From it we understand that a very small amount of matter holds an enormous amount of energy

It states that as energy is transferred or transformed, more and more of it is wasted

Equation that brought an end to the historical problem of a vibrating string

Decomposes a function of time into the frequencies that make it up, making it an essential part of modern signal processing

Describes how the quantum state of a quantum system changes with time

Equations which form a theory of mathematics without which we wouldn't be able to study change

Solving this equation led to an entire new field of analysis that has become a powerful tool for problem solving

Forms the basis of trigonometry and used since 1500 BC to lay the foundations of buildings

Introduced as a means to simplify calculations before the Computer Age, this identity allows us to turn a product into a sum

Very common and useful continuous probability distribution used in the natural and social sciences

Helped pave the way for the development of topology, a branch of math essential to modern physics

Archetypal equation used to show how simple changes to initial conditions can lead to chaotic behaviour

Used to find the limit to how much you can compress data before losing content

At the heart of financial trading, it is the world's most well-known options pricing model

Tells us that all bodies in the Universe attract each other with a force of gravitational attraction

Example of a set of equations used to model complex flow behaviour (air flow around a wing, etc...)

Shows us that heat energy can be transformed but cannot be created or destroyed

Fundamental irrational ratio that shows up in all facets of science

Laid the foundation for classical mechanics by describing the motion of bodies under the influence of a system of forces

They describe the behavior of space and time themselves

Foundation of our understanding of how electromagnetism works on a day to day scale

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