Science Quiz / NJ Ask- Earth and Space Science

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Can you name the NJ Ask- Earth and Space Science?

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What is a large area of flat land that is raised above the sea level called?
What type of rock is created under a lot of heat and pressure under the earths surface
A _______ ________forms as cold air pushes under warm air.
Because Mercury's mass is small, its ______ is weak
What is the largest layer of the earth?
Which planet is closest to the sun?
A piece of rock that is entering the Earth's atmosphere is called...
What scale measure that seismic waves of earthquakes?
A large stretch of grassy land with no trees
What is the second phase of the moon (after new moon)?
What is the hottest liquid layer of the earth?
When an object in space comes between the sun and the third object, it casts a shadow on that object, causing an _____
Which wave travels through the earth faster, Secondary Waves or P Waves?
Where are asteroids found?
A____ is dry land with little plants and no rainfall
If a cloud has nimbo in it it means_______
How many seasons is there on Earth?
What type of clouds are made of ice and very high up in the air?
How many hours is one rotation?
A sea breeze comes from the ______
What is the sixth planet in the solar system?
Volcanoes that are the simplest and built from particles and blobs of lava are ________ cone?
A piece of comet debris is called_____.
What is a meteor that hits the ground
______ is the planet spinning on it's axis.
What place on the earth gets the most direct sunlight?
What time of day does a sea breeze happen?
Chemical compounds found in rocks are
____ rocks are made up of sediments that gets pushed underground
What is the final phase of the moon (after last quarter)?
A triangle deposit at the mouth of a river is called
If it is Summer in the North Hemisphere, then it is ________ on the Southern Hemisphere of the Earth.
What is the third phase of the moon (after waxing crescent)?
The rise and fall of ocean water that occurs every 12.5 hours or so are called ____
What types of rocks are formed underground
In a solar eclipse, the ____ blocks sunlight from reaching the________
What is water in a gaseous form?
What time of day does a land breeze happen?
_____is the general weather in an area in a long period of time.
A ______ _______forms when warm air pushes over cold air
Low tides and high tides are caused by the ______ _______ of the moon
This boundary moves plates towards each other, it's destructive, and caused by compression stress
____ weathering is when rocks are broken down by chemical processes
This plate boundary makes a lot of earthquakes
A ____ is a part of a sea or ocean that extends into land
The path that Earth follows when it goes around the sun is called it's
_____________ stress pushes the rocks horizontally past each other in two opposite directions.
Wind is cause by differences in air _________
The line that intersects the Earth's North and South pole is it's
What is the tilt of the Earth?
A land breeze comes from the ______
A large, slow-moving body of ice is a ____
Stress that occurs when forces act to stretch an object is called?
As a comet vaporizes, it leaves a dust ____ behind
Which crust is made of mostly basalt and is the thinnest crust?
One _____ is when a planet completes one spin on it's axis.
There are ____ tides, and low tides
What is the last planet in the solar system?
Which crust is made of mostly granite and the thickest crust?
This boundary moves plates apart, is constructive, and caused by tension stress
In a lunar eclipse, the _____ blocks sunlight from reaching the _______
What is the hard solid, crust and upper mantle called?
The mantle has the ability to be shaped or molded so it has _______
Asteroids are leftovers from other collisions from space (true or false)?
A break in a large body of rock which the plates move along is a _______
An instrument used to record and measure the strength of earthquakes
_______ is a planet's movement around it's star.
____ is the name of the large land mass before the continents split
What are inner planets also known as?
Whick planet is largest and most massive planet?
When rocks form, the minerals in them nearly always consist of
What layer of earth is molten liquid metal that is also responsible for the Earth's magnetic field?
When a rock layer bends when stress is placed on it is called_____
Alfred Wegener, proposed the idea of_______ drift, which plates move
What type of rock forms from magma?
What is the soft layer of mantle?
A hollow in the earth is called a _______
How many extra days are in a leap year?
The point underground where the earthquake starts
What is the first phase of the moon?
Hurricanes and tornadoes form over area's of ____ pressure.
This boundary grinds past each other, no materials are created or destroyed, and is caused by shearing stress
The trapping of heat by the atmosphere is called the_______ effect
What is the first layer of the earth?
____air rises, ___air sinks
How long is one revolution?
What is tension? (stretching, squeezing)
What types of clouds are white and fluffy and mean good weather?
A break in a body of rock is a _________
The _______ wall is above the fault
The ____ wall is below the fault
____ occurs when running water, wind, or ice carry away fragments of rock
The _______ of the Earth causes the seasons.
_______ is a series of vibrations in the earth's crust
What is the sixth phase of the moon (after full moon)?
What layer of the earth is a dense ball of solid metal?
What is the thin outermost layer of solid rock that includes both dry land and ocean floor?
The different shapes of the moon you see from earth are called ____
What is the inner most layer of the earth?
What is the fifth phase of the moon (after waxing gibbous)?
Big chunks of ice that vaporize near the sun are called...
The asteroid belt is located between the planets ______ and _________
What is the seventh phase of the moon (after waning gibbous)?
A solid mixture of minerals and other materials are called...
The uplifted area of rising magma is called a_________
One ______ is when a planets goes completly around it's own star.
What types of currents are found in the mantle. They are responsible for plates moving?
What is he fourth phase of the moon (after first quarter)?
The point right above the focus, on the surface where the earthquake happened is called the
The kind of map that shows elevation is
A naturally occuring crystal structure is called...
____ occurs when rocks are broken down by rain
A hill or ridge of sand pilled up by wind is called

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