Science Quiz / HCHS Computer Terminology, F-J

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Can you name the HCHS Computer Terminology, F-?

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DefintiionTerm
A text file that is created to answer common questions a user may have about a certain software program or that a newcomer to a Web site might have regarding the site.
This strange term refers to the way Windows stores data on your hard drive. It keeps track of all your files and helps the computer locate them on the disk.
The first items entered are the first ones to be removed. In other words, the items are removed in the same order they are entered.
he last part of a filename, after the dot (e.g. '.pdf'). Most file extensions are three characters long, but they can be shorter or longer as well.
A data communications service provided by Verizon that uses fiber optic cables to transfer data.
It limits the data that can pass through it and protects a networked server or client machine from damage by unauthorized users.
A software program or set of instructions programmed on a hardware device.
A multimedia technology used for creating animations and interactive websites.
A database that stores data in a plain text file.
Numbers are numbers that contain floating decimal points. For example, the numbers 5.5, 0.001, and -2,345.6789 are examples.
A diagram that describes a process or operation. It includes multiple steps, which the process 'flows' through from start to finish.
A specific typeface of a certain size and style. For example, one may be Arial 12 pt bold, while another may be Times New Roman 14 pt italic.
Some Web sites use these, where the pages are broken up into various areas. Each area consists of an independent Web page. These allow the multiple Web pages on the same page.
Software you can download, pass around, and distribute without any initial payment.
It connects the computer's processor to the system memory (RAM) and other components on the motherboard.
It is a common method of transferring files via the Internet from one computer to another.
Either hardware or software that acts as a bridge between two networks so that data can be transferred between a number of computers.
A unit of data storage that equals 2 to the 30th power, or 1,073,741,824 bytes.
A compressed image file format. They are based on indexed colors, which is a palette of at most 256 colors.
It refers to the graphical interface of a computer that allows users to click and drag objects with a mouse instead of entering text at a command line.
This is what stores all your data. It houses the hard disk, where all your files and folders are physically located.
A digital interface for transmitting audio and video data in a single cable.
It dissipates the heat from the processor, preventing it from overheating.
A base-16 number system. It is a different method of representing numbers than the base-10 system we use in every day practice
DefintiionTerm
When you roll the cursor over a link on a Web page.
This is the language that Web pages are written in. Also known as hypertext documents, Web pages must conform to its rule in order to be displayed correctly in a Web browser.
This is the protocol used to transfer data over the World Wide Web.
The same thing as HTTP, but uses a secure socket layer (SSL) for security purposes.
A hardware device that is used to network multiple computers together. It is a central connection for all the computers in a network, which is usually Ethernet-based.
A word, phrase, or image that you can click on to jump to a new document or a new section within the current document.
The starting point or front page of a Web site. This page usually has some sort of table of contents on it and often describes the purpose of the site
Computers are based on the fundamental idea that every input results in an output.
This on your computer screen represents an object or a program on your hard drive. For example, the folders you see on your desktop or in open windows.
This is a method of accessing e-mail messages on a server without having to download them to your local hard drive.
This is a list of data, such as group of files or database entries. It is typically saved in a plain text format that can be quickly scanned by a search algorithm.
This technology works by spraying very fine drops of ink on a sheet of paper. These droplets are 'ionized' which allows them to be directed by magnetic plates in the ink's path.
A small chip that can function as an amplifier, oscillator, timer, microprocessor, or even computer memory. It is a small wafer, made of silicon, that can hold transistors, etc
The ownership of intangible and non-physical goods. This includes ideas, names, designs, symbols, artwork, writings, and other creations.
A common way to compress video. Each frame of the video signal shows every other horizontal line of the image. As the frames are projected on the screen, the video signal alternate
It spreads across the globe and consists of countless networks and computers, allowing millions of people to share information.
An internal or private network that can only be accessed within the confines of a company, university, or organization.
Apple's mobile operating system that runs on the iPhone, iPad, and the iPod touch. It has a graphical user interface (GUI) that is optimized for touchscreen devices.
It provides a standard set of rules for sending and receiving data through the Internet.
This is a code made up of numbers separated by three dots that identifies a particular computer on the Internet.
It is the company that you (or your parents) pay a monthly fee to in order to use the Internet.
A programming language developed by Sun Microsystems. Its syntax is much like that of C/C++, but it is object-oriented and structured around 'classes' instead of functions.
A programming language designed by Sun Microsystems, in conjunction with Netscape, that can be integrated into standard HTML pages.
A compressed image file format. Its images are not limited to a certain amount of color, like GIF images are. Therefore, this format is best for compressing photographic images.

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