Science Quiz / World of Chem:Food Midterm 2 #4

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Can you name the World of Chem:Food Midterm 2 #4?

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QuestionAnswer
___ can spread when people don't wash their hands at restaurants.
The recent E. coli outbreak in spinach was traced back to a wild pig pooping in a spinach patch in ___.
___ toxin contamination was found in carrot juice (this toxin is produced by bacteria called Clostridium botulinum)
Today, only about __% of the population produces food whereas this number used to be 70% not too long ago.
Robbert Gibbon Johnson, an American lawyer, ate a ___ (and later more) in front of the whole town to show that they were safe
The previous answer was previously believed to be toxic because they were in the same family as the ___ plant which was toxic.
___ causes the red colour in tomatoes, is a strong antioxidant and is linked with a reduced risk of prostate and cervical cancer
In 1850, Arthur Hasall saw that a steel fork became coated with ___ when he mashed gooseberries since they had been doped with this element to make them green.
___ was added to watered down milk.
___ and boric acid was sprinkled on meat and fish to slow spoilage.
Lard was added to ___ to 'extend' it.
___ are potentially toxic substances and are used to kill bugs, bacteria, etc
Cucumbers are treated with ___ (a pesticide) that if not appropriately diluted, can be harmful to humans.
High amounts of the previous answer blocks ___ ___, an enzyme required to break down acetylcholine and cholinergic symptoms can arise.
___ in fish is another example of unintentional toxins in fish because we use coal to generate electricity and mercury vapour ends up in water.
___ is a fish that is rarely contaminated with the previous answer.
___ is a naturally occurring toxin made from the Hemlock plant that the ancient greeks used to make prisoners drink.
___ is a natural compound that the potato produces that can be toxic (natural insecticide) and is found in the green colour part of potatoes.
The fly agaric mushroom (Amanita muscaria) produces ___ which is a toxin that can kill flies and has killed people.
___ (toxins from fungi) such as aflatoxins, ochratoxin A, patulin and fusarium have been found in some breakfast cereals.
___ is dangerous in high quantities and is one of the most potent carcinogens that have been identified.
the mold that produces aflatoxin grows on peanuts, corn and ___ (occurs in moist conditions)
___ is a natural toxin found in cheese and red wine.
The previous answer is a ___ meaning it can constrict blood vessels and raise blood pressure.
___ is a drug that can interfere with the decomposition of Tyramine
Fish meat is easily contaminated by bacteria and can produce enzymes which produce ___ by breaking down proteins in spoiled fish meat, which causes allergic reactions.
___ ___ occurs after eating fish that contain high levels of the previous answer (type of allergic reaction where one gets burning and tingling sensations in the mouth and rash on
Histamine allergies can be treated with antihistamines like ___.
Eating ___ can cause ciguatera poisoning cause d by the ciguatera toxin originating from from marine plants.
One of the more dangerous symptoms of ciguatera poisoning is ___/___ reversal.
___ is a Japanese delicacy that produces a compound called tetrodotoxin. Chefs must be trained for 2 years to remove the toxin properly.
The zombie cucumber contains atropine and scopolamine which counters the paralytic effect of ___.
___ ___ is found in contaminated mussels and is produced by algae in water.
The previous answer can cause sever long-term ___ impairment.
The ___ ___ is used to make tapioca pudding and can release cyanide (can be avoided by leaving the roots out to dry for a few days)
___ plant root contains glycyrrhizinic acid which can reduce potassium in the body, causing paralysis (treated with KCl)
QuestionAnswer
___ plant contains pyrrolizidine alkaloids which can cause liver damage. Some people believe this plant has 'healing powers', sometimes made into tea.
___ is a body chemistry problem where the body does not produce enough insulin or does not respond to the insulin hormone
PKU (Phenylketonurea) is a genetic condition where individuals can't metabolize ___
The previous answer is required to produce proteins and enzymes in the body and if it is not metabolize properly, it accumulates in the ___ and causes mental retardation.
People diagnosed with PKU (1 in 20000 babies) must avoid proteins, ___ (artificial sweetener) and other foods with high phenylalanine
__% of people can't digest lactose.
People who have ___ ___ do not absorb fructose through the intestinal wall and it instead builds up in the digestive tract and is degraded by bacteria.
Hereditary Fructose Intolerance (Fructose-1-Phosphate Aldolase Deficiency) causes ___ (low levels of blood glucose)
Heretiary Fructose Intolerance means normal fructose metabolic pathway is not completed, intermediate structures accumulate and the body's use of ___ is interfered with.
People with favism (Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency have an adverse reaction to ___ ___ (in mediterranean diet).
Favism causes the abnormal breakdown of ___ ___ cells, interfering with oxygen transport.
___ (Greek philosopher) suffered from Favism.
Gluten-rich foods include wheat, rye, barley, spelt, ___, and sometimes oats.
___ is the protein in gluten that generates the auto-immune response in the body. It is seen as a 'foreign' agent by the immune system.
___ are involved in this immune system response and damage the villi in the small intestine.
Celiac causes poor absorption of iron, calcium, protein and ___ ___.
Celiac was first described by Dr. ___ ___ in 1888.
Dr. Willem K. Dicke discovered that gluten was the associative agent of Celiac Disease because his patients in Denmark were starved of ___.
Only about __% of patients who test positive in the Anti-Gliadin Antibody test have the disease.
Anti-Tissue Transglutaminase test (Anti-tTG) is another diagnostic test that is ___(more/less) conclusive and sensitive and conclusive than the anti-gliadin antibody test.
1 in ___ people are diagnosed with celiac disease but more probably have it to lesser extents.
Celiac disease may be linked with ___-___ ___ for reasons unknown.
Celiac disease increases the risk of osteoporosis and is connected to headaches, behavioral problems, ___ and neurological problems.
1/200 may have '___ Celiac Disease' where the individual is positive for Anti-Gliadin antibodies but has no symptoms.
Allergy symptoms are caused by ___ released by the body.
___ is the most serious symptom of food allergy and can kill you in as little as 4 minutes.
allergic reaction is usually to a ___ in a certain food.
The epi-pen is the antidote to anaphylaxis. It instantly dilates the ___ ___ so that you can breathe and it speeds up the heart.
Early ___ may predispose people to allergies.
The previous question was learned from ___.
___ food allergies give you symptoms like an allergic reaction but is not immune system mediated (something in the food causes the problems).
Dr. ___ ___ believed that people might have reactions to foods that they consume very often and wrote a book about it.
The elimination diet starts with cooked ___ and lamb since virtually nobody reacts to these foods.
Often, the stuff you react to is something you crave in the diet and when eliminated from the diet, you can actually demonstrate ___ symptoms.
Less than __% of the population has the masked food allergy.
___ is a condition where eating too much sugar can cause a drop in blood sugar since a lot of insulin is quickly release and absorbs the glucose into cells.
QuestionAnswer
___ (an amino acid) is more easily absorbed into muscles than into the brain.
When insulin is released, competing amino acids to the previous answer are more easily absorbed into the muscle leaving it to be absorbed in the ___.
Tryptophan is the precursor to ___.
___ is an amino acid that enhances alretness because it is the body's precursor to norepinephrine and epinephrine.
_ vitamins and C vitamins are said to make you alert because they are cofactors in the cascade reaction leading up to the production of adrenaline (weak argument).
___ reactions are those whose unerlying mechanisms are not well understood but are easy to discover.
___ (food colour) can generate an asthmatic reaction.
___s such as sodium ___ is a preservative in jams and soft drinks that can cause headaches, nausea and upset stomach.
___ are used as preservatives in grape juice, raisins and dried apricots and can cause very serious breathing problems (will often react to the odor of a match).
___ can cause chinese restaurant syndrome or very serious breathing difficulties.
Spicy foods such as chilli peppers contain ___ and will cause a person's eyes to water and nose to run.
It is estimated that 2,000,000 illnesses a year are caused by ___ in Canada.
___ ___ is when bacteria in our body begin to multiply when inside our body and cause problems due to the large amount of them. Can be fixed with heat (fever), immune system, other
___ ___ occurs when bacteria produce toxins and can not always be prevented by cooking food as toxins can exist after bacteria are killed.
___ are very prone to bacteria because they grow in a very high moisture environment (which is prone to salmonella growth).
Salmonella can be found on the surface of ___.
Cooked foods should be kept ___ so that bacteria can not grow on them.
___-___ can occur when raw meat is in contact with a surface and then cooked meat is put on that surface (e.g. cutting board).
Your refrigerator should be kept below __degrees Celcius
___ ___ is a bacterium with an incubation period of 2-5 days, found often in dairy products.
The previous answer stays in your digestive tract and causes ___.
It can also cause Guillain Barre syndrome which is a neurological reaction that can lead to paralysis. Occurs when the immune system attacks the ___ ___.
Guillain Barre Syndrome is similar to ___ ___ but it has a sudden onset instead of coming on over time.
___ monocytogenes is a bacteria that can grow at refrigerator temperatures and is mostly found in high protein foods like cheese and meats.
The previous answer can get into the bloodstream and cause encephalitis and ___.
___ are bacteria that produce toxins and can grow on potatoes. If they are sitting out at room temperature for long enough, they can produce enough toxins to be dangerous.
Clostridium botulinum are bacteria that produce ___ toxin. 0.0000001 grams of this toxin can kill.
The previous is an ___ organism meaning it can only replicate in absence of air (which is why it lives in hot dogs/sausages).
Botulin can be used to eliminate ___ when injected.
E. coli 0157:H7 is the bacteria that caused '___ disease' and can be killed when the meat is cooked.
Precooking makes E. coli ___(easier/harder) to kill when cooking.
Hamburgers need to be cooked to an internal temperature of __ degrees Celsius.
Food ___, exposing food to gamma rays, will properly sterilize food.
Unpasteurized juices are a concern because fruit can be picked up from the ground where they may have been contaminated with ___ matter.
___ is caused by a virus, has an incubation period of 15-50 days and the infection can last for months (usually transmitted by the oral-fecal route).
A restaurant called Chi-Chi's was closed due to propagation of hepatitis to many of their customers and was traced back to ___ imported from Mexico where they were grown using manu

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