History Quiz / key dates in British History (1701-2005)

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QUIZ: Can you name the Dates of British History?

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Guglielmo Marconi is awarded a patent for radio communication
Britain and France declare war on Russia and the Crimean War begins
The 'Taff Vale' case leads to the birth of the Labour party
British convicts start being transported to penal colonies overseas
Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden resigns and is replaced by Harold Macmillan
Sir Robert Walpole becomes the first prime minister
Idi Amin expels Uganda's Asians and many settle in Britain
Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald resigns in a row over the budget
Rumours emerge that William Gladstone supports 'Home Rule' for Ireland
Prime Minister David Lloyd George resigns as his wartime coalition breaks up
Labour wins the general election with Clement Attlee as prime minister
Act of Union of England and Scotland is ratified
Parliament passes a bill to abolish slavery in the British empire
Sir Robert Peel forms a Conservative government
'Plaid Cymru' is formed to disseminate knowledge of the Welsh language
Berlin Airlift begins after Soviet forces blockade the city
All women over the age of 21 get the vote
Royal Navy defeats a French and Spanish fleet at the Battle of Trafalgar
'Bonnie Prince Charlie' lands in Scotland to claim the British throne
Working class 'Blanketeers' mount a march to London
Education becomes compulsory for children under ten
Isambard Kingdom Brunel's Saltash railway bridge links Devon and Cornwall
John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, defeats the French at Blenheim, Bavaria
Conservative Andrew Bonar Law becomes prime minister
Britain holds its first census
IRA bombers strike at the Conservative conference in Brighton
Butler Act creates free secondary education
Third Reform Act stops short of creating a male democracy
Sir Stafford Cripps goes to India to offer post-war self-government
First British use of poison gas, at Loos, France
Radical artisans form the London Corresponding Society
Sinn Fein sets up its own parliament, the 'Dáil Eireann', in Dublin
Prime Minister Viscount Melbourne resigns and sparks a political crisis
British soldiers kill hundreds of unarmed Indian civilians at Amritsar, India
World's first municipal park opens in Birkenhead, Merseyside
Britain declares war on Spain and the 'War of Jenkins's Ear' begins
George V dies and is succeeded by Edward VIII
Tanks are used for the first time, by the British at Flers, France
Corn Laws are introduced to protect British agriculture
Handel's 'Messiah' gets its first performance, in Dublin
Education funding becomes linked to pupils' results
Slavery is effectively outlawed in England
Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden resigns over the 'appeasement' of Italy
National Eisteddfod Association holds its first meeting
Allied leaders shape the post-war world at the Yalta Conference
Watson and Crick publish their discovery of the structure of DNA
First women priests are ordained by the Church of England
German gunboat provokes the 'Agadir crisis' with France
Church of Scotland splits over separation of church and state
Jacobites are defeated at Culloden, the last battle on British soil
First edition of 'The Times' of London is published
'Gordon Riots' break out in protest against the Catholic Relief Act
'Factory Age' begins with the opening of Britain's first cotton mill
Allied forces land in Normandy on D-Day, starting the liberation of France
Charles Dickens' 'Oliver Twist' is published
Conservative Stanley Baldwin becomes prime minister
Irish Land Act gives rights to tenants
British colony of Singapore surrenders to Japanese forces
Major national industries are privatised
Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin
Suez Canal opens, linking the Mediterranean and the Red Sea
Second Land Act reforms Irish property law
British troops attempt to suppress Toussaint L'Ouverture's rebellion in Haiti
Conservative Sir Alec Douglas-Home becomes prime minister
Jarrow men march to London to highlight local poverty and unemployment
Gresford Mine Disaster kills 266 in North Wales
Britain's coal industry is nationalised
Irish potato famine begins
First Allied troops land in Europe as invasion of Sicily begins
India gains independence from Britain
George I dies and is succeeded by the second Hanoverian king, George II
Concorde, the world's first supersonic airliner, makes its maiden flight
William Pitt the Younger's government outlaws Trade Unions
Chancellor David Lloyd George introduces the 'People's Budget'
William Gladstone disestablishes the Church of Ireland
Indian province of Bengal passes into British control after the Battle of Plassey
'Boston Tea Party' heightens tensions in North American colonies
Congress of Berlin aims to settle European problems
Winston Churchill becomes prime minister of the coalition government
George IV dies and is succeeded by his brother William IV
Sir Satyenda Prassano Sinha becomes the first Indian peer
George III succeeds his grandfather George II
Strikes paralyse Britain during the so-called 'Winter of Discontent'
Poaching becomes a capital offence
Charles Darwin's 'On the Origin of Species' is published
Tacky leads a slave rebellion in Jamaica
Voting by secret ballot is introduced
First fleet of convicts sails to Australia
'Lusitania' is sunk by a German submarine
Anne dies and George I accedes to the throne
Conservatives win the general election, with Edward Heath as prime minister
National Health Service is established
George III dies and is succeeded by George IV
Sir Robert Walpole resigns as prime minister
12-month 'Miners' Strike' over pit closures begins
'Titanic' sinks with the loss of 1,503 lives
Society of United Irishmen rebel against British rule in Ireland
Tay Bridge collapses in gale force winds
Committee for the Abolition of the Slave Trade is formed
'Balfour Declaration' gives British support to a Jewish homeland in Palestine
Racial tensions spark riots in Brixton and other areas
Members of the Bengal army mutiny in India
133 Africans are thrown overboard the slave ship 'Zong'
Former slave Olaudah Equiano publishes his autobiography
Income tax is introduced for the first time during peacetime
Radical journalist John Wilkes is arrested for criticising the king
Britain goes to war with France following the execution of Louis XVI
Elizabeth II succeeds her father, George VI
British mandate of Mesopotamia becomes the Kingdom of Iraq
Britain 'abolishes' the slave trade
1,000 people are killed in the Belfast Blitz
Second Boer War begins in South Africa
Abortion and homosexuality are legalised
John Osborne's play 'Look Back in Anger' is staged
The Great Exhibition opens at the Crystal Palace in Hyde Park, London
William III dies and Anne accedes to the throne
Excise crisis shakes Sir Robert Walpole's administration
American colonists are taxed on imports
Decimalised currency replaces 'pounds, shillings and pence'
American War of Independence begins
Parliament rejects William Wilberforce's bill to abolish the slave trade
Labour wins the general election with Ramsay Macdonald as prime minister
Worsening pollution prompts the passing of the Clean Air Act
Married women obtain the right to acquire their own property
British army kills 14 in Londonderry, Northern Ireland, on Bloody Sunday
First major 'Jacobite' rising begins
British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is created
Conservatives win a landslide election following the 'Zinoviev Letter'
First Battle of Ypres exhausts the British army
Eleven die at the Peterloo massacre in Manchester
National Insurance Act provides cover against sickness and unemployment
Scottish Nationalist Party is founded to fight for an independent Scotland
House of Lords rejects the 'People's Budget'
George II becomes the last British monarch to lead his army into battle
Liberals form a government under Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Methodist John Wesley publishes 'Thoughts Upon Slavery'
Allies defeat the Japanese at the battles of Imphal and Kohima
Olympic Games open at White City in London
Great Reform Act changes parliamentary representation
People's Charter advocates social and political reform
Victoria's husband, Prince Albert, dies aged 42
New Poor Law reforms Britain's social security system
France vetoes Britain's entry to the European Common Market
Sir William Armstrong's home becomes the first to use electric light
Britain switches on its first nuclear power station
A uniform postage rate of one penny is introduced
Conservative Stanley Baldwin becomes prime minister for the third time
IRA kill the Queen's cousin Lord Mountbatten
Anglo-Irish Peace Treaty is signed, resulting in partition of the island
Edward VIII abdicates in order to marry Wallace Simpson
Americans defeat the British army at Yorktown, Virginia
Parliament grants Catholic emancipation following repealing of the Test and Corporation Acts
Festival of Britain is opened by George VI
General Edmund Allenby leads British forces into Jerusalem
Britain's first permanent symphony orchestra is founded
Samuel Sharpe leads a massive slave revolt in Jamaica
Scotland and Wales reject devolution
Humber Bridge opens, the longest single-span bridge in the world
Riots erupt in American colonies after parliament levies 'stamp' taxes
'Entente Cordiale' is signed between Britain and France
'Dieppe Raid' ends in disaster for the Allies
Britain declares war on Germany in response to the invasion of Belgium
Edward VII dies and is succeeded by George V
Herbert Asquith forms a coalition government
Scottish landlords start evicting tenants in the Highland Clearances
English, Dutch and Austrians sign the Treaty of the Grand Alliance
Victoria dies and is succeeded by Edward VII
Abolition of Resale Price Maintenance prompts the rise of supermarkets
William Pitt the Younger becomes prime minister
Australia, New Zealand, Canada and South Africa are recognised as autonomous
Republic of Ireland comes into being
Motorway system opens with the M6 Preston bypass
Liverpool overtakes Bristol as Britain's busiest slave trading port
Election ends in a 'hung parliament' with Harold Wilson as prime minister
Civil partnerships give same-sex couples legal rights
Britain declares war on Germany in response to the invasion of Poland
Commercial television starts with the first ITV broadcast
George VI is crowned king
William Gladstone becomes prime minister for the first time
'Black Wednesday' forces withdrawal of sterling from the ERM
Comprehensive education system is initiated
Sierra Leone is established under British rule as a home for former slaves
David Lloyd George becomes prime minister
Second Reform Act doubles the electorate
'Beveridge Report' lays the foundations for the Welfare State
United Nations comes into existence with Britain as a founder member
Naval mutinies occur at Spithead and the Nore
Herbert Asquith becomes Liberal prime minister
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel resigns after the Corn Laws are repealed
Prime Minister Harold Wilson resigns and is replaced by James Callaghan
HMS 'Hood' sunk by the German battleship 'Bismarck'
Important artists establish the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
Britain declares war on the Ottoman Empire
First British high commissioner of Palestine is appointed
Lord North becomes prime minister
House of Lords loses its power of veto over legislation
World War One ends when Germany signs an armistice
Battle of the Somme begins with a British and French attack
Irish rebels of the 'Easter Rising' seize the post office in Dublin
Conservatives win the general election, with Sir Anthony Eden as prime minister
Britain and France invade Egypt after nationalisation of the Suez Canal
Slavery is 'abolished' in the British empire
Irish nationalist John Mitchel is arrested for treason
Victoria is declared empress of India
Parish councils are created
Britain begins to evacuate loyalists from American colonies
Act of Settlement places the House of Hanover in line for the English throne
Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, defeats Napoleon at Waterloo
French Revolution begins with the storming of the Bastille
World's first steam locomotive passenger service begins
'Lib-Lab' pact enables Labour to break into national politics
New law introduces secular school boards
Conservative Margaret Thatcher becomes Britain's first female prime minister
Treaty of Utrecht ends a decade of war in Europe
Luddite protesters attack industrial machinery in protest against unemployment
Oswald Mosley founds the British Union of Fascists
Riots break out over the parliamentary Reform Bill
'Cambridge spies' surface in Moscow
Lady Astor becomes the first woman to take her seat in parliament
Britain tests its first hydrogen bomb
Treaty of Vereeniging ends the Second Boer War
Penitentiary Act authorises state prisons
Factory Act restricts work hours for women and children
Death penalty is abolished
'South Sea Bubble' bursts and triggers a financial panic
Robert Stephenson's Britannia Tubular Bridge is opened
Ghana becomes the first British colony in Africa to gain independence
Joseph Lister writes on antiseptics in 'The Lancet'
Post-war immigration from the Commonwealth begins
Victoria comes to the throne after the death of William IV
Olympic Games open at Wembley Stadium in London
Municipal Corporations Bill creates town councils
Decisive British victory over German forces at Battle of El Alamein, Egypt
British West Africa Squadron is formed to suppress slave trading
Arthur Balfour succeeds Lord Salisbury as prime minister
Robert Peel sets up the Metropolitan Police
Britain joins the European Economic Community
Ramsay Macdonald becomes the first Labour prime minister
General strike is declared after miners reject the Samuel Report
Introduction of new local taxes sparks 'poll tax' riots in London
Parliament approves old age pensions
Suffragette Emily Davison is killed by the king's horse
Act of Union creates the United Kingdom
World's first test-tube baby is born in Oldham
'Simon Report' proposes representative government for India
'Tolpuddle Martyrs' are sentenced to transportation for trade union activities
Seven Years' War between Britain and France begins
London-Birmingham line opens and the railway boom starts

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