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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What does eutrophication cause?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
What causes UTI?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
How many energy carriers are there?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
What does Botox cause?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
What does active transport require?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
TERM - A reducing agent.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
What is used to kill spores?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
What are the three parts of LPS?
Define sterilization.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
________ modulate specific immune response.
Define disinfection.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
TERM - The ability to do work.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Define antisepsis.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
What is DNA polymerized by?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Name the energy carriers.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Three purposes of fermentation.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
The four steps of inflammation are?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
The PMF drives the...?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Which immune response is present at birth?
PID is caused by?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Define sanitation.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with

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