Music Quiz / Rock 'n' Roll Hall of Fame - 1987

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Can you name the people/bands inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987?

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Induction CategoryInducteeHint
Non-PerformerCo-founded _____ Records, the pre-eminent blues label of the Fifties and Sixties, with his brother Phil. Originally, they were Polish immigrants whose family settled in Chicago and formed Aristocrat Records in 1947. The _____ label followed two years later, and with it a mind-boggling flood of blues, R&B and rock and roll talent that included Muddy Waters, Howlin’ Wolf, Bo Diddley, Chuck Berry, Willie Dixon, Etta James and Little Walter.
PerformerFrom 1956 to 1961, released a string of classic singles that reflected the life of the American teenager with keen wit and hot, rocking harmonies. Invariably those songs were written, produced and arranged by the duo of Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller. The union of a black vocal group with two Jewish songwriters was one of the most propitious in rock history. Performed songs such as 'Yakety Yak' and 'Charlie Brown'.
PerformerThough only twenty-one when he died, he left a lasting mark as a rock and roll pioneer. He zeroed in on teenage angst and desire with such classics as “C’mon Everybody,” “Something Else,” “Twenty Flight Rock” and “Summertime Blues.” A flashy stage dresser with a tough-sounding voice, He epitomized the sound and the stance of the Fifties rebel rocker. Also considered a virtuoso guitarist.
PerformerHe broke new ground in rock and roll’s formative years with his unique guitar work, indelible African rhythms, inventive songwriting, and larger-than-life persona. He will forever be known for popularizing one of the foundational rhythms of rock and roll: the __ _______ beat. He employed it in his self-titled song, “__ _______,” as well as other primal rockers like “Mona.” This African-based 4/4 rhythm pattern has been a distinctive and recurring element in rock and roll through the decades. It can be heard on Buddy Holly’s “Not Fade Away”, Johnny Otis’s “Willie and the Hand Jive,” and the Strangeloves’ “I Want Candy,”
Non-PerformerOne of the most significant figures in the modern recording industry, he co-founded Atlantic Records in 1947 with partner Herb Abramson. The son of a career diplomat and a lifelong jazz and blues aficionado - under his hand, Atlantic became the nation’s premier rhythm & blues label in a few short years.
PerformerShe is the undisputed “Queen of Soul” and the first woman inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. She is a singer of great passion and control whose finest recordings, including 'Think' and her cover of Otis Redding's 'Respect' define the term soul music in all its deep, expressive glory.
PerformerThis man made a huge contribution to soul music in general and the Motown sound in particular. As one of Motown’s renaissance men, he could do it all. He wrote, produced and played a variety of instruments. Most of all, he possessed a classic R&B voice that was edged with grit yet tempered with sweetness. Most well known hits include 'I Heart It Through the Grapevine', 'What's Goin' On', and 'Sexual Healing'. He was tragically shot to death by his father in 1984.
PerformerIn 1954 this bandleader of 'His Comets' recorded “Rock Around the Clock,” a rock and roll anthem that stayed at Number One for eight weeks and sold an estimated twenty-five million copies worldwide. He has been called “the father of rock and roll” and “rock ‘n’ roll’s first star.” He spent much of the Seventies in failing health, gave his last performance in 1980 and died of a heart attack in 1981. He was 55 years old.
Non-PerformerThese two (Both Names) wrote, arranged and produced countless recordings by the above-mentioned artists and others, Leiber and Stoller advanced rock and roll to new heights of wit and musical sophistication. They were particularly influential during rock and roll’s first decade, beginning with the original recording of “Hound Dog” in 1953 and continuing through to the Drifters’ “On Broadway” in 1963. They brought a range of stylistic flavor to their story songs, which ranged from wisecracking, finger-popping hipster tunes to quieter love ballads. They even made a foray into country & western at Elvis Presley’s request, penning “Just Tell Her Jim Said Hello.” About all that their songs had in common was a fundamental grounding in rhythm & blues.
Early InfluenceHe has been called “the Father of Rhythm & Blues” and “the Grandfather of Rock ‘n’ Roll.” In the Forties, he pioneered a wild - and wildly popular - amalgam of jazz and blues. The swinging shuffle rhythms played by this singer/saxophonist and his Tympany Five got called “jump blues” or “jumpin’ jive,” and it served as a forerunner of rhythm & blues and rock and roll. In fact, it has been plausibly argued that “Saturday Night Fish Fry,” is worthy of consideration as the first rock and roll record.
PerformerBest known as the “King of the Blues” and “Ambassador of the Blues,” he’s reigned across the decades as the genre’s most recognizable and influential artist. His half-century of success owes much to his hard work as a touring musician who consistently logged between 200 and 300 shows a year. Through it all he’s remained faithful to the blues while keeping abreast of contemporary trends and deftly incorporating other favored forms - jazz and pop, for instance - into his musical overview. Much like such colleagues and contemporaries, he managed to change with the changing times while adhering to his blues roots. Well known for songs such as 'The Thrill is Gone' and 'Three O'Clock Blues'.
PerformerThis lesser known inductee possessed a unique vocal instrument, a lively high tenor that captured the promise and fervor of the teenage Fifties. He was invited to join singer Billy Ward’s vocal group, the Dominoes, after turning heads with his performance of Lonnie Johnson’s “Tomorrow Night” in an amateur show at Harlem’s Apollo Theatre. He, along with his group, the Drifters cut a string of hugely popular R&B hits, including “Such a Night,” “Money Honey” (the biggest R&B hit of 1954), “Honey Love” and a timeless doo-wop version of “White Christmas.”
PerformerHe was a handsome Fifties teen idol who wore his hair in a fashionable flat-top with a ducktail. For his musical debut, he did an Elvis Presley impersonation on Ozzie and Harriet and thereafter, became a self-contained rock and roller in his own right. Known for songs such as 'I'm Walkin'' and 'Poor Little Fool', this rocker dropped the 'y' from his name in 1961, in order to have a name to match his maturing sex appeal, since his musical talent and looks combo, debatabely, has only been outdone by the likes of Elvis Presley.
PerformerThis melancholic legendary performer possessed one of the great rock and roll voices: a forceful, operatic bel canto tenor capable of dynamic crescendos. He sang heartbroken ballads and bluesy rockers alike, running up a formidable hit streak in the early Sixties. From the release of “Only the Lonely” in 1960 to “Oh! Pretty Woman,” a span of four years, he cracked the Top Ten nine times. His most memorable performances were lovelorn melodramas, such as “Crying” and “It’s Over,” in which he emoted in a brooding, tremulous voice.
PerformerThis Rockabilly pioneer lent a helping hand when the two currents that defined Southern music at mid-century - rhythm & blues and country & western - came together as rock and roll. He was a native Tennessean who’d grown up in a sharecropping family near Tiptonville, a farming community in Lake County, north of Memphis. In December 1955, he recorded a song of his that would quickly become the signature song of the rockabilly genre: “Blue Suede Shoes.”
PerformerSave for founder Berry Gordy, no single figure has been more closely allied with the Detroit-based recording empire known as Motown than this man. In addition to leading the Miracles, he served as a Motown producer, songwriter, talent scout and Gordy’s most trusted confidant and right-hand man. Best known for songs such as 'Ooo Baby Baby' and 'The Tracks of My Tears', this man's lead vocals exhibit the essence of the softer side of 60's soul.
PerformerThis 'Big' man was the brawny-voiced “Boss of the Blues.” He was among the first to mix R&B with boogie-woogie, resulting in jump blues - a style that presaged the birth of rock and roll. Indeed, his original recording of “Shake, Rattle and Roll,” cut for Atlantic Records in 1954, remains one of the cornerstones numbers of the rock and roll revolution. His lengthy career touched on most every significant development in popular music during this century, taking him from the big bands of the Swing Era to boogie-woogie, rhythm & blues, and rock and roll.
Early InfluencePioneered the electric guitar sound that helped create the blues and thus influenced all popular music that followed. He played one of the first electric guitars in the mid-‘30s, recording with it in 1939. His partly self-titled “_-____ Blues” and “Stormy Monday” both became blues classics, demonstrating his jazz-based blues style. His single-string solos influenced blues players like (formerly mentioned in quiz) and such rockers as Eric Clapton and Stevie Ray Vaughan. He continued to perform through the ‘70s, dying of a stroke in 1975 after suffering ulcer and alcoholism problems most of his life.
PerformerHe transformed the soul of the rural South into the sound of the city, electrifying the blues at a pivotal point in the early postwar period. His recorded legacy, particularly the wealth of sides he cut in the Fifties, is one of the great musical treasures of this century. Aside from Robert Johnson, no single figure is more important in the history and development of the blues than this performer, with songs such as 'I'm Your Hoochie Coochie Man' and 'Mannish Boy'.
Non-PerformerWith the proliferation of independent record labels in the 1950s came a new breed of hands-on music-industry entrepreneurs, now known to the industry as producers. Among the most influential and important of these was this man, at Atlantic Records. He joined Atlantic founders in 1953 and began producing the company’s major rhythm & blues artists at all-night recording sessions that, in hindsight, were historic in their scope and impact on popular music. His efforts at Atlantic helped bring black music to the masses - and in so doing built a significant and lasting bridge between the races.
Early InfluenceHe brought country music into the modern era, and his influence spilled over into the folk and rock arenas as well. Some of his more upbeat country and blues-flavored numbers, anticipated the playful abandon of rockabilly. More popular songs include 'Your Cheatin' Heart' and 'I'm So Lonesome I Could Cry'. However, after oddly closeafter recording 'I'll Never Get Out of This World Alive', problems with drugs and alcohol led to his premature death by heart attack at age 29 while en route to a show.
PerformerThey called him “Mr. Entertainment,” and indeed he was a gifted singer of considerable range and a charismatic showman who commanded a stage like few before or since. He possessed a natural tenor. He sang with the graceful control of Sam Cooke and moved with the frenzied dynamism of James Brown. With all the flair and finesse at his disposal, this legend routinely drove audiences to the brink of hysteria, with more popular songs such as 'Lonely Teardrops', 'To Be Loved', and '(Your Love Keeps Lifting Me) Higher and Higher'.

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