Science Quiz / Attention

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HintAnswerExtra Info
The tendency to orient to a cue then look away--worse reaction times for following stimulus, depending on time interval.
When a patient perceives but does not attend to objects on one side of the body.
Involuntary orienting toward an external stimulus.Like a loud noise
People with anxiety disorders often show a bias toward ___ stimuli.Anxious children about 10ms faster during dot-probe task.
A large negative EEG deflection about 100ms after stimulus onset; represents selective attention.auditory and visual
The hard problem of consciousness involves reading others' subjective experiences, or ___.
Model of attention: Stimuli get into your perceptual system but don't drive your attention.supported by Stroop, attentional blink phenomenon
Evidence from sleep and coma show deactivation of attentional ____ networks in unconsciousness.
The default or task-negative system involves these two regions.May be over active in ADHD
This section of the frontal cortex is involved in motor and premotor function.anterior or posterior?
True or false: You can see attentional effects in the lateral gesticulate nucleus and superior colliculus before the signal gets to cortex.Attention can alter function of neurons in visual cortex
This PFC area is involved in goal-directed behavior.
Wu et al. (2012) studied the effects of ___-___ ___ video games on EEG activity.3 words
Task in which arrows point in direction of following stimulus (congruent) or opposite direction (incongruent).4 words (incongruent, takes more time to shift attention)
In the Chein paper, who showed increased activation in OFC and VS (dorsal ACC) when peers were observing?In addition to more driving risks and crashes
The idea of reading someone's perceptions in their brain.4 words
You can selectively attend to something even when there's a lot of stimuli around you.3 words
Task-shifting, memory, inhibition, planning, and organization are examples of...
Model of attention: Non-attended stimuli don't even get in perceptual system.
The HOT decision making system.think of heat vents
When looking for your car in a parking lot, the search will go faster if you focus on ___ attribute(s) at a many?
The OFC, DLPFC, MPFC, and ACC are all involved in...
According to Wu et al. (2012), P1 and N1 don't change over time with FSP training; but these two deflections do change.They represent later visual attentional control
The ventral stream for attention is also called the...Bottom-up, exogenous
The ventral valuation system of decision making involves the striatum, anterior cingulate cortex and ___.
HintAnswerExtra Info
The right temporoparietal system receives input from this area, which may contribute to recognizing the novelty of a stimulus.because this region is involved in memory
The idea that your body responds to gut feelings, directing attention to certain options to facilitate decision making.You might not even be aware of these bodily feelings
Electrical activity associated with task EEG
True or false: attentional biases toward threat are irreversible.
Damage to this area can result in hemispatial neglect of left side of body.3 words--which hemisphere, which lobe
In addition to the dot-probe task, this task is used to assess emotion-related attentional bias.Using faces and words instead of words and colors
Denial of illnessOften in hemispatial neglect
The COLD decision making system.Shut the dor, it's cold outside!
This region of the DLPFC is involved in endogenous attention, in establishing gaze.
Term for the filtering of stimuli either before or after perceptual analysis & semantic meaning.
Top-down orienting: you are told or decide to attend to something.
The somatic marker hypothesis involves these two regions.
The subcortical structure that is linked to orienting and shifting attention; enables us to filter out distractions.posterior thalamus
In the Chein paper, who showed higher general activation in the lateral PFC?cognitive control region
Lesions to the vmPFC and amygdala results in poorer decision making in this task.where CR used to live!
The dorsal stream for attention is also called the...Top-down, endogenous
This system is also called the ___-___ network, because it is active when doing fMRI tasks.
Key part of the dorsal frontoparietal system.
This area of the PFC overlaps with the frontal eye fields.
When a hemispatial neglect patient perceives an object, then cannot perceive/attend to it when another is placed on the (right) side.
Theory of mind, empathy, language, tool use, and metacognition are examples of...
How does the brain know to put features together to make one object? This is called the...2 words
True or false: According to Bar-Haim et al. (2010), those living closest to war zone had a bias towards threatening stimuli.Less time to seek shelter
The dorsal decision-making system involves the parietal lobe and this area.
The subcortical structure that guides attentional eye movements.2 words; in all species
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Created Dec 14, 2014ReportNominate

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