Science Quiz / Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Three purposes of fermentation.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
QuestionAnswer
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
What causes UTI?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
Define disinfection.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
What is used to kill spores?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Name the energy carriers.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
What are the three parts of LPS?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
The four steps of inflammation are?
How many energy carriers are there?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
TERM - The ability to do work.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
PID is caused by?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
QuestionAnswer
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
What does eutrophication cause?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
TERM - A reducing agent.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
What is DNA polymerized by?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
What does Botox cause?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
________ modulate specific immune response.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Define sterilization.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
The PMF drives the...?
What does active transport require?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Define sanitation.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Define antisepsis.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Which immune response is present at birth?

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