Miscellaneous Quiz / FS9 - Economic Sanctions: Coercion through Markets

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Can you name the FS9 - Economic Sanctions: Coercion through Markets?

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HintAnswer
Considered as an alternative to ...
One of several forms of economic ... to ... the target state
which seek to lower the ... economic ... of target state
according to who?
Sanctions include: e.., b.., f.. a.., ex..
What dataset used to analyse sanctions?
What time period does it cover, how many cases, and what success rate?
This generated ... as to the ... of sanctions
Pape said it matters how we define ... and ...
And are sanctions the ... for ... of behaviour?
What are not examples of economic sanctions?
Pape's standard: 1. target conceded to ... part of coercer's ...
2. sanctions ... or ... prior to behaviour change
3. No more-... ... explanation exists
He recoded HSE and found only ... successful cases
18 cases in which ... determined by ...
8 cases when no ... were made
6 cases not instances of ... ...
3 cases were ... (not enough ...)
What case is sometimes seen as a success?
What does apartheid mean in what language?
First instituted in ....s
The ANC organised ... ... to protest ... of apartheid
A ... wing was founded after deaths at ... in what year?
The UN ... ... attempted sanctions in 19..-.. but failed
... sanctions not implemented until 19..-..
Combined with a '...' on-going ... campaign
There was major capital ... but still positive ... ...
Hard to disentangle ... from unattractive ... ...
Mass protests in .... called the ... ...
Over policy to ... in ... rather than ...
ANC aimed to make townships ...
What had a huge effect?
because ANC were ... and fear of ... takeover gone
Who came to power and began negotiations, in what year?
First ... held in ....
Which conflict only Cold War one with USA and USSR on same side?
Iran supports ... and ... dissent
Iraq invades Iran in ... .... to force ... ...
Post-war, Iraq asks OPEC for oil ... ...
Saddam accuses ... of waging ... war
US holds some blame for ... War for bungling ...
US ambassador to Iraq tells Saddam '.. ...' on ... disputes
Sanctions put in place to compel ... and make ...
HintAnswer
How long does the War last?
... regime began .... days after invasion of Kuwait
Purpose to compel: ... , payment of ... , ... of ... programmes
They stayed in place for almost ... ...
In 5 years, between .. and ..% of GDP eliminated
Increasing ... inequality and ...
Coupled with ... destruction during ... ... bombings
The ... ... rate doubled
All this leads to the ... ... ... program
Subject to restrictions on ... and ... ... items such as ...
What began in 2001-02?
Sanctions goal seemed to shift from ... ... to actual ... ...
UNSCOM 1991-98 found: 1. alarmingly well-developed ... ... programme
2. substantial ... ... capability
3. stockpiles of ... ...
4. ... weapons, including weaponised ...
Saddam was never ... and ... were expelled in ....
Saddam invited them back when? To stave off what?
Inspectors found ... but ... by intelligence sources
... and threat of ... led to Iraqi ...?
Economic sanctions as a ... lever?
Upwards of a ... lives lost due to ...
Saddam was ... ... nuclear weapons
Sanctions don't work because of: 1. ...
Societies will endure considerable ... rather than abandon ... ...
... pressure can create a '... ... ... ...' effect
can also enhance the long-term ... of the ...
2. ... states are not ...
able to ... effect of sanctions through s.. , c.., increase in d.. production
Can shift the ... onto ... weak groups
Since WW1 sanctions viewed as a ... ... to war
maybe not as ... but more ...
Two categories of int'l economic weapons: ... restrictions and ... restrictions
Three strategies of int'l economic pressure: economic ..., ... wars, economic ...
Allied WW1 blockade of Germany was both economic ... and ... as it had ... intentions
Sanctions are an idea of law ... borrowed from the ... sphere
Doubts about their utility due to ... of int'l system and ... of int'l sanctions
With regard to authority ... , necessary to distinguish between ... and ...
In a legitimate system, negative ... would not be required as a ...
nor as the primary ... of ... control
Sanctions when there is no choice for individual are ...
Sanctions when the individual feels he has a choice are ...
Who said this?
Indicator: when legislation is ... but passes and becomes law, it is ...
HintAnswer
Motivator: if homos relationships are ... , sanctions influence choice of ...
Necessary to prove that sanctions ... behaviour, not merely ... it
It is obvious when ... has failed but not when it has worked
IN the face of sanctions, re.. and re.. can become values in themselves
Three important factors: com ... ... ...
1st: Can sanctioning body ... offences, ... and ... sanctions?
2nd: status of ..., sanctioning body and ... of alternate values
3rd: extent to which ... and ... are understood
Southern ... and ..., clear ... of norms and penalties
But UN not a fully or highly ... system, though values in theory ...
to ... South Africans, values of ...-... were a threat
... of South Africa and Rhodesia viewed sanctions as
Rhetoric of ... also raises level of ... to persevere
... issued a UDI from the UK in ... ....
UNSC invoked Articles .. and .. for first time, imposing ... economic sanctions
No ... ... was needed, Rhodesia was ... and gov't was seen as ...
Also strengthened ... ... which objected when ... sanctions was considered
What was said to have played a bigger part in transition to majority rule?
Sanctions on ... ... were among many potential '...' of a single ...
Racial ... severely restricted the ...
Reversal of ... ... into SA was far more damaging economically than ...
Sanctions in Iraq eroded ... capabilities and forced ... concessions
Only after the ... was it clear how ... sanctions had been in ... military
Fear that sanctions would ... but had actually been ... by 'smart sanctions' in ....
These 'smart sanctions' restored ... ... that had been lacking in the UNSC
By ... 2002, core elements of effective long-term ... ... were in place
After Cold War, ... threat replaced by WMDs in '... ...'
Lumped together with b.. m.., b.. and c.. weapons
Int'l terrorism has actually ... - many states now see it as an ... tool
Threats such as ... states were once deemed ...
Damage of ... acquiring nukes would be terrible but not threaten ...
... weapons are difficult to use and ... hard to ...
... weapons only effective at killing ... of people in ... areas
... weapons in WW1 were 10-12 times for fatal than ...
Ballistic missiles are ..., often ... and inferior to ...
One of major activities of UN was the ... ... ... program
After sanctions started in ...., food and medicine imports fell to ..-..% of previous
Unemployment was at ..% in 1999 and ..% of Iraqis lived in poverty
UNSC voted to refund OFF every ... ... so long-term ... was impossible
OFF prevented a ... disaster but ... a state of crisis
H'ian disaster in Iraq far exceeds reasonable level according to principles of ... and ...
e.g an ... force denying food and medicine access to civilians could be ... for ... ...

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