Science Quiz / Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Define antisepsis.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Define disinfection.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
________ modulate specific immune response.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
What does active transport require?
Name the energy carriers.
What does eutrophication cause?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
TERM - A reducing agent.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
QuestionAnswer
The PMF drives the...?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
What are the three parts of LPS?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Three purposes of fermentation.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
The four steps of inflammation are?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Define sanitation.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
How many energy carriers are there?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
TERM - The ability to do work.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
What does Botox cause?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
What is used to kill spores?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
QuestionAnswer
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
What is DNA polymerized by?
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What causes UTI?
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Define sterilization.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Which immune response is present at birth?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
PID is caused by?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?

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