Science Quiz / Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
What does active transport require?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
How many energy carriers are there?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
What does eutrophication cause?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
TERM - A reducing agent.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
TERM - The ability to do work.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Three purposes of fermentation.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Define sterilization.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Define disinfection.
What is used to kill spores?
The PMF drives the...?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
QuestionAnswer
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Which immune response is present at birth?
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Define sanitation.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
________ modulate specific immune response.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
The four steps of inflammation are?
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
QuestionAnswer
What does Botox cause?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What are the three parts of LPS?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Name the energy carriers.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
What is DNA polymerized by?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
What causes UTI?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
PID is caused by?
Define antisepsis.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.

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