Miscellaneous Quiz / UN9: Peacekeeping and Humanitarian Intervention

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Can you name the UN

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HintAnswer
UN has had reasonable success as a forum for ... ...
for example, the Partial ... ... ... ...
also the ... and other ... and ... warfare conventions
In the context of liberal ..., it is a ...
Peacekeeping evolved from the 'corpse' of ... ...
Best to separate PK into '...' ... War and ...-... War
Collective security goes back to the fundamental ... of the Charter
the structure for CS was '...-...' and connected to ... ...
Chapter VII contains Articles .. to ..
There is a ... claim of ... in the UN Charter
but a reality in which ... trumps all
What is not defined in the Charter?
With what event was the unviability of CS exposed?
To one side, North's actions were ... ...
To the other, it is trying to fulfil a treaty of ... which the South was ...
After the ... ..., realised that Chapter VII is ... with a ... system
But up until ...., there was an idea that CS might work without the ... divisions
By ...., the UN faced an ... ...
There was a high risk of the ... ... being squeezed out
But instead the UN found itself a new ... role
This involved the deployment of ... personnel, resulting from the crises of ...
The first place this happened was ..., in year ....
The next year a group was deployed to ... province
These crises gave the UN a concrete ... and ...
The first true PK force was deployed to the ... ...
Previous to that were just ...
It was called the UN ... ...
Who developed the idea, and which state supported it?
The basic doctrine of traditional PK can be summed up by a '... ...'
1. Intervention only with ... of the parties
2. ... had to exist between the sides in the conflict
3. Force is only used in ...-... and as a ... ...
1 was controversial because ... was not willing to host UNEF
When did Egypt then askUNEF to leave? Before the .... ...
2 means that '...' should not be identified
In short, this all meant the use of ... ... without the use of ... ...
A strength of this was that each side could impose its own ...
The ... of the situation is irrelevant; it's about stopping the ...
But this only works in specific, ideal ...
Where were the limits of this type of PK exposed?
In what period?
HintAnswer
UN had a role in a supposed '...-...' conflict between ... and ...
What was the name of the force deployed?
This led to the state's ... and parts to ...
'... ...' consent became meaningless
It became a major ... ... confrontation
Soviet objections to PK as it was a ...-... activity
Khruschev proposed replacing the ...-... with a ...
he said: 'while there are neutral ..., there are no neutral ...'
Further operations in ... and ... followed these three strict criteria
By the ....s, PK went into virtual ...
Post-Cold War, changes to PK were both ... and ...
1948-88, there were ... UN PK operations
1989-94, there were ... new operations
Firstly, no area was now '...-...' to UN intervention
such as ... ... or the ...
Secondly, no area is now '...' by superpowers
Support for ... regimes ..., so ... strife broke out
In 1992, An Agenda for peace was published by .....
the 'new peacekeeping' had ... identifiable characteristics
1. '...-...' rather than '...-...' missions.
This leads to more complications around ...
2. ...-functionality. Broad, '...' missions
Not just ... observation and interposition
There had to be ... and ... dimensions
as well as commitment to ... and encouragement of democratic ...
3. Operational '...'
This meant use of force beyond ...-...
4. Emphasis on post-conflict '...-...' as part of the PK process
5. PK also done by ... organisations, such as ....
The problem is lack of ... to engage
There are conflicts that have no bearing on ... ... initiatives
This led to the events in ... and ...
The UN mistakenly assumed a ... PK approach
Inadequacy of PK led to the development of...
Adopted by ... at the ... Summit in year ....
Sovereignty was now to be thought of as '...'
This idea is most associated with who?
His article was '... ... of Soveignty'
What are the 3 'pillars' of R2P?
Armed intervention upon large scale ... of ... or large scale ... ...
The problem here is it is too ...
HintAnswer
BUT - there were also ... principles
There needed to be: right ... for intervening
Intervention as a ... ...: all non-... means exhausted
Correct calibration of force: ... means
And reasonable ... of ...
Framework draws heavily on classical theory of '... ...' by?
The UNSC affirmed R2P in which year?
But it has not been '....' by the UN
SC authorised .... action in ... in 2011
It was authorised under which Chapter?
Peacekeeping can be looked at as what shape?
factor 1: degree of ... between factions
2: extent of local ... remaining post-conflict
3: amount of int'l ... provided
UN record has much success in ...-... conflicts and little in ...-...
Much success in ... and ... settlement
little in ... and ... conflicts
Two conflict types: co... and co...
What is the best PK strategy for latter?
and for the former?
Operations that seek to impose the will of SC by military or eco action:
It can have both ... ... and conflict ... meanings
PE is a permit to go to war with a ... enemy
Designed to halt ... or change ... authority
How many UN-authorised coalition wars have there been?
This does not signify a ... evolution
Much involved camouflaging ... as ...
In ..., it was deemed that ... was no longer exercised
Disastrous slide from ... into ... and back again
This saw a ... justification emerge as an important part of discourse
There has been a '...' of peacekeeping
Why? 1: failure to provide the UN with the ... to accomplish mandates
2: UN has been denied ...
Problems? 1: regional orgs not adequately ...
2: promotes regional ..., to promote ...-...
3: Little thought about managing ... between UN and reg orgs
Tenuous notion that ... can survive PE
Increased use of Chap VII and widening of ...
to provide for ... protection as a significant ... shift
But norms around ... have not shifted in parallel
Kofi Annan's sovereignties are of the ... and the ...

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