Science Quiz / Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
What does active transport require?
________ modulate specific immune response.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
The PMF drives the...?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
TERM - A reducing agent.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Three purposes of fermentation.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
What does Botox cause?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
What causes UTI?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
QuestionAnswer
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
How many energy carriers are there?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
The four steps of inflammation are?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What is DNA polymerized by?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
What does eutrophication cause?
Define sanitation.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
PID is caused by?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Define disinfection.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
QuestionAnswer
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
What are the three parts of LPS?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Which immune response is present at birth?
Define antisepsis.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
TERM - The ability to do work.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
What is used to kill spores?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Name the energy carriers.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Define sterilization.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.

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