Geography Quiz / Geography Key Word Revision: Contrasting Coasts

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Can you guess the Geography key terms (Contrasting Coasts) based on their definitions?

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DefinitionKey Term
The movement of a wave onto the beach.
The movement of a wave retreating back to the sea, away from the beach.
The weathering of rock and the impacts of wind and rain.
More resistant rock which is harder to erode or weather, such as granite.
The way in which the rocks are arranged, both vertically and horizontally.
Layers of hard and soft rock which run vertically against the coastline, forming headlines and bays.
The down slope movement, by gravity, of soil and/or rock by the process of slumping, falling, sliding and flowing.
When areas of land are flooded by the sea.
Two rocks crash into each other and break down into smaller pieces.
Large cracks in rocks previously caused by tectonic movements.
Rocks are hurled against the cliff; they scour away like sandpaper.
Sheltered area of coastline made from soft rock.
The process of weather breaking down rock.
The 'dip' of a wave.
The highest part of a wave.
Wave which has a larger backwash than swash.
Outcrop of land and sea made from hard rock.
Sand and sediment which is attached to the coastline but sticks out at sea.
DefinitionKey Term
The process and plans applied to coastal areas by local authorities and agencies.
Placing sand and sediment in a certain place by a wave, erosion, transportation or humans.
An approach to environmental management that threats the whole area as an interrelated system.
The distance a wave travels before hitting the coastline.
Chemical weathering where seawater (acidic) slowly dissolved rock like chalk (alkaline).
Breaking down of rock and sediment.
A heavily managed area of a coastline, such as a sea wall or groyne.
A sustainable method of coastal management, managing the whole coastal area from the shoreline to several kilometres inland as one area.
An approach that allows natural processes to take their course without any intervention.
Wave which has a larger swash than backwash.
A detached column of rock located just offshore.
Layers of hard and soft rock which lay parallel against the coastline.
Process of sediment moving along the coastline.
Less resistant rock which is easily eroded or weathered, such as limestone.
A stack that has collapsed, leaving a small area of rock above sea-level.
The power of water/waves forced into cracks and forcing rocks apart.
The reorganisation of coastal defences that is often part of managed retreat.

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