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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
How many energy carriers are there?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Three purposes of fermentation.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Define antisepsis.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
What causes UTI?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
What are the three parts of LPS?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
The four steps of inflammation are?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Define sanitation.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
The PMF drives the...?
What is DNA polymerized by?
QuestionAnswer
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
PID is caused by?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
TERM - The ability to do work.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
________ modulate specific immune response.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Which immune response is present at birth?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
What does Botox cause?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
QuestionAnswer
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
TERM - A reducing agent.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Define sterilization.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
What does eutrophication cause?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Name the energy carriers.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Define disinfection.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
What is used to kill spores?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
What does active transport require?
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.

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