Science Quiz / Anatomy Digestive and Urinary Systems

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Can you name the Anatomy Digestive and Urinary Systems?

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2nd part of small intestine, 6-8 feet, loops of bowel, mesentery stalk
Bile vessels in lobules of liver, between hepatocytes, bile moves to bile ducts to hepatic duct
Flexure between transverse and descending colon, upper left quadrant
Beginning of tubular system in a nephron, holds glomerulus of arterioles, empties to proximal convoluted tubule
Valve b/w small and large intestine
Elimination of urine, parasympathetics to bladder wall, contraction, somatic to muscles of perineum for skeletal muscle relaxation
Contains 2 glucose molecules
Contains glucose and fructose
Site of little tubular volume change, poorly permeable, Na, K, Cl reabsorbed
Byproduct of muscle, indicator of renal function, high blood level indicates poor kidney function, not reabsorbed into blood, almost entirely to urine
Emulsifies fats into small droplets, enters duodenum at papilla of vater, for lipid digestion, from liver
Organ for production of urine, located in retroperitoneal space, contains a cortex, medulla w/ pyramids to a pelvis to ureter
Functional unit of kidney, afferent arteriole enters glomerulus, efferent surrounds proximal tubule and loop of Henle, capillary exchange and distal tubule to collecting duct
Source of aminopeptidase, carboxypeptidase, and dipeptidase to convert small proteins into amino acids
Nutrient easily filtered, reabsorbed strongly, none in normal urine, blood level unchanged across kidney
Hormone stimulated by chime in duodenum, causes buffer secretion by pancreas, neutralizes acid in duodenum, increase bile production at liver
Hormone stimulated by chime in duodenum, goes to wall of intestine, secretion of intestinal enzymes, dilate blood vessels to increase absorption of nutrients
Source of trypsin, chymotrypsin, and carboxypeptidase to break down small proteins into smaller proteins
3rd part of small intestine, 12 feet, loops of bowel, ends at ileocecal valve
Pigment involved in the catabolism of red blood cells, causes yellow pigment of urine and brown color of feces, secreted from liver through bile duct to intestine
Phase of Gastric Mobility, local and hormonal influence, pyloric sphincter to slow emptying, stimulated by nutrients into duodenum, inhibits gastrin
Subunit of small intestine, projects into lumen, core of connective tissue, surface is columnar cells w/ cilia, water soluble nutrients absorbed into capillaries to hepatic portal
HintAnswer
Lymphatic vessel in villi, transports lipids in form of chylomicrons, flows into lymph to left subclavian vein
Produced by parietal cells of stomach, sterilizes contents and manipulates metals for absorption
Blood test for renal health, waste product from digestion of proteins
Phase of Gastric Mobility, stimulated by smell, taste,and sight of food, CNS integration by vagus nerve, acid, mucus, pepsin secretion
Site of passive reabsorption for about 70% of filtered volume
Nutrient easily filtered, increased absorption means more H2O reterntion, more potassium secretion
Nutrient easily filtered, almost complete reabsorption, controlled by aldosterone, secreted when sodium is reabsorbed
Salivary gland, inframandibular bilaterally, 70% of saliva
Enzyme produced by chief cells of gastric glands, breaks proteins into smaller proteins to amino acids
Functional unit of liver, cords of hepatocytes, sinusoids from hepatic artery, capillaries from portal vein, venous drainage to hepatic veins
Tubular system b/w proximal and distal convoluted tubules, surrounded by peritubular cavity, descending is permeable to water, ascending is not for reabsorption of Na,K,Cl
Opening of common bile duct and pancreatic duct to duodenal wall
Nutrient easily filtered, from amino acid breakdown, low blood level, excreted into urine
Content of stomach
Salivary gland, beneath tongue, 5% of saliva, greatest producer of mucus, least producer of amylase
Produced by small intestine, converts sucrose into a glucose and a fructose
Hormone, controls blood flow to kidney, from adrenal cortex, increases blood volume, Na reabsorption, K secretion, decreased flow to kidney causes process to release aldosterone
Beginning of large intestine, holds contents for hours, absorbs water in feces
Movement of fluid from tubules to blood, substances are filtered easily than move back to blood with no change in blood level across kidney
Movement from blood in peritubular capillary to tubule past glomerulus
Produced by small intestine, converts maltose into 2 glucose
Anatomical component of kidney, within medulla, tapers to papilla, urine emerges from papilla to calyx system to pelvis of ureter
HintAnswer
Stores bile until it is needed, stimulated by cholecystokinin to release bile, empties into cystic duct then into common bile duct
Produced by pancreas, into duodenum at ampulla, converts triglycerides into fatty acids and glycerol
Interacting space between blood and tubular fluid, site of filtration, afferent arteriole enters and efferent leaves, situated inside Bowman's capsule of nephron
Contains glucose and galactose
Movement from blood in glomerulus to Bowman's capsule, Bp in capillary pushes blood out, osmotic pressure in capillaries, more fluid than turned into urine
Hormone released by cells of duodenum, stimulated by chime entering duodenum, increases stomach acids and movement
Enzyme, cleaves carbohydrates into smaller carbohydrates and into saccharides, produced by salivary ducts and acts in stomach, also pancreas
Produced by pancreas, neutralizes acid in duodenum, from duct cells, enters duodenum at ampulla
Hormone stimulated by chime in duodenum (lipids), increase all enzyme secretion, enhances digestion, contracts gall bladder and relaxes ducts
Nervous Inhibits digestion
Content of large intestine
Content of small intestine
Salivary gland, 25% of saliva, right and left buccal region, produces amylase
Phase of Gastric Mobility, wall receptors, local integration within wall, activates muscle, food entering duodenum stimulates gastrin, gastrin increases movements and secretion
First part of small intestine, retroperitoneal, Papilla of Vater, Artery: Celiac trunk, Vein: Superior mesenteric to portal vein
Nervous Stimulates digestion
Network of capillaries surrounding tubular system of nephron, creates barrier-tubular epithelium->basement membrane->interstitial space->capillary endothelium
Hormone from pituitary gland, targets collecting tubule, increases permeability of membrane for water, increases when dehydrated to increase reabsorption of water
Flexure between ascending and transverse colon, upper right quadrant
Produced by small intestine, converts lactose into glucose and galactose

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Created Apr 14, 2019ReportNominate
Tags:Anatomy Quiz, digestive, system

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