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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Define sanitation.
TERM - The ability to do work.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Which immune response is present at birth?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
How many energy carriers are there?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
What does active transport require?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
QuestionAnswer
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Define disinfection.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Three purposes of fermentation.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Name the energy carriers.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
The PMF drives the...?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
What causes UTI?
What does eutrophication cause?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Define sterilization.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
What are the three parts of LPS?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
PID is caused by?
QuestionAnswer
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
What is DNA polymerized by?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
What does Botox cause?
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Define antisepsis.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
The four steps of inflammation are?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
TERM - A reducing agent.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
________ modulate specific immune response.
What is used to kill spores?

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