History Quiz / U. S. Federal Agencies

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Can you name the federal agencies of the United States federal government (and this is NOT all of them!)?

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BranchDepartment, Agency or OfficeYear Established & Purpose
Executive Branch1950 - maintains the National Defense Reserve Fleet as a ready source of ships for use during national emergencies and logistically supports the military when needed
Executive Branch2003 - responsible for identifying, investigating and dismantling vulnerabilities regarding the nation's border, economic, transportation, and infrastructure security
Executive Branch1920 - formulates standards and policies to promote the welfare of wage-earning women, improving their working conditions, increasing their efficiency, and advancing their opportunities
Executive Branch1990 - responsible for performing contract administration services for the Department of Defense and other authorized federal agencies
Executive BranchAdministers programs that include assistance with welfare, child support enforcement, adoption assistance, foster care, child care, and child abuse
Independent1961 - responsible for administering civilian foreign aid
Executive Branch1867 - operates more than 250 commissaries worldwide, selling groceries and household goods to active-duty, Guard, Reserve, and retired service members and eligible members of their families at cost plus surchage
Executive Branch1992 - compiles, analyzes, and makes information on transportation systems accessible, collects information on intermodal transportation and other areas as needed, and improves the quality and effectiveness of the Department of Transportation's statistical programs
Executive Branch1830 - produces positioning, navigation, and timing for the navy and the Department of Defense
Executive Branch1980 - promotes U.S. exports of nonagricultural services and goods
Executive BranchResponsible for overseeing the administration of bankruptcy cases and private trustees
Legislative Branch1861 - prints documents produced by and for the federal government
Executive Branch2002 - responsible for developing a layered defense against ballistic missiles
Independent1979 - manages the civilian personnel functions of the federal government
Executive Branch2002 - promotes national security, eliminates immigration case backlogs, and improves citizenship customer services
Independent1933 - federally owned corporation that provides navigation, flood control, electricity generation, fertilizer manufacturing, and economic development in the Tennessee Valley
Executive Branch1965 - the first and largest technological college in the world for students who are deaf and hard of hearing
Independent1970 - protects human health and the environment by writing and enforcing regulations
Executive Branch1970 - prevents work-related injuries, illnesses, and occupational fatality by issuing and enforceing standards for workplace safety and health
Executive Branch1965 - responsible for performing all contract audits for the Department of Defense and providing accounting and financial advisory services regarding contracts and subcontracts to all DoD components responsible for procurement and contract administration
Executive Branch1977 - oversees the general administration of the entire Executive Office of the President
Executive Branch1789 - the enforcement arm of the federal courts, protects court officers and buildings and ensure the effective operation of the judicial system; the oldest federal law enforcement office
Executive Branch1979 - coordinates the response to a disaster that has occurred in the U.S. and that overwhelms the resources of local and state authorities
Executive Branch1961 - a producer and manager of military intelligence
Executive BranchMaintains 130 of the 146 national cemeteries
Executive Branch1916 - manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties
Executive Branch1969 - coordinates federal environmental efforts and works in the development of environmental and energy policies and initiatives
Executive BranchProvides financial and technical assistance, transfer of defense materiel, training and services to allies, and promotes military-to-military contacts
Executive Branch1938 - responsible for the Department of Agriculture's overseas programs
Executive BranchAdministers grant programs that provide academic and supportive services to the children of families who migrate to find work in the agricultural and fishing industries
Executive Branch1790 - responsible for maritime safety, maritime security, and maritime stewardship; may be transferred from the Department of Homeland Security to the Department of Defense in times of war
Executive BranchSource of economic information and research from the Department of Agriculture
Executive Branch1952 - responsible for the collection and analysis of foreign communications and foreign signals intelligence, as well as protecting government communications and information systems
Executive BranchResponsible for implementation and administration of the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000 and the disability provisions of the Help America Vote Act
Executive BranchDevelops, distributes, and processes the Free Application for Federal Student Aid - FAFSA - as well as for many state, regional and private student aid programs
Legislative Branch1897 - maintains records of copyright registration in the U. S.
Executive Branch1967 - specializes in highway transportation
Legislative Branch1800 - the national library; the research library of the Congress
Executive Branch1988 - establishes policies, priorities and objectives to eradicate illicit drug use, manufacturing, and trafficking, drug-related crime and violence, and drug-related health consequences
Executive BranchResponsible for biomedical and health-related research
Legislative Branch1793 - responsible for the maintenance, operation, development and preservation of the U. S. Capitol Complex
Executive Branch1965 - provides grants to economically-distressed communities to generate new employment, help retain existing jobs and stimulate industrial and commercial growth
Executive Branch1902 - oversees water resource management, specifically as it applies to the oversight and/or operation of numerous water diversion, delivery, and storage of hydroelectric power generation projects throughout the West
Executive Branch1970 - writes and enforces safety, theft-resistance and fuel economy standards for motor vehicles, licenses vehicle manufacturers and importers, allows or blocks the import of vehicles and safety-regulated vehicle parts, and develops the test protocols for vehicle safety tests, and provides vehicle insurance cost information
Executive BranchServes as the President's principal advisor on telecommunications policies, economic and technological advancement and regulation of telecommunications
Executive Branch2008 - oversees components of secondary mortgage markets and places federally sponsored entities into recievership or conservatorship
Executive Branch1977 - the statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy
Executive Branch1998 - safeguards American and its interests from weapons of mass destruction by reducing the threat and providing quality tools and services
Executive Branch1960 - a combat support agency with the goal of providing real-time information technology and communications support to the President, Vice President, Secretary of Defense, military, and Combatant Commands
Executive Branch2005 - advances transportation science, technology, and analysis, and improves the coordination of transportation research within the Department and throughout the transportation community
Judicial Branch1967 - the education and research agency of the federal courts
Executive Branch1947 - coordinates and supervises all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and the armed forces
Executive Branch1975 - an interagency law enforcement training organization
Independent1961 - a volunteer program run by the federal government
Executive Branch1974 - promotes economic and social self-sufficiency for American Indians, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, and other Native Pacific Islanders
Executive Branch1970 - provides high quality job training, employment, labor market information, and income maintenance services primarily through state and local workforce development systems
Independent1967 - private non-profit corporation created by an act of Congress and partially funded by the federal government to promote public broadcasting
Executive Branch1997 - provides cash assistance to indigent American families with dependent children through the Department of Health and Human Services
Executive Branch1992 - improves the quality and availability of prevention, treatment, and rehabilitative services in order to reduce illness, death, disability, and cost to society resulting from substance abuse and mental illnesses
Executive Branch2001 - responsible for security in all modes of transportation
Executive Branch1969 - promotes growth and competitiveness of minority-owned businesses
Executive BranchPromotes academic excellence, enhance educational opportunities and equity for children and families and improves the quality of teaching and learning by providing leadership, technical assistance, and financial support
Executive Branch1994 - provides public utilities to rural areas in the U.S. via public-private partnerships; formerly the Rural Electrification Administration
Executive Branch1947 - responsible for aerial warfare and space warfare
Executive Branch1901 - a measurement standards laboratory which is a non-regulatory agency of the Commerce Department
BranchDepartment, Agency or OfficeYear Established & Purpose
Executive Branch1996 - helps producers manage their business risks through effective, market-based risk management solutions
Executive Branch1939 - the immediate staff of the U. S. President
Executive Branch1958 - responsible for the development of new technology for use by the military
Independent1958 - responsible for the nation's civilian space program and aeronautics and aerospace research
Executive Branch1824 - responsible for the administration and management of land held in trust for Native Americans, Native American Tribes, and Alaska Natives
Executive Branch1970 - provides several financial services for the federal government
Executive Branch1982 - manages natural gas, oil, and other mineral resources on the outer continental shelf
Executive Branch1940 - responsible for borrowing the money needed to operate the federal government
Executive Branch1946 - made up of three economists that advise the President on economic policy
Executive Branch1977 - responsible with policies regarding energy and safety in handling nuclear material
Executive Branch2000 - improves national security through the military application of nuclear energy
Executive Branch1972 - responsible for protecting animal health, animal welfare, and plant health
Executive Branch1905 - administers the 155 national forests and 20 national grasslands
Independent2004 - serves as the principal advisor to the President, National Security Council and Homeland Security Council on intelligence matters, heads the sixteen-member Intelligence Community, and oversees and directs the National Intelligence Program
Executive Branch2002 - civilian criminal investigation agency that's responsible for protection of The Pentagon
Executive Branch1994 - implements farm conservation and regulation laws
Executive BranchA system of facilities and laboratories overseen by the Department of Energy that advances science and helps promote U.S. economic and defensive national interests
Executive Branch1961 - produces, analyzes and disseminates national economic and demographic data
Executive BranchProvides leadership to achieve full integration and participation in society of people with disabilities by ensuring equal opportunity and access to education, employment and community living
Executive Branch2003 - regulates and facilitates international trade, collecting import duties, and enforcing regulations, including trade, customs, and immigration
Independent1953 - provides support for small businesses
Executive Branch1994 - facilitates the marketing of livestock, poultry, meat, cereals, oilseeds, and related agricultural products, and promotes fair and competitive trading practices for the benefit of consumers and American agriculture
Independent1933 - provides deposit insurance, examines and supervises certain financial institutions for safety and soundness, performs consumer-protection functions, and manages banks in receiverships
Executive Branch1954 - adjudicates claims of U.S. nationals against foreign governments
Executive Branch1965 - develops and executes policies on housing and metropolises
Executive Branch1956 - advises the President concerning the quality and adequacy of intelligence collection, of analysis and estimates, of counterintelligence, and of other intelligence activities
Executive Branch1934 - improves housing standards and conditions, provides an adequate home financing system through insurance of mortgage loans, and stabilizes the mortgage market
Executive BranchProvides benefits and services to the veterans and their families
Executive Branch1865 - prevents and investigates currency counterfeiting and major fraud and ensures the safety of current and former national leaders and their families
Independent1972 - protects against unreasonable risks of injuries associated with consumer products
Executive Branch2002 - the primary research arm of the Department of Education
Executive Branch1977 - provides consolidated administrative and operational support to several Defense agencies, DoD Field Activities, the headquarters and various elements of the military departments, the White House, and the Congress
Independent1913 - the central banking system of the U.S.
Legislative Branch1995 - administers and enforces civil rights, labor, and workplace safety and health laws within the Congress and its associated agencies
Independent1775 - responsible for providing postal service
Executive BranchProvides centralized management of prisoner of war/missing personnel affairs within the Department of Defense
Executive BranchThe principal in-house research agency of the Department of Agriculture
Executive Branch1946 - administers public lands and subsurface mineral estate underlying federal, state and private lands
Independent1947 - responsible for providing national security intelligence to senior policymakers
Executive BranchOperates homeownership options to individuals, housing rehabilitation and preservation funding, rental assistance, farm labor housing, development of multi-family housing projects, and operates community facilities
Executive Branch1930 - responsible for the administration of the federal prison system
Executive Branch1903 - promotes economic growth
Executive BranchA federal agency with the responsibility for marketing hydropower
Independent1934 - enforces the federal securities laws and regulates the securities industry, stock and options exchanges, and other electronic securities markets
Executive Branch1969 - responsible for administering the nation's domestic nutrition assistance programs
Executive Branch1961 - the statistical branch of the Department of Agriculture
Independent1965 - enforces laws against workplace discrimination
Executive Branch1967 - promulgates and enforces rail safety regulations, administers railroad assistance programs, conducts research and development for improved railraod safety and rail transportation policy, and consolidates federal support for rail transportation services
Executive Branch1778 - administers and operates veterans outpatient clinics, hospitals, medical centers and longterm healthcare facilities
Executive Branch1992 - primary security, counter-intelligence, counter-terrorism, and law enforcement agency of the U.S. Navy
Legislative Branch1828 - charged with protecting the Congress within D.C. and throughout the U.S.
Executive BranchAdministers the Medicare program and works in partnership with state governments to administer Medicaid, the State Children's Health Insurance Program, and health insurance portability standards
Executive Branch1972 - facilitates personnel security investigations for the Department of Defense, supervises industrial security, and performs security education and awareness training
Executive Branch1862 - designs and produces a variety of security products for the federal government, including paper currency
Executive Branch1973 - combats drug smuggling and use
Executive Branch1789 - responsible for international relations of the U.S.
Executive Branch1970 - scientific agency focused on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere
Executive Branch1884 - the principal fact-finding agency for the federal government in the field of labor economics and statistics
Independent1971 - provides intercity passenger train service in the U.S.
Executive Branch1930 - responsible for granting or denying parole and supervises those released on parole
Executive Branch1940 - manages fish, wildlife and habitats
Executive Branch1932 - provides technical assistance to farmers and other private landowners and managers
Independent1935 - conducts elections for labor union representation and investigates and remedies unfair labor practices
Independent1914 - promotes consumer protection and the elimination and prevention of anti-competitive business practices
Legislative Branch1974 - provides economic data to Congress
BranchDepartment, Agency or OfficeYear Established & Purpose
Executive Branch1798 - responsible for naval warfare and providing force projection from the sea
Executive Branch2002 - responsible for protecting the territory of the country from terrorist attacks and responding to natural disasters
Executive Branch1953 - protects the health of all Americans and providing essential human services
Executive Branch1989 - a government-run military veteran benefit system
Executive Branch1970 - oversees the preparation of the federal budget and supervises budget administration
Executive BranchAwards annual grants to state government agencies on aging and Native American tribal organizations to support programs mandated by the Congress in the Older Americans Act
Legislative Branch1914 - the public policy research arm of the Congress
Executive Branch1979 - formulates and administers federal funding for education, collects data on schools, and enforces federal education laws
Executive Branch1977 - responsible for ensuring that the nation's commercial supply of meat, poultry, and egg products is safe, wholesome, and correctly labeled and packaged
Executive Branch1849 - responsible for the management and conservation of most federal land and natural resources and the administration of policies relating to Native Americans, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, territorial affairs, and insular areas
Executive Branch1879 - a scientific agency that studies the landscape of the U.S., its natural resources, and the natural hazards that threaten it
Executive Branch1990 - runs programs intended to improve the economy and quality of life in rural America
Executive Branch1789 - represent the federal government in U.S. federal court
Judicial Branch1939 - the administrative agency of the federal court system
Executive Branch2000 - regulates the trucking industry
Executive Branch1947 - manages the international responsibilities of the Department of Labor
Executive Branch1789 - manages government revenue
Executive Branch1792 - produces circulating coinage
Executive Branch1977 - responsible for interstate electricity sales, wholesale electric rates, hydroelectric licensing, natural gas pricing, and oil pipeline rates
Executive Branch1972 - investigates and prevents federal offenses involving the unlawful use, manufacture, and possession of firearms and explosives, acts of arson and bombings, and illegal trafficking of alcohol and tobacco products
Executive Branch1789 - responsible for land-based military operations
Executive Branch1862 - the library of the Department of Agriculture
Legislative Branch1921 - the audit, evaluation, and investigative arm of the Congress
Independent1965 - offers support and funding for projects exhibiting artistic excellence
Executive Branch1908 - the federal criminal investigative body and national internal intelligence agency
Executive BranchSupports research designed to improve the outcomes and quality of health care, reduce its costs, address patient safety and medical errors, and broaden access to effective services
Executive BranchDeals with issues involving national security and high technology
Executive Branch2004 - ensures the safe and secure movement of shipments of hazardous materials by all modes of transportation
Executive Branch1862 - responsible for collecting taxes and the interpretation and enforcement of the Internal Revenue Code
Executive Branch1964 - provides financial and technical assistance to local public transit systems
Independent1975 - discloses campaign finance information, enforces laws such as the limits and prohibitions on contributions and oversees the public funding of Presidential elections
Executive Branch1961 - provides supplies to the military services and supports their acquisition of weapons and other materiel
Executive Branch1961 - designs, builds, and operates the spy satellites of the U.S. government
Executive Branch1870 - responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice
Executive Branch1944 - a repository of scientific and technical documents for the Department of Defense
Executive Branch1906 - responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety, tobacco products, dietary supplements, prescription and over-the-counter pharmaceutical drugs, vaccines, biopharmaceuticals, blood transfusions, medical devices, electromagnetic radiation emitting devices, veterinary products, and cosmetics
Executive Branch1966 - responsible for federal oversight of transportation
Executive Branch1977 - administers the provisions of the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 to enforce compliance with mandatory safety and health standards
Executive Branch1982 - improves access to health care services for people who are uninsured, isolated or medically vulnerable
Independent1934 - preserves and documents government and historical records and increases public access to those documents
Judicial Branch1984 - articulates the sentencing guidelines for the federal courts
Executive Branch1996 - collects, analyzes, and distributes geospatial intelligence in support of national security
Executive Branch1955 - responsible for providing medical and public health services to members of federally recognized Tribes and Alaska Natives
Independent1935 - administers Social Security, a social insurance program consisting of retirement, disability, and survivors' benefits
Executive Branch1992 - works to protect public health and safety by providing information to enhance health decisions, and it promotes health through partnerships with state health departments and other organizations
Legislative Branch1876 - provides guided tours of the interior of the Capitol Building for the general public
Executive Branch2009 - a panel of non-governmental experts from business, labor, academia and elsewhere that reports regularly to the President and his economic team on economic crises and possible responses to it
Executive Branch1958 - regulates and oversees all aspects of civil aviation in the U.S.
Executive Branch1970 - administers the provisions of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974
Executive Branch1947 - the principal Presidential forum for considering national security and foreign policy matters
Executive Branch1976 - advises the President on the effects of science and technology on domestic and international affairs
Independent1975 - prohibits fraudulent conduct in the trading of futures contracts
Executive Branch1913 - responsible for occupational safety, wage and hour standards, unemployment insurance benefits, re-employment services, and some economic statistics
Independent1934 - regulates all non-federal use of the radio spectrum and all interstate communications as well as all international communications that originate or end in the U.S.
Executive Branch1962 - develops and recommends U. S. trade policy to the President, conducts trade negotiations, and coordinates trade policy within the government
Executive Branch1933 - a government corporation that stabilizes, supports, and protects farm income and prices
Executive BranchProvide testing, standardization, grading and market news services for agricultural commodities and oversees marketing agreements and orders, administers research and promotion programs, and purchases commodities for federal food programs
Executive Branch2009 - consolidates all federally-funded agricultural research, and will be subordinate to the Department of Agriculture; formerly known as the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service
Executive Branch1991 - provides finance and accounting services for the civil and military members of the Department
Executive Branch1889 - responsible for developing and executing federal policy on farming, agriculture, and food
Executive BranchOffers free-of-charge education and vocational training to youth ages 16 to 24
Independent1975 - oversees reactor safety and security, reactor licensing and renewal, radioactive material safety, security and licensing, and spent fuel management
Executive BranchIssues patents to inventors and businesses for their inventions, and trademark registration for product and intellectual property identification

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