Science Quiz / Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
What does eutrophication cause?
________ modulate specific immune response.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
PID is caused by?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
Define disinfection.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
What is used to kill spores?
Name the energy carriers.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
What are the three parts of LPS?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
QuestionAnswer
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
How many energy carriers are there?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Which immune response is present at birth?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Define sterilization.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Three purposes of fermentation.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Define sanitation.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
QuestionAnswer
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
What causes UTI?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
What does Botox cause?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
The four steps of inflammation are?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
What is DNA polymerized by?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
TERM - A reducing agent.
What does active transport require?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
TERM - The ability to do work.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
The PMF drives the...?
Define antisepsis.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template

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