History Quiz / key dates in British History (1701-2005)

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Can you name the Dates of British History?

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Education becomes compulsory for children under ten
Radical artisans form the London Corresponding Society
Society of United Irishmen rebel against British rule in Ireland
Britain declares war on the Ottoman Empire
Congress of Berlin aims to settle European problems
Penitentiary Act authorises state prisons
Riots erupt in American colonies after parliament levies 'stamp' taxes
New law introduces secular school boards
Education funding becomes linked to pupils' results
German gunboat provokes the 'Agadir crisis' with France
William Pitt the Younger's government outlaws Trade Unions
Working class 'Blanketeers' mount a march to London
National Insurance Act provides cover against sickness and unemployment
Edward VIII abdicates in order to marry Wallace Simpson
Third Reform Act stops short of creating a male democracy
Slavery is effectively outlawed in England
Abolition of Resale Price Maintenance prompts the rise of supermarkets
Victoria's husband, Prince Albert, dies aged 42
Britain goes to war with France following the execution of Louis XVI
Labour wins the general election with Clement Attlee as prime minister
Second Boer War begins in South Africa
'Entente Cordiale' is signed between Britain and France
Anglo-Irish Peace Treaty is signed, resulting in partition of the island
Decimalised currency replaces 'pounds, shillings and pence'
Britain's coal industry is nationalised
IRA kill the Queen's cousin Lord Mountbatten
India gains independence from Britain
The 'Taff Vale' case leads to the birth of the Labour party
London-Birmingham line opens and the railway boom starts
First women priests are ordained by the Church of England
Battle of the Somme begins with a British and French attack
Voting by secret ballot is introduced
'Bonnie Prince Charlie' lands in Scotland to claim the British throne
Tay Bridge collapses in gale force winds
Commercial television starts with the first ITV broadcast
'Cambridge spies' surface in Moscow
Britain and France invade Egypt after nationalisation of the Suez Canal
'Balfour Declaration' gives British support to a Jewish homeland in Palestine
Church of Scotland splits over separation of church and state
Conservatives win the general election, with Sir Anthony Eden as prime minister
First British high commissioner of Palestine is appointed
Britain's first permanent symphony orchestra is founded
Parish councils are created
Suffragette Emily Davison is killed by the king's horse
1,000 people are killed in the Belfast Blitz
HMS 'Hood' sunk by the German battleship 'Bismarck'
Britain declares war on Spain and the 'War of Jenkins's Ear' begins
Jarrow men march to London to highlight local poverty and unemployment
Parliament rejects William Wilberforce's bill to abolish the slave trade
Naval mutinies occur at Spithead and the Nore
'Dieppe Raid' ends in disaster for the Allies
National Eisteddfod Association holds its first meeting
Racial tensions spark riots in Brixton and other areas
Tacky leads a slave rebellion in Jamaica
'Plaid Cymru' is formed to disseminate knowledge of the Welsh language
Former slave Olaudah Equiano publishes his autobiography
George V dies and is succeeded by Edward VIII
Comprehensive education system is initiated
Herbert Asquith forms a coalition government
Prime Minister David Lloyd George resigns as his wartime coalition breaks up
Butler Act creates free secondary education
Eleven die at the Peterloo massacre in Manchester
Royal Navy defeats a French and Spanish fleet at the Battle of Trafalgar
William Gladstone disestablishes the Church of Ireland
Motorway system opens with the M6 Preston bypass
12-month 'Miners' Strike' over pit closures begins
Britain switches on its first nuclear power station
Prime Minister Harold Wilson resigns and is replaced by James Callaghan
British convicts start being transported to penal colonies overseas
Labour wins the general election with Ramsay Macdonald as prime minister
Winston Churchill becomes prime minister of the coalition government
Conservative Sir Alec Douglas-Home becomes prime minister
France vetoes Britain's entry to the European Common Market
Lord North becomes prime minister
Methodist John Wesley publishes 'Thoughts Upon Slavery'
Suez Canal opens, linking the Mediterranean and the Red Sea
'Lusitania' is sunk by a German submarine
Election ends in a 'hung parliament' with Harold Wilson as prime minister
Corn Laws are introduced to protect British agriculture
Australia, New Zealand, Canada and South Africa are recognised as autonomous
'Boston Tea Party' heightens tensions in North American colonies
General strike is declared after miners reject the Samuel Report
Watson and Crick publish their discovery of the structure of DNA
Allies defeat the Japanese at the battles of Imphal and Kohima
Married women obtain the right to acquire their own property
First Allied troops land in Europe as invasion of Sicily begins
Anne dies and George I accedes to the throne
Robert Peel sets up the Metropolitan Police
Joseph Lister writes on antiseptics in 'The Lancet'
George III succeeds his grandfather George II
Oswald Mosley founds the British Union of Fascists
House of Lords loses its power of veto over legislation
William III dies and Anne accedes to the throne
'Simon Report' proposes representative government for India
William Pitt the Younger becomes prime minister
Sir Satyenda Prassano Sinha becomes the first Indian peer
John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, defeats the French at Blenheim, Bavaria
World's first municipal park opens in Birkenhead, Merseyside
All women over the age of 21 get the vote
Income tax is introduced for the first time during peacetime
American War of Independence begins
Robert Stephenson's Britannia Tubular Bridge is opened
Allied forces land in Normandy on D-Day, starting the liberation of France
Worsening pollution prompts the passing of the Clean Air Act
Arthur Balfour succeeds Lord Salisbury as prime minister
Chancellor David Lloyd George introduces the 'People's Budget'
People's Charter advocates social and political reform
Conservatives win a landslide election following the 'Zinoviev Letter'
'Tolpuddle Martyrs' are sentenced to transportation for trade union activities
George II becomes the last British monarch to lead his army into battle
Treaty of Vereeniging ends the Second Boer War
First fleet of convicts sails to Australia
'Lib-Lab' pact enables Labour to break into national politics
Poaching becomes a capital offence
Gresford Mine Disaster kills 266 in North Wales
Decisive British victory over German forces at Battle of El Alamein, Egypt
Berlin Airlift begins after Soviet forces blockade the city
Ghana becomes the first British colony in Africa to gain independence
Strikes paralyse Britain during the so-called 'Winter of Discontent'
Act of Union of England and Scotland is ratified
'Factory Age' begins with the opening of Britain's first cotton mill
Civil partnerships give same-sex couples legal rights
Conservative Margaret Thatcher becomes Britain's first female prime minister
Second Land Act reforms Irish property law
Irish potato famine begins
Britain declares war on Germany in response to the invasion of Poland
Excise crisis shakes Sir Robert Walpole's administration
Seven Years' War between Britain and France begins
George VI is crowned king
George I dies and is succeeded by the second Hanoverian king, George II
United Nations comes into existence with Britain as a founder member
Sir Robert Walpole resigns as prime minister
Sir Stafford Cripps goes to India to offer post-war self-government
Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, defeats Napoleon at Waterloo
World's first steam locomotive passenger service begins
Municipal Corporations Bill creates town councils
British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is created
IRA bombers strike at the Conservative conference in Brighton
Post-war immigration from the Commonwealth begins
French Revolution begins with the storming of the Bastille
Concorde, the world's first supersonic airliner, makes its maiden flight
Isambard Kingdom Brunel's Saltash railway bridge links Devon and Cornwall
British West Africa Squadron is formed to suppress slave trading
John Osborne's play 'Look Back in Anger' is staged
Committee for the Abolition of the Slave Trade is formed
Indian province of Bengal passes into British control after the Battle of Plassey
'Gordon Riots' break out in protest against the Catholic Relief Act
Sir William Armstrong's home becomes the first to use electric light
Slavery is 'abolished' in the British empire
Parliament approves old age pensions
Riots break out over the parliamentary Reform Bill
Sierra Leone is established under British rule as a home for former slaves
National Health Service is established
'South Sea Bubble' bursts and triggers a financial panic
Liberals form a government under Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Prime Minister Viscount Melbourne resigns and sparks a political crisis
Tanks are used for the first time, by the British at Flers, France
English, Dutch and Austrians sign the Treaty of the Grand Alliance
Liverpool overtakes Bristol as Britain's busiest slave trading port
Allied leaders shape the post-war world at the Yalta Conference
Republic of Ireland comes into being
Members of the Bengal army mutiny in India
Idi Amin expels Uganda's Asians and many settle in Britain
Rumours emerge that William Gladstone supports 'Home Rule' for Ireland
Olympic Games open at White City in London
Britain tests its first hydrogen bomb
British troops attempt to suppress Toussaint L'Ouverture's rebellion in Haiti
Britain 'abolishes' the slave trade
British army kills 14 in Londonderry, Northern Ireland, on Bloody Sunday
Scotland and Wales reject devolution
Lady Astor becomes the first woman to take her seat in parliament
Irish Land Act gives rights to tenants
George IV dies and is succeeded by his brother William IV
Festival of Britain is opened by George VI
American colonists are taxed on imports
Important artists establish the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
Victoria is declared empress of India
Parliament grants Catholic emancipation following repealing of the Test and Corporation Acts
Britain holds its first census
Britain begins to evacuate loyalists from American colonies
Act of Settlement places the House of Hanover in line for the English throne
Factory Act restricts work hours for women and children
Irish nationalist John Mitchel is arrested for treason
George III dies and is succeeded by George IV
'Black Wednesday' forces withdrawal of sterling from the ERM
General Edmund Allenby leads British forces into Jerusalem
New Poor Law reforms Britain's social security system
The Great Exhibition opens at the Crystal Palace in Hyde Park, London
133 Africans are thrown overboard the slave ship 'Zong'
Conservatives win the general election, with Edward Heath as prime minister
World's first test-tube baby is born in Oldham
Introduction of new local taxes sparks 'poll tax' riots in London
Sinn Fein sets up its own parliament, the 'Dáil Eireann', in Dublin
First Battle of Ypres exhausts the British army
Elizabeth II succeeds her father, George VI
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel resigns after the Corn Laws are repealed
Great Reform Act changes parliamentary representation
Britain declares war on Germany in response to the invasion of Belgium
Sir Robert Peel forms a Conservative government
Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden resigns over the 'appeasement' of Italy
Americans defeat the British army at Yorktown, Virginia
Edward VII dies and is succeeded by George V
Britain and France declare war on Russia and the Crimean War begins
Conservative Stanley Baldwin becomes prime minister for the third time
Herbert Asquith becomes Liberal prime minister
Abortion and homosexuality are legalised
First edition of 'The Times' of London is published
Death penalty is abolished
Victoria comes to the throne after the death of William IV
'Beveridge Report' lays the foundations for the Welfare State
Humber Bridge opens, the longest single-span bridge in the world
'Titanic' sinks with the loss of 1,503 lives
Luddite protesters attack industrial machinery in protest against unemployment
First British use of poison gas, at Loos, France
Olympic Games open at Wembley Stadium in London
Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden resigns and is replaced by Harold Macmillan
House of Lords rejects the 'People's Budget'
British colony of Singapore surrenders to Japanese forces
David Lloyd George becomes prime minister
Radical journalist John Wilkes is arrested for criticising the king
Ramsay Macdonald becomes the first Labour prime minister
Jacobites are defeated at Culloden, the last battle on British soil
Irish rebels of the 'Easter Rising' seize the post office in Dublin
Charles Dickens' 'Oliver Twist' is published
A uniform postage rate of one penny is introduced
Conservative Stanley Baldwin becomes prime minister
Treaty of Utrecht ends a decade of war in Europe
Second Reform Act doubles the electorate
Guglielmo Marconi is awarded a patent for radio communication
Scottish Nationalist Party is founded to fight for an independent Scotland
William Gladstone becomes prime minister for the first time
Parliament passes a bill to abolish slavery in the British empire
First major 'Jacobite' rising begins
British mandate of Mesopotamia becomes the Kingdom of Iraq
British soldiers kill hundreds of unarmed Indian civilians at Amritsar, India
Act of Union creates the United Kingdom
Charles Darwin's 'On the Origin of Species' is published
Samuel Sharpe leads a massive slave revolt in Jamaica
Major national industries are privatised
Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald resigns in a row over the budget
World War One ends when Germany signs an armistice
Sir Robert Walpole becomes the first prime minister
Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin
Conservative Andrew Bonar Law becomes prime minister
Handel's 'Messiah' gets its first performance, in Dublin
Scottish landlords start evicting tenants in the Highland Clearances
Britain joins the European Economic Community
Victoria dies and is succeeded by Edward VII

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