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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
The PMF drives the...?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
What causes UTI?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
TERM - A reducing agent.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
What does Botox cause?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
________ modulate specific immune response.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Define disinfection.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
How many energy carriers are there?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
What does active transport require?
Define antisepsis.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
QuestionAnswer
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
TERM - The ability to do work.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
What is used to kill spores?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
What are the three parts of LPS?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
What is DNA polymerized by?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
The four steps of inflammation are?
Three purposes of fermentation.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Which immune response is present at birth?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
QuestionAnswer
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
PID is caused by?
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
What does eutrophication cause?
Name the energy carriers.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Define sterilization.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Define sanitation.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system

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