Miscellaneous Quiz / FS5 - Total War: Targeting Civilians

Random Miscellaneous or War Quiz

Can you name the FS5 - Total War: Targeting Civilians?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

Challenge
Share
Tweet
Embed
Score 0/139 Timer 20:00
HintAnswer
Three competing perspectives on civilian ...
according to who?
These are r.. t.. , c..-b.. i.. and o.. t..
1. ... norms and ... are the most important ... of CV
2. States kill enemy's ... when they are viewed as outside the ... of ... nations
3. ... interests or ... of military orgs are the prime causes of Cv
Two crucial factors: ... to win and potentially ... populations
CV is a ...-sanctioned military ...
and ... targets and kills ...
What two principles does it violate? Non-combatant ... and ...
As enshrined in the ... ... and ... ... ...
It is not limited to '...' forms of killing
It also includes d.., e.., s..
Argument that ... and ... have eliminated non-combatant status is not ...
Intention is important but not a ...
i.e still CV if belligerents are ... or ... to limit damage to civilians
CV is less likely in ... because of ... restraints
But do (as above) ... these (as above)?
Statistics show that CV is not more common in ... conflicts than in ... conflicts
This puts which theory into disrepute?
Org culture: WW2 German army focused on ... while British focused on ... ...
Argument that parochial org'l ... are ... across countries
But these arguments are limited to the ... ...
States are less tolerant of ... and ... societies are likely to be more susceptible to ...
In WW1 Germany showed desperation when it turned to ... ... warfare
CV can also speed up ... and reduce ...
... citizens in a territory represent a potential ... ...
example of this is ... in ...
CV can be very successful in ... though less so in ... of entire ...
Evidence shows that states using CV win ... often than states using ... military methods
Terrain of the ... theatre favoured the ...
this meant that large ... ... could not sweep in
... attack increased effectiveness, led to lower ...
caused enormous damage to ... areas and therefore ... capacity
Japanese ... rates in Iwo Jima were over ..%
this meant taking the ... would be a long, ... process
... bombing of what were seen as crucial economic '...' but extremely ... nature of Japanese cities was a strong option
... casualties were intended as a means of cutting Japanese ... production
When did shift to incendiary bombing happen?
... and ... conditions in the ... also favoured defence
Decision to change to incendiary was taken by who?
How many American lives was it estimated would be lost invading Japan?
The American public overwhelmingly ... of ... cities
... declarations of being against .. bombing disappeared after the ....s
What increased the ferocity of combat between America and Japan?
But this was not the ... ... in targeting civilians
The atomic bomb was originally meant for ... so Japan was the victim of ... ...
HintAnswer
The AAF wanted to be an ... service by proving its ...
But other airforces were already independent so ... ... interests do not account for this
the Blitz came in ... phases
1. ...
2. ... production and ... including 14 ...
3. ... in support of a ... policy
Low proportion of ... bombs but civilian terrorism was a ... side effect
Where did the Luftwaffe first use intense civilian bombing?
In order to prompt its ...
Why was Hitler initially reluctant to bomb Britain?
and his desire to come to an ...
After abandoning ... , Germany turned to CV to destroy ... combined with a ...
Focus was on .. to try and knock out RAF by ...ing them
This actually gave much-needed ... to RAF ... elsewhere
Hitler's ... application of bombing civilians undermines the ... argument
Hitler also worried intensely about his ...
This undermines the .../... argument too
For Germany, air power was seen as an ... rather than a ... in itself
... wars with ... casualties should not result in CV
Democracies' concern for keeping civilians from ... attack does not extend to less ... forms of harm
As shown by the US food ... of ... in what year?
In wars of ... absence of CV is explained by lack of ...
Such as between ... and ...
How many civilians were killed in the Gulf War?
Killed directly by ... ...
Airstrikes over ... were suspended temporarily for ... and ... reasons
after a strike hit a civilian ... thought to be a ... target
Public opinion polls show Americans were ... to the effects on Iraqi civilians
The ... against bombing ... has become much stronger since WW2
Not because of a change of ... but a change of ...
Future CV for democracies could be in form of destroying ... such as the power ...
Most comprehensive ... ever in Iraq had an ... catastrophic toll on civilians
Who bore a large amount of responsibility?
But USA and allies made ... ... ... deals deliberately ...
Sanctions seemed a ... alternative as a way of bringing down Saddam
What was one of key causes of civilian deaths in Iraq 2003?
No classic CV strategies were employed in the face of an ...
Between ..% and ..% of civilian casualties were inflicted by the ...
However, they did ... civilians with little or no ...
Battle of ... showed difficulty of ... cities
US was willing to sacrifice ... ... to lower ... death toll
What is the 1st principle of the war convention?
... or ... to kill has nothing to do with a ... alternative
Anecdote of reluctance to shoot a ... man
By which author?
Line drawn between ... of an army and an ... who is alone
The ... that is inherent in seeing someone as an enemy is ...
HintAnswer
It is the ... side which refuses to put limits in ... of enemy
The extreme form of this is ... warfare
Whatever is neccesary to reduce risk of losing war is ...
Only those engaged in activities ... and ... to enemies can be attacked
For example, people who work in a ... ...
There was some controversy over attacks from
What is the 2nd principle of the war convention?
Evil might occur from an action - good must compensate for it. This is what?
If it is only subject to the rule of .... it provides a blanket ...
Something can be ... but not ...
Such as ...ing before throwing a ... down a ...
Another condition necessary: ... evil should be reduced as far as possible
What is an exception to doctrine of double effect?
because cities are an important ... ...
Total ... were seen as ... but used by ... in WW1
'...' emergency defined by two criteria
these are ... of the danger, and ... of said danger
What if danger is not ... but posed only to a single ...?
The ... and ... of acting as in a supreme emergency would still be true
The only offensive weapon the West had that could hurt Germany was ... ...
Weighing the risk of ... crime against potential ... evil of Nazi triumph
Re atomic bombs, the ... of American war aims must be considered
Now a variety of .. on use of force when civilians involved
Such as army units accompanied by ... advocates, ... advisers, ... approval
Norm of noncombatant ... now an integral part of American military ...
Also a 'subculture of ...', reliant on overwhelming ...
Key to improved success of strategic air war were ... that extended ... of ... aircraft
Up to ..% of British war spending was on the ...
... costs of not spending elsewhere
Bombing was v successful in 1945 at destroying German ... industry and ... systems
When did Germany reach peak production?
They had plenty of .. but lacked ... and ...
Air power certainly ... the war
Hiro and Naga worried Stalin both ... and ...
He quickly moved to invade ...
Hiroshima spurred Hirohito to end the war ... but not ...
Only after shocking Soviet ... and ... did they surrender
Insisted that what remained intact?
Very difficult ... for the ... administration
Why not wait longer before using atomic bombs? 1. ... to ending the war ...
2. justifying ... and ... of bombs
3. ... gains over ....
4. lack of ... not to use them
5. ... of Japanese and desire for ...
Difference between atomic bombing was measured in what?

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
OR
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments

Extras

Top Quizzes Today


Score Distribution

Your Account Isn't Verified!

In order to create a playlist on Sporcle, you need to verify the email address you used during registration. Go to your Sporcle Settings to finish the process.