Science Quiz / Language

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Can you name the Language

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HintAnswerExtra Info
Numbing regions/hemispheres to see if language function is retained.Judge whether to remove areas in epilepsy.
Children with mutations of this gene have language problems and take longer to speak.Expression is greater during birds' sensitive periods for learning songs.
Brain region involved in semantics, meaning, drawing info from other parts of brain.In parietal lobe
Which kind of error is detected more quickly according to ERP signals: meaning or grammar?One is N400 response, one is P600 response
Most basic unit of sound with some meaning'ing'
Bilingual individuals may show more efficient activity in this region during cognitive conflict.
Condition in which you can't understand speech but your own speech is unimpaired (although not over time, since you can't self-monitor).Caused by damage to Wernicke's or disruption of auditory input to Wernicke's
Brain cells activated either when you perform an action or see another person performinge.g., grasping, holding, manipulating
Rules to structure sentences.
Reading involves more temporoparietal activation when language is... more phonological
Involved in speech comprehension.In temporal lobe
True or false: Left-handed people show better brain function recovery than right-handed.
Nonfluent condition; can't produce speech; speech is labored and slow.
Disorder in which patients read word as another word related in meaning.See whole words too much, skip right to meaning.
Which ear is better at hearing emotional tone?
Area where primary auditory input occurs.In temporal lobe
Right hemisphere damage: can't tell what you're holding in left hand.
A time during which the brain is most plastic for language learning.
Whole-word reading, involves left fusiform gyrus.
In these species, vocalizations are mostly pre-programmed but show activation in regions similar to human languageAlso preferential gesturing with right hand and use of right ear
True or false: Recovery from aphasia is better for stroke survivors than trauma survivors.
Area of frontal lobe involved in physical production of speech.
When right hemisphere damage leads to failure to take care of left side of body.
The Wernicke-Geschwind model of language.think of arcuate nucleus, info being passed around regions
HintAnswerExtra Info
Can be developmental or acquired, involves reduced activation of fusiform gyrusdifficulty recognizing faces
Total loss of language ability, associated with paralysis on right side of body.
Imaging of this disorder shows reduced activity in posterior (visual) and increased in anterior.
Very slight movements of muscles involved in speech that do not actually cause obvious movement.May facilitate speech recognition!
Reading involves these two language systems.
White matter tract that connects the posterior and anterior language areas.Specifically, connects Wernicke's to Broca's.
Use of changes in intonation and emphasis to convey meaning in speech; involves right hemisphere.Fine in Wernicke's patients; poor in Broca's patients
This region is involved with perfect pitch-related to music and language processing.
Most basic unit of sound.
Birds' song learning is associated with this in adulthood.
Idea that left hemisphere language zones are motor control systems.
This part of Broca's area is involved in phonological processing and speech sounds)
Region of frontal lobe involved in speech production.
Phonological reading, sounding out letters, involves angular gyrus and Broca's area.
This imaging technique shows reduced connection between posterior and anterior language areas in dyslexic patients.arcuate fasciculus
Region that translate images into auditory code.In parietal lobe; sends info to Wernicke's
This section of Broca's area is involved in semantics.
Reading shows more medial frontal activation when language is...more representative
Speaking a heard word or saying the name of a seen object or word are __-step process.
Fluent disorder; deficits in comprehension, difficulty naming objects, verbal output may be grammatical but not make sense.
Because emotion is processed in the right hemisphere, a stroke in the left hemisphere is more likely to make you...
Disorder in which patient is stuck on phonic details and soundsDifficulty recognizing words in which the letter-to-sound rules are irregular
Meaning in language

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