Science Quiz / Chapter 12: Circulation

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Can you name the Chapter 12: Circulation?

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Question:
Invertebrates have __ circulation
Open circulation has __ pressure
Vertebrates have __ circulation
Closed circulation has __ pressure
Two types of circulation
Cells with absence of a stable resting potential
All cardiac cells are electrically joined by
Atrial node
Ventricular node
Carries impulse to bundle branches
Carry signal to tip of ventricle
Summation of AP's of all heart cells
P Wave
QRS Wave
T Wave
Chronotropic
Ionotropic
Parasympathetic Nerve
Secreted by vagus
Sympathetic nerves release
NE bids to
Blood pumper per unit time
Speed of heart beatings
Volume ejected by ventricle during one systole
Stroke volume vs filling pressure
Contraction
Relaxation
Smooth flow
Energetic and noisy flow
High compliance
Ok compliance
All blood vessels are lined with
Epithelial layer of capilarries
Muscular layer of capillaries
Outer layer of capillaries
Opening in interatrial septum
Junction between pulmonary artery and systematic arch
Allows system to equalize pressure and maintain flow to distal arteries
Change in volume / Change in pressure
Pathway to give/take blood
Pressure reservoir
Volume Reservoir
Counter system between arteries and veins that regulates limb temperature
Capillaries in brain always
Capillaries in skin almost always
Tight junction
Help form BBB
Skeletal muscle, neuronal tissues, and lungs have __ capillaries
Kidneys have __ capillaries
Liver and bone have __ capillaries
In capillary bed, __ pressure pushes fluid out of artery
In capillary bed, __ pressure brings 90% fluid back in
__ vessels drain the remaining 10% of the fluid
If interstitial fluid is not drained; an __ is produced
Question:
__ causing edema increases osmotic pressure
__ causing edema decreases osmotic perssure
__ of __ prevents the kidney tissue from swelling during ultrafiltration
lymphatic capillaries carry fluid toward the
capillaries -> veins -> _____
After the above follows _____ -> superior vena cava
Disease where lymphatic channels are blocked
The above disease is also known as
In the above disease ____ ____ block the channels
Cells that produce antibodies
Cells that destroy pathogens
Cells that increase number and effect of preivious two
General name of above cells
Center that regulates heart beat and blood vessels
Sympathetic efferent center
Parasympathetic efferent center
What responds to changes in pressure in arteries?
What responds to changes in chemicals in arteries?
Of the subject above, which two are the best known
Cardiac sensory receptors are
Hormone released when cells in the atrium stretch by the atrial receptors
Ventricular myelinated fibers in low level stimulation produce an increase in
Ventricular myelinated fibers in high level stimulation produce
Ventricular unmyelinated fibers in low level stimulation produce a decrease in
Ventricular unmyelinated fibers in high level stimulation produce
Does skeletal muscle have a higher number of efferent or afferent fibers?
Static (isometric) exercise increases
Dynamic (isotonic) exercise increases
Alpha-adrenoreceptors stimulated by high levels of epinehrpine cause
Beta-adrenoreceptors stimulated by low levels of epinephrine cause
Which beta receptors in the heart are stimulated by both adrenergic nerves and circulating catecholamines?
What neuromodulator ameliorates the effects of catecholamines in the heart?
Stimulation of sympathetic nerves causes ____ ___ and rise in __
Increase in catecholamines results in ____ ____, decrease in _____, and a net rise in ____
Vessels ____ stretching
Heat causes
Cool causes
Increase in metabolism causes ______, oxygen to _____, and carbon dioxide to _____
Increase blood flow is known as
Ceased blood flow is known as
Endothelial compounds
Nitric oxide (NO) regulates blood flow and pressure by causing vascular _____ muscle to _____
NO causes an increase in _____, which stimulates the phosphorylation of _______, and inhibits the synthesis of _______ _________
IP3 relaxes muscle by inhibiting ___ release
Nitroglycerin produces ___, and leads to a decrease in ___
Prostacyclin produces ______ in vessels, and inhibits ______ ________; it acts as an agonist of thromboxane
Adenosine causes coronary ________, and increases __ while decreasing __
3 inflammatory mediators that cause edema
The three mediators cause ______ of the vessels
Angiotensisn causes ____ of the vessels
Exercise increases blood flow to ____ and increases __ by decreasing ______ _________
Exercise causes only a small change in __
The diving reflex causes
Blood flow to ______ decreases and goes mostly to _____ and _____

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