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Anatomy Digestive and Urinary Systems Quiz Stats

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Hint Answer % Correct
Organ for production of urine, located in retroperitoneal space, contains a cortex, medulla w/ pyramids to a pelvis to ureterKidney
75%
Beginning of large intestine, holds contents for hours, absorbs water in fecesCecum
62.5%
First part of small intestine, retroperitoneal, Papilla of Vater, Artery: Celiac trunk, Vein: Superior mesenteric to portal veinDuodenum
50%
2nd part of small intestine, 6-8 feet, loops of bowel, mesentery stalkJejunum
50%
3rd part of small intestine, 12 feet, loops of bowel, ends at ileocecal valveIleum
50%
Flexure between transverse and descending colon, upper left quadrantLeft or splenic flexure
50%
Valve b/w small and large intestineIleocecal valve
50%
Content of small intestineChime
50%
Salivary gland, 25% of saliva, right and left buccal region, produces amylaseParotid glands
50%
Salivary gland, inframandibular bilaterally, 70% of salivaSubmandibular gland
50%
Salivary gland, beneath tongue, 5% of saliva, greatest producer of mucus, least producer of amylaseSublingual gland
50%
Emulsifies fats into small droplets, enters duodenum at papilla of vater, for lipid digestion, from liverBile Salts
50%
Produced by small intestine, converts lactose into glucose and galactoseLactase
50%
Contains glucose and galactoseLactose
50%
Contains glucose and fructoseSucrose
50%
Produced by small intestine, converts maltose into 2 glucoseMaltase
50%
Produced by small intestine, converts sucrose into a glucose and a fructoseSucrase
50%
Pigment involved in the catabolism of red blood cells, causes yellow pigment of urine and brown color of feces, secreted from liver through bile duct to intestineBilirubin
50%
Opening of common bile duct and pancreatic duct to duodenal wallSphincter of Oddi
50%
Stores bile until it is needed, stimulated by cholecystokinin to release bile, empties into cystic duct then into common bile ductGallbladder
50%
Lymphatic vessel in villi, transports lipids in form of chylomicrons, flows into lymph to left subclavian veinLacteal
50%
Elimination of urine, parasympathetics to bladder wall, contraction, somatic to muscles of perineum for skeletal muscle relaxationMicturition
50%
Blood test for renal health, waste product from digestion of proteinsBlood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
50%
Functional unit of kidney, afferent arteriole enters glomerulus, efferent surrounds proximal tubule and loop of Henle, capillary exchange and distal tubule to collecting duct Nephron
50%
Beginning of tubular system in a nephron, holds glomerulus of arterioles, empties to proximal convoluted tubuleBowman's Capsule
50%
Tubular system b/w proximal and distal convoluted tubules, surrounded by peritubular cavity, descending is permeable to water, ascending is not for reabsorption of Na,K,ClLoop of Henle
50%
Movement from blood in glomerulus to Bowman's capsule, Bp in capillary pushes blood out, osmotic pressure in capillaries, more fluid than turned into urineFiltration
50%
Site of little tubular volume change, poorly permeable, Na, K, Cl reabsorbedDistal convoluted tubule
50%
Hormone from pituitary gland, targets collecting tubule, increases permeability of membrane for water, increases when dehydrated to increase reabsorption of waterAntidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
50%
Nutrient easily filtered, increased absorption means more H2O reterntion, more potassium secretionSodium
50%
Nutrient easily filtered, almost complete reabsorption, controlled by aldosterone, secreted when sodium is reabsorbedPotassium
50%
Flexure between ascending and transverse colon, upper right quadrantRight or hepatic flexure
37.5%
Hint Answer % Correct
Source of trypsin, chymotrypsin, and carboxypeptidase to break down small proteins into smaller proteinsPancreas
37.5%
Bile vessels in lobules of liver, between hepatocytes, bile moves to bile ducts to hepatic ductCanaliculi
37.5%
Subunit of small intestine, projects into lumen, core of connective tissue, surface is columnar cells w/ cilia, water soluble nutrients absorbed into capillaries to hepatic portalVillus
37.5%
Byproduct of muscle, indicator of renal function, high blood level indicates poor kidney function, not reabsorbed into blood, almost entirely to urineCreatinine
37.5%
Anatomical component of kidney, within medulla, tapers to papilla, urine emerges from papilla to calyx system to pelvis of ureterPyramid
37.5%
Interacting space between blood and tubular fluid, site of filtration, afferent arteriole enters and efferent leaves, situated inside Bowman's capsule of nephronGlomerulus
37.5%
Movement of fluid from tubules to blood, substances are filtered easily than move back to blood with no change in blood level across kidneyReabsorption
37.5%
Site of passive reabsorption for about 70% of filtered volumeProximal convoluted tubule
37.5%
Nutrient easily filtered, reabsorbed strongly, none in normal urine, blood level unchanged across kidneyGlucose
37.5%
Nutrient easily filtered, from amino acid breakdown, low blood level, excreted into urine Urea
37.5%
Phase of Gastric Mobility, stimulated by smell, taste,and sight of food, CNS integration by vagus nerve, acid, mucus, pepsin secretionCephalic Phase
25%
Phase of Gastric Mobility, wall receptors, local integration within wall, activates muscle, food entering duodenum stimulates gastrin, gastrin increases movements and secretionGastric phase
25%
Phase of Gastric Mobility, local and hormonal influence, pyloric sphincter to slow emptying, stimulated by nutrients into duodenum, inhibits gastrinIntestinal phase
25%
Content of stomachGastric content
25%
Content of large intestineFeces
25%
Enzyme, cleaves carbohydrates into smaller carbohydrates and into saccharides, produced by salivary ducts and acts in stomach, also pancreasAmylase
25%
Produced by parietal cells of stomach, sterilizes contents and manipulates metals for absorptionHydrochloric acid
25%
Enzyme produced by chief cells of gastric glands, breaks proteins into smaller proteins to amino acidsPepsin
25%
Produced by pancreas, neutralizes acid in duodenum, from duct cells, enters duodenum at ampullaBicarbonate
25%
Produced by pancreas, into duodenum at ampulla, converts triglycerides into fatty acids and glycerolLipase
25%
Contains 2 glucose moleculesMaltose
25%
Source of aminopeptidase, carboxypeptidase, and dipeptidase to convert small proteins into amino acidsSmall intestine
25%
Nervous Stimulates digestion Parasympathetic nervous system
25%
Nervous Inhibits digestionSympathetic Nervous system
25%
Hormone stimulated by chime in duodenum, causes buffer secretion by pancreas, neutralizes acid in duodenum, increase bile production at liverSecretin
25%
Hormone stimulated by chime in duodenum (lipids), increase all enzyme secretion, enhances digestion, contracts gall bladder and relaxes ductsCholecystokinin (CCK)
25%
Hormone stimulated by chime in duodenum, goes to wall of intestine, secretion of intestinal enzymes, dilate blood vessels to increase absorption of nutrientsVasoactive intestinal protein (VIP)
25%
Functional unit of liver, cords of hepatocytes, sinusoids from hepatic artery, capillaries from portal vein, venous drainage to hepatic veinsLobule
25%
Hormone released by cells of duodenum, stimulated by chime entering duodenum, increases stomach acids and movementGastrin
25%
Network of capillaries surrounding tubular system of nephron, creates barrier-tubular epithelium->basement membrane->interstitial space->capillary endotheliumPeritubular Capillaries
25%
Movement from blood in peritubular capillary to tubule past glomerulusSecretion
25%
Hormone, controls blood flow to kidney, from adrenal cortex, increases blood volume, Na reabsorption, K secretion, decreased flow to kidney causes process to release aldosteroneAldosterone
25%

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Created Apr 14, 2019ReportNominate
Tags:Anatomy Quiz, digestive, system

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