Science Quiz / Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Which immune response is present at birth?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
TERM - The ability to do work.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What is DNA polymerized by?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
The PMF drives the...?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
What are the three parts of LPS?
QuestionAnswer
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
How many energy carriers are there?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
The four steps of inflammation are?
What is used to kill spores?
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
What does active transport require?
________ modulate specific immune response.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Name the energy carriers.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
What does Botox cause?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
PID is caused by?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Define sterilization.
What does eutrophication cause?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
QuestionAnswer
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Define disinfection.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Define sanitation.
Three purposes of fermentation.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
Define antisepsis.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
TERM - A reducing agent.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What causes UTI?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?

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