Miscellaneous Quiz / UN8: Global environment

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Can you name the UN8: Global environment?

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HintAnswer
Possible to think of the env't as a collection of ... ... ...
These include: (3)
They are global because they cannot be ... by states
...no-one can be ... from using them
i.e they can't be '...' in any way
and they cannot be protected by ... actions
Which theory says the UN acts as an int'l political market?
It is the intersection between ... interests and ... interests
The UN provides an essential '...' within the int'l system.
It controls inherently bad ...
The UN as a framework for co-operation is the theory of ... ...
It facilitates inherently good ...
There is a problem of ... use/abuse
i.e, some states ... global public goods more
This is where a .../... divide emerges
Also the problem of the '...-...' syndrome
States can benefit from ... action with participating themselves
Leaving it to someone else creates a ... ...
Insufficient reward for responsible actions leads to ... ...
In ..., there was a UN Conference on ...
Its purpose was more to discuss env't as a ... of resources
Only conservation was with an eye to maintaining ... of resources
For example, EU ... ...
Where were the 4 key global conferences? (one twice)
What years were they held?
In the first, what approach was asserted over the 'sectoral' approach?
What was also established?
It is HQed in ...
with .. members
and a budget of ... ... ...
The second was known as the '... Summit'
New deliberate policy of engaging ... society
Participation of 1400 ...
A detailed document emerged, known as '... ..'
As well as the Framework ... .. ... ...
Third was focused on ... ...
Convergence of ... issues with ... issues
The ... implications of the ... were elaborated
the fourth is known as ...
It aligned ... ... Goals with MDGs
HintAnswer
A precursor to the climate change problem was the regulation of the ... ...
It was a problem caused mostly by the global ...
In ..., the ... Protocol was ratified by ... states
There was a ... solution to the problem, which was ....
They are less damaging to the ozone layer but create ... ...
What is the major ingredient in anthropogenic climate change?
The most important factor is the ... ... rise
It skyrockets towards the end of the ... ...
The UNFCCC commits signatories to '... of greenhouse gas concentrations'
What was established by UNEP and WMO in 1988?
Its mission is to provide world with a clear ... view
Its '... Assessment' in 2013 is ..% certain humans are dominant cause of global warming
There are two dimensions of amelioration: ... and ...
The ... Protocol set ... for states
These were split into ... . states and ...-... states
The former were required to reduce ... by around ...% by ... from 1990 baseline
The latter were given ... incentives to participate in the ... ... Mechanism
The objective is to keep global temp rise to ...°C above pre-industrial levels
How many themes or trends are identifiable in resource management across its evolution?
The first is the post-... ... ... concern over...
... of supply of and ... to natural resources
Which UN bodies were engaged in securing resource supplies?
The second theme centres on 'resource ...'
This became clear during the push for ...
The third theme was growing concern about ... use of resources took root in what year?
The fourth was about the role of natural resources in ... and ...
Correlation between resource ... and ...
Which is known as the 'resource ...'
How many phases in the UN's resource management policies?
Early 1950s efforts were made to strengthen ... ... over natural resources
Linkage of ...-... with ... over natural wealth and resources
Came under severe attack by ... powers
Could question validity of ... and ...
UN sought to establish link between resource ... and the promotion of ...
Which group wielded oil as a political weapon?
Clashes took place in the early ....s between ... countries and ... corporations
There were large-scale ...
In 1980, UNCTAD realised its aim of a global ... policy
... differences between industrialised and developing countries ...
UN has also played a pivotal role in management of ... resources
HintAnswer
Law of the ... had been based on CIL
Four conventions of UNCLOS covered what areas?
Not until 1972 that resource sovereignty was placed in an ... context
At Rio+20, Kofi Annan urged five specific issues often known as .....
Which stand for...
Civil wars over natural resources in countries such as... (3)
Availability of these viewed more as both a ... and ... curse and an ... blessing
SC has acted to prevent illicit ... of '... goods'
Which body was the first to address concerns over ... and use of resources?
It organised ... collection and ...
SC has imposed ... ... on states with natural resource conflicts
ICJ: states' responsibility that their ... do not damage ...
beyond the limits of their ... ...
UNEP accomplishments: ... Seas Program
as well as integrated ... and ... programs
and groundwork for various ... and ... env'l treaties
Which organisation is a crucial source of finance for susdev initiatives?
Whose roles have withered?
Whose have grown?
Two key concepts: common ... of humankind' and 'common ... of humankind'
Most difficult dealing with ... resources
UN instrumental in generating ... schemes of ...
such as the ... River Plan
Resource sovereignty has been complemented with ... concerning proper resource ...
Arrangements have been negotiated that are ... rather than strictly ...
these facilitate ... of world's resources through ... regimes
Gap between industrialised and developing countries ... between .... and ....
Developing countries: very low average ... ... income
Including World Bank Group, IMF are the ... ... Organisations
...dedicated to the principles of ... ..., ... of currencies, and an ... market economy
Most important instrument of World Bank is its ability to grant ...
IMF promotes international ... in the area of ... politics
More than ..% of pop. growth is taking place in ... countries
Need for an ... restructuring of economies of ... countries
No ... methods are available in int'l ... politics
Problem is not a lack of ... or ...
but lack of effective ... to implement them
'a dilemma between the ... and the ... undertaken'

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