Science Quiz / NJ Ask- Earth and Space Science

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QUIZ: Can you name the NJ Ask- Earth and Space Science?

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What is tension? (stretching, squeezing)
What is the inner most layer of the earth?
A _______ ________forms as cold air pushes under warm air.
What scale measure that seismic waves of earthquakes?
The _______ of the Earth causes the seasons.
Chemical compounds found in rocks are
A hill or ridge of sand pilled up by wind is called
What type of rock is created under a lot of heat and pressure under the earths surface
How many extra days are in a leap year?
What layer of the earth is a dense ball of solid metal?
The point underground where the earthquake starts
What is the fifth phase of the moon (after waxing gibbous)?
The path that Earth follows when it goes around the sun is called it's
What is the first layer of the earth?
A naturally occuring crystal structure is called...
An instrument used to record and measure the strength of earthquakes
What types of currents are found in the mantle. They are responsible for plates moving?
What types of rocks are formed underground
One _____ is when a planet completes one spin on it's axis.
How long is one revolution?
When rocks form, the minerals in them nearly always consist of
_____________ stress pushes the rocks horizontally past each other in two opposite directions.
____ is the name of the large land mass before the continents split
What place on the earth gets the most direct sunlight?
This boundary moves plates apart, is constructive, and caused by tension stress
Which wave travels through the earth faster, Secondary Waves or P Waves?
Volcanoes that are the simplest and built from particles and blobs of lava are ________ cone?
Which crust is made of mostly granite and the thickest crust?
What is a meteor that hits the ground
Wind is cause by differences in air _________
What is water in a gaseous form?
What is the thin outermost layer of solid rock that includes both dry land and ocean floor?
_______ is a series of vibrations in the earth's crust
_____is the general weather in an area in a long period of time.
A triangle deposit at the mouth of a river is called
The line that intersects the Earth's North and South pole is it's
This plate boundary makes a lot of earthquakes
The mantle has the ability to be shaped or molded so it has _______
In a solar eclipse, the ____ blocks sunlight from reaching the________
A break in a body of rock is a _________
What is the tilt of the Earth?
What is the sixth planet in the solar system?
One ______ is when a planets goes completly around it's own star.
Low tides and high tides are caused by the ______ _______ of the moon
A____ is dry land with little plants and no rainfall
If it is Summer in the North Hemisphere, then it is ________ on the Southern Hemisphere of the Earth.
A land breeze comes from the ______
As a comet vaporizes, it leaves a dust ____ behind
What is the second phase of the moon (after new moon)?
What is a large area of flat land that is raised above the sea level called?
The ____ wall is below the fault
Big chunks of ice that vaporize near the sun are called...
Which crust is made of mostly basalt and is the thinnest crust?
The point right above the focus, on the surface where the earthquake happened is called the
A ______ _______forms when warm air pushes over cold air
What layer of earth is molten liquid metal that is also responsible for the Earth's magnetic field?
What is the largest layer of the earth?
The trapping of heat by the atmosphere is called the_______ effect
What is the third phase of the moon (after waxing crescent)?
A solid mixture of minerals and other materials are called...
How many seasons is there on Earth?
The different shapes of the moon you see from earth are called ____
What is the sixth phase of the moon (after full moon)?
What is the seventh phase of the moon (after waning gibbous)?
What is the final phase of the moon (after last quarter)?
What type of clouds are made of ice and very high up in the air?
A break in a large body of rock which the plates move along is a _______
What time of day does a land breeze happen?
The rise and fall of ocean water that occurs every 12.5 hours or so are called ____
Whick planet is largest and most massive planet?
The uplifted area of rising magma is called a_________
____ occurs when rocks are broken down by rain
What is the hard solid, crust and upper mantle called?
The _______ wall is above the fault
Which planet is closest to the sun?
What is he fourth phase of the moon (after first quarter)?
Because Mercury's mass is small, its ______ is weak
Where are asteroids found?
What is the soft layer of mantle?
A large, slow-moving body of ice is a ____
Asteroids are leftovers from other collisions from space (true or false)?
A piece of comet debris is called_____.
What is the last planet in the solar system?
____ weathering is when rocks are broken down by chemical processes
A hollow in the earth is called a _______
This boundary grinds past each other, no materials are created or destroyed, and is caused by shearing stress
There are ____ tides, and low tides
What types of clouds are white and fluffy and mean good weather?
______ is the planet spinning on it's axis.
What is the hottest liquid layer of the earth?
Stress that occurs when forces act to stretch an object is called?
____ occurs when running water, wind, or ice carry away fragments of rock
A ____ is a part of a sea or ocean that extends into land
This boundary moves plates towards each other, it's destructive, and caused by compression stress
A piece of rock that is entering the Earth's atmosphere is called...
When an object in space comes between the sun and the third object, it casts a shadow on that object, causing an _____
What type of rock forms from magma?
Hurricanes and tornadoes form over area's of ____ pressure.
A large stretch of grassy land with no trees
What are inner planets also known as?
In a lunar eclipse, the _____ blocks sunlight from reaching the _______
____air rises, ___air sinks
How many hours is one rotation?
The asteroid belt is located between the planets ______ and _________
Alfred Wegener, proposed the idea of_______ drift, which plates move
What time of day does a sea breeze happen?
_______ is a planet's movement around it's star.
A sea breeze comes from the ______
The kind of map that shows elevation is
What is the first phase of the moon?
When a rock layer bends when stress is placed on it is called_____
If a cloud has nimbo in it it means_______
____ rocks are made up of sediments that gets pushed underground

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