representing the will of many.
Amendment that prohibits excessive fines, bail, and cruel and unusual punishment
Congress has the power to regulate interstate commerce
A question on a ballot asking if a given law or policy should continue
Crossing out parts of a bill before signing it
When a politician releases a bit of information to see how the public reacts
Amendment that revises presidential election procedures
Elections used to select which candidate actually gets the office
A policy designed to ensure competition and prevent monopoly, which is the control of a market by one company
Amendment that changes the dates when Congressional and Presidential terms start
Phrase used to determine outcome of the Schenck v. US decision
What part of the electoral process only applies to Presidential elections?
Choice government makes in response to political issue
Judges play minimal policymaking roles, leaving it up to legislators
Prohibits discrimination against disabled people in emplyment, public accommodations, and housing. (Took effect in 1992)
Set limits of 2 years at a time and 5 years for a lifetime for federal aid/Tried to move people off welfare & into jobs.
Oversees preparation of the federal budget in the executive branch
Amendment that defines the order of Presidential succession
'A government...derives its power from the...'
Legitimacy of the state is created by the will of people, who are the source of political power
Allowed federal government to enforce voting rights in states with a history of discrimination (black registration rates increased drastically afterwards)
Four out of nine judges can grant a writ of certiorari
Regular members of the party who don't hold any special office and aren't too active except for voting.
State must respect all legal rights owed to a person
What data is used in the redistricting process?
What party a voter says they are a part of
By what margin must Congress approve amendments?
Changing of district boundaries or creation of a new district after a census
All the money borrowed by the federal government over the years and still outstanding
Government agency responsible for some sector of the economy, making and enforcing rules to protect public interest
A slow change from conflict thinking to cooperative thinking in foreign policy
The powers of declaring war, regulating interstate commerce, and taxing belong to...
Laws that allow public access to public policy-making meetings/transparency
Amendment that limits the powers of the federal government to those delegated by the Constitution
A type of lawsuit that allows a small number of people to sue on behalf of a larger group of similarly situated people
Committees that are either temporary or permanent and have a focused responsibility
Policies for which Congress has obligated itself to pay X level of benefits to Y number of recipients.
When someone talks and talks and talks to delay debate on a bill
A person who acts on the behalf of others to try to influence the decision of a government decision maker.
Amendment that establishes the direct election of US Senators
Revenue losses that result from special exemptions, exclusions, or deductions on federal tax law.
Tried to guarantee the same rights in men and women, failed to get ratified by all the states
A description of the budget process where the best predictor of this year's budget is last year's budget, plus a little bit more
Elections to select party nominees in which voters are presented with a list of candidates from all parties
Amendment that allows the federal government to collect income tax
No one person is above the law. Nuff said.
A funding vehicle created by the 1974 campaign reforms. Their expenditures are monitored by the FEC
Amendment that prohibits congressional pay changes from taking effect until the beginning of the next congressional session
Document that says someone be punished without trial (prohibited in original Constitution)
Judges make bold policy decisions
The ratio of what is paid for imports to what is earned from exports
Amendment that prohibits the denial of the right to vote (suffrage) based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude
7 member Board of Governors that oversees Federal Reserve Banks, establishes monetary policy (interest rates, credit, etc.), and monitors the economic health of the country
A diplomatic policy intended to isolate enemies of the US (used in Cold War)
Shares of individual wages and corporate revenues collected by the government
Benefit of all
Amendment that prohibits unreasonable search and seizure and says that search warrants may only be issued if there is probable cause
An economic system in which individuals and corporations, not the government, own the principal means of production and seek profits
A group of delegates from the states that decides the result of the presidential elections. Each state gets one elector for every representative and senator they have (# of reps +
First ten amendments of the Constitution
Amendment that establishes women's suffrage
A hierarchial authority structure that uses task specialization, operates on the merit principle, and behaves with impersonality
Amendment that protects rights not enumerated in the constitution
A liberal interpretation of the Constitution
Choosing among alternatives requires that the majority's desire be respected
Evidence, no matter how incriminating, cannot be included in a trial if obtained illegally
What fraction of states must ratify an amendment for it to pass?
Laws that expire after a period of time unless renewed
The range of public belief on policy and politics
What the president does if he does not want a bill to become law
Bureaucratic agencies, interest groups, and congressional (sub)committees dominate policymaking
Founding fathers who contributed to the Constitution
Allows Congress to do things that are 'necessary and proper'
Laws that punish people for doing things before they were against the law
Amendment that abolishes slavery and involuntary servitude except as punishment for a crime
The authority of administrative actors to select among various responses to a given problem
Established national supremacy
A government in which the central government delegates only the powers it wants to to the local or state governments, as opposed to a federal government in which the government can
A person who is running for office
States must respect official documents and judgments made by other states
certain restrictions should be placed on government to protect the natural rights of citizens.
Individuals who are highly active in promoting a party and its candidates.
Which amendment gave all powers prohibited to the federal government to the states?
The Supreme Court has what type of jurisdiction?
A _____ is needed for the supreme court to hear a case
Prohibits unequal pay for men and women for the same job.
De facto tradition where the senator in the President's party from the state where the nominee will serve holds great power in the nomination process
Government spending of revenues
rights guaranteed in Miranda v. Arizona
Amendment that establishes the minimum voting age at 18
A policy document allocating burdens (taxes) and benefits (expenditures)
Powers that the Federal Government has by default
Committees that handle bills in different policy areas
The powers of approving treaties and trying impeached officials belong to...
The financial resources of the government
Changing the boundaries of congressional districts or adding new ones
How the Federal Reserve Boad impacts the economy throught the manipulation of the money supply
Amendment that allows Washington, DC to be represented in the electoral college
This term describes the pattern that women are more likely to support Democratic candidates
Attempting to gain votes to win an election for an office
The committee that reviews all bills in the house.
Legal briefs that can be submitted by anyone other than a litigant
When 60 members vote to stop a filibuster in the senate
A proposal that voters get on the ballot by amassing a certain number of signatures.
Prohibits discrimination against any person because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, or national origin in the sale, rental, leasing, financing and adverti
Powers given to states
Amendment that establishes the Prohibition of alcohol
Applying the Bill of Rights onto the state legislatures on a case-by-case basis
Amendment that protects the right to bear arms
Domestic penalties applied to one country i.e. tariffs, trade barriers, import duties, import/export quotas, and embargos
No branch of government can control everything, power is equally divided between branches
Used to select the candidate for the party's nomination.
A government organization that provides a service that could be provided by the private sector and typically charges for its services
Oversees preparation of the federal budget in the legislative branch
The powers of initiating revenue bills and passing articles of impeachment belong to...
Committees that exist in only a few policy areas and draw membership from the Senate and House
Massachusetts Revolutionary War veterans were upset that they weren't going to receive their pensions
People are free to practice any religion
There must be a secular interest for a religious institution to receive public monies according to the ___
The ability of individuals to influence the political process
Groups that inform the public about the activities of the government

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