Miscellaneous Quiz / FS8 - Force for Good? Contemplating HI

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Can you name the FS8 - End of Cold War, Rise of HI?

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HintAnswer
USA could pursue any foreign policy under ...
Even policies not central to ... ...
What agenda finally had space to influence policy?
In 1992, which voters were crucial?
Democratic Party sought to put a '... ...' back into FP
Committed ... in both parties wanted to avoid ...
The definition of what was expanding?
'Human security' included h.., e.., t.., e.. w..
HI became a significant part of .. and .... FP
First Clinton HI: where and when
... exacerbates ... crisis
Bush sent ..... troops in Operation ... ...
aimed to assist .. in distributing ... aid
When does Black Hawk Down incident occur?
Happened as part of what?
Clinton ... troops within ... months
Next HI: where and when
What happens Sept 1991?
Result: widespread ... ... violations and a ... problem
US sends .... troops under Operation ... ...
Considered a ... mission but there was no ...
Third HI: where and when?
Which countries had ambitions to grab land in Bosnia?
What happens in July 1995?
This happens in front of .. ... as they are under ... .. authorisation
Clinton sends ..... troops under .... guise, Operation ... ...
There were no American ... ... - peace achieved in the ... ...
Bosnia was internally ... along ... lines
Fourth HI: where and when?
Who targets the province?
Ethnic cleansing campaign against ... to keep it ...
US ... Serbian targets - doesn't want to commit ... ...
Initially campaign ... as Milosevic ... attacks
.... eventually allowed in to protect Albanian ... without .. troops
Rwanda: prior to ... , no mass incidents of ... violence
First such violence in Rwanda and Burundi what years respectively?
... of races begin with a ... in what year?
Identity was now ... by the state and ... was institutionalised
Tutsi were granted ec.., ed.., p.., r.. advantages
Who were routinely discriminated against?
In .... the Tutsi ... was overthrown by the ...
Hutu then dominated ... and ... following ...
How many Tutsi fled to neighbouring countries?
A rebel army, self-styled ..., made incursions from ... until ...
The rebels gain ... experience in ... and form the ... ... Army
This happens throughout ....s and ....s until they invade in .... with a force of .....
Only an ... ... halts their advance
HintAnswer
President ... had been discriminating Tutsi but ... violence
Political power sharing agreed in ... .... called the ... ...
Negotiations difficult over military ...
When was Habyarimana's plane shot down?
Who were also systematically killed in aftermath?
As well as ..., what else begins immediately?
...... had its troop levels ...
Which nation pulled out after losing 10 soldiers?
No ground troops until ... launched Operation ... at the end of ...
No timely intv'n because: 1. wanted to save ... after ...
2. many believed ... conflict was ...
History of Rwanda/Burundi ... observers
Half of all eventual victims were killed in just ... ...
There were big ... and ... failures
Focus on ... and not the ...
Reporting ... after Western ...
An info ... led to dismissing of D... I... A... analysis
When did HR groups start reporting genocide?
What was the main deployment constraint?
Different interventions could have saved between ...... and ..... lives
Staying out was an ... US policy ..., argues who?
The P.. D.. D.. .. outlined stringent factors for US ... missions
European soldier evacuated ... but had no mandate to protect ...
... ... obscured the ... for about ... weeks
The ... effect of UN soldiers was ...
Dallaire argued for an ...-... strategy
But US wanted opposite, to set up ... ... at borders
.. .... argued we must treat all states as ...-... communities
He used the .../... analogy which is essentially ...-...
But not always clear when a community is self-determining and qualifies for ...-...
Boundary ... can be ... in the three cases
1. If a boundary contains 2+ ... engaged in a ... struggle
2. When boundaries have already been crossed by a ... power and 3. under terrible ... ... violations making community ...
... Revolution of 1848, ... would have been seen by ... as intervention
...-intervention might be ... but ...
... war is more difficult as Mill's standard is violated by ...
Insurgents gain legal ... rights when they control substantial ... and ...
A government that receives substantial ... and ... and still cannot command ... is clearly ...
For example?
Goal of ...-... not to win the war but allow ... ... to do so
... state cannot claim political ... for itself
HI belongs in realm of ... choice rather than ...
Three ethical HI divides: ..., ... and .. of moral concern
1st: ... vs ...
2nd: ... vs ...
3rd: ... vs ...
Intervening whenever good outweighs bad is ...-...
HintAnswer
This is beyond ... capacities of most people and at odds with ... law
If everyone acted individually, aggregate well-being decreases, says
Grotius suggested a ... but not a ... to HI
In fact, there is an '... ...' of HI
Morals norms derive force from mutual consent of their subjects:
Debate over whether ... of ..., ... or ... ... makes norms just
Walzer is a ... as he believes society is just if follows shared ... of its members
HI is justified when it '... the ... ... of mankind'
Norms are just if they are lawful and content is irrelevant. This is ... ...
But only if law enacted by just ... ...
In int'l law, this is '... consent' in form of ... and int'l ...
Two views of law: ... vs ... ...
Many int'l legal scholars take issue with ... interpretation of Articles .. and ..
Most states ... to frame action as HI, invoking ...-... instead
Rwandan census suggested how many dead in genocide?
What is appropriate equivalent case study?
3 similar conditions: long-distance ..., short ..., ... access only
Maximum intervention would have been ..... troops
Operations could have started after ... days
It would not have '...' genocide, but ... it
Moderate: .... troops, reduced risk of ...
Confined to a zone in ... and ...
Minimal: .... ground troops, reliance on ... power
Three strategies: c.., a.. p.. and s.. p..
Six prominent ... have been raised and repeated about the genocide
1: d.. i.. - ... were in control, minimal ...
2: .... troops to ... genocide - would be too ... and .. of genocide misunderstood
3: UN response to the '.... ...' - ... expressed doubt and alarming reports were ...
4: silence the ... ... - these were not ... to the killing, other ... of fostering hatred
5: ... as interveners - presence was ... to quell violence and forces had no appropriate ...
5: more robust ... - early ... of ... had best chance
Why? 1. No ... ... resolution necessary, 2. Rwandan Gov would have agreed to ...
3. Rwandan Gov wanted UN to ... armed ...
4. Quashing genocide in ... could have stopped it ...
... had most info but was more concerned by ...
Intelligence was ... and seemed ...
Puzzle is why West failed to ... ... before genocide
Obvious lesson: ... is no substitute for ...
Better ... is needed: Hutu Gov was ... into Arushu
... diplomacy can trigger a ... , whereas ... work better
Statesmen must better ... the ... of foreign actors
... intervention options can also save many lives
Better co-ordinated ... ... are needed: ... can be unreliable
There is a need for ... in ... as France has
Weaker side may ... fighting and ... suffering hoping to attract ...

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