Science Quiz / HCHS Computer Terminology, A-E

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Can you name the Computer Terminology?

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A spot that provides wireless connection to a network. Devices connected to this can communicate with other devices.
This Microsoft-based technology was built to link desktop applications to the World Wide Web. Using its development tools, software developers can create interactive Web conten
Google's mobile operating system (OS) that is used by several smartphones. Its is open source, meaning it is not linked to a specific cell phone manufacturer or service provider.
An operating system developed by IBM and is Unix-based. It is typically used for enterprise servers and comes with a robust set of security options.
A set of commands, functions, and protocols which programmers can use when building software for a specific operating system. It allows programmers to use predefined functions.
This a Java program that can be embedded in a Web page.
A software program that runs on your computer. Web browsers, e-mail programs, word processors, games, and utilities are all examples of this.
Stands for 'American Standard Code for Information Interchange.' It is the universal standard for the numerical codes computers use to represent all upper and lowercase letters etc
This is an online character that represents a person.
In a network, it carries data to smaller lines of transmission.
It refers to how much data you can send through a network or modem connection. It is usually measured in bits per second, or 'bps.'
A computer programming language that was developed in the mid-1960s to provide a way for students to write simple computer programs.
During this stage, the software is tested for bugs, crashes, errors, inconsistencies, and any other problems.
A two-digit (Base-2) numerical system, which computers use to store data and compute functions.
It checks all your hardware connections and locates all your devices. If everything is OK, it loads the operating system into the computer's memory and finishes the boot-up process
A single digit number in base-2 (a zero or a one) and is the smallest unit of computer data
A data type that can store binary data.
Short for 'Web Log,' this term refers to a list of journal entries posted on a Web page.
This is the logic that computers use to determine if a statement is true or false. There are 4 main boolean operators: AND, NOT, OR, and XOR.
An error in a software program. It may cause a program to unexpectedly quit or behave in an unintended manner.
Inside a computer, these consists of sets of wires that allow data to be passed back and forth.
A set of 8 bits that represent a single character in the computer's memory
A high-level programming language that was developed in the mid-1970s. It was originally used for writing Unix programs, but is now used to write applications for most platforms
A programming language that was built off the C language. The syntax of it is nearly identical to C, but it has object-oriented features.
This type of software is used for nearly all three-dimensional designing.
It stores recently-used information in a place where it can be accessed extremely fast.
It is a section of RAM where your computer stores copied data.
Used to compress and decompress streaming media (live audio and video) which makes it possible to broadcast a live audio or video clip over a broadband Internet connection.
In order for the code to be recognized by the computer's CPU, it must be converted from source code (a high-level language) into machine code (a low-level language).
A piece of hardware that acts as the interface between the motherboard and the other components of the computer.
This is the pretty much the brain of your computer. It processes everything from basic instructions to complex functions.
It is a software system that uses a standard method of cataloging, retrieving, and running queries on data
This is used to define the structure of a database, including the tables, columns, and data types that it contains.
Before releasing their software to the public, programmers do this their programs, eliminating as many errors as possible. This process often takes a long time, as fixing errors
It is common to store frequently used files, folders, and programs here. This allows you to access the items quickly instead of digging through the directories on your hard drive
This process uses programs like Adobe InDesign and QuarkXpress to create page layouts for documents they want to print.
This type of connection uses a modem to connect to an ISP or another computer. It uses standard analog phone lines to transfer data up to 56 Kbps
a system for naming computers and network services that is organized into a hierarchy of domains.
A little hardware device that plugs into the serial or USB port of a computer. Its purpose is to ensure that only authorized users can use certain software applications.
The first operating system used by IBM-compatible computers.
A small file that helps the computer communicate with a certain hardware device.
a video connection standard created by the Digital Display Working Group (DDWG).
A standardized method for transferring data between different computer systems or computer networks. It is commonly used for e-commerce purposes
These are the little text-based faces and objects that you often see in e-mail and online chat.
The person that a software program or hardware device is designed for.
The coding or scrambling of information so that it can only be decoded and read by someone who has the correct decoding key.
The most common type of connection computers use in a local area network (LAN).
A spreadsheet program for Windows and Macintosh computers. It is part of the Microsoft Office suite, which includes other productivity programs, such as Word and PowerPoint.
A printed circuit board that can be installed in a computer to add functionality to it.
It extends an intranet, or internal network, to other users over the Internet. Most extranets can be accessed via a Web interface using a Web browser.
When one system imitates or reproduces another system. This can be done using hardware, software, or a combination of the two

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