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QUIZ: Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
TERM - The ability to do work.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
PID is caused by?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
How many energy carriers are there?
Which immune response is present at birth?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
What are the three parts of LPS?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Define disinfection.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
What is DNA polymerized by?
What is used to kill spores?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Define sterilization.
Name the energy carriers.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
What does Botox cause?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
What causes UTI?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
The four steps of inflammation are?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
TERM - A reducing agent.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
What does active transport require?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
________ modulate specific immune response.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
The PMF drives the...?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Three purposes of fermentation.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Define antisepsis.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Define sanitation.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
What does eutrophication cause?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Which species causes Chlamydia?

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