Science Quiz / Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Define sterilization.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
What does active transport require?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
What are the three parts of LPS?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
PID is caused by?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
What does eutrophication cause?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
The PMF drives the...?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
How many energy carriers are there?
The four steps of inflammation are?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Name the energy carriers.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
QuestionAnswer
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Define sanitation.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
What is used to kill spores?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
TERM - The ability to do work.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Three purposes of fermentation.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
TERM - A reducing agent.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
What causes UTI?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
QuestionAnswer
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
What does Botox cause?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Define antisepsis.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Which immune response is present at birth?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Define disinfection.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
________ modulate specific immune response.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
What is DNA polymerized by?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?

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