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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What is used to kill spores?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
The PMF drives the...?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
What does eutrophication cause?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Name the energy carriers.
________ modulate specific immune response.
How many energy carriers are there?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Three purposes of fermentation.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
PID is caused by?
Define sanitation.
Which immune response is present at birth?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Define disinfection.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
What are the three parts of LPS?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
What does Botox cause?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Which species causes Chlamydia?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Define antisepsis.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
What does active transport require?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
The four steps of inflammation are?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
What causes UTI?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
TERM - A reducing agent.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
What is DNA polymerized by?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
Define sterilization.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
TERM - The ability to do work.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.

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