Geography Quiz / Geography Key Word Revision: Contrasting Coasts

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Can you guess the Geography key terms (Contrasting Coasts) based on their definitions?

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DefinitionKey Term
Rocks are hurled against the cliff; they scour away like sandpaper.
The process and plans applied to coastal areas by local authorities and agencies.
Less resistant rock which is easily eroded or weathered, such as limestone.
An approach to environmental management that threats the whole area as an interrelated system.
The movement of a wave retreating back to the sea, away from the beach.
Outcrop of land and sea made from hard rock.
Process of sediment moving along the coastline.
Large cracks in rocks previously caused by tectonic movements.
Placing sand and sediment in a certain place by a wave, erosion, transportation or humans.
A stack that has collapsed, leaving a small area of rock above sea-level.
Layers of hard and soft rock which lay parallel against the coastline.
Two rocks crash into each other and break down into smaller pieces.
The down slope movement, by gravity, of soil and/or rock by the process of slumping, falling, sliding and flowing.
The process of weather breaking down rock.
Layers of hard and soft rock which run vertically against the coastline, forming headlines and bays.
An approach that allows natural processes to take their course without any intervention.
Breaking down of rock and sediment.
The reorganisation of coastal defences that is often part of managed retreat.
DefinitionKey Term
A sustainable method of coastal management, managing the whole coastal area from the shoreline to several kilometres inland as one area.
A heavily managed area of a coastline, such as a sea wall or groyne.
The distance a wave travels before hitting the coastline.
The highest part of a wave.
When areas of land are flooded by the sea.
Sand and sediment which is attached to the coastline but sticks out at sea.
A detached column of rock located just offshore.
The power of water/waves forced into cracks and forcing rocks apart.
The weathering of rock and the impacts of wind and rain.
Wave which has a larger swash than backwash.
More resistant rock which is harder to erode or weather, such as granite.
Wave which has a larger backwash than swash.
The 'dip' of a wave.
The movement of a wave onto the beach.
The way in which the rocks are arranged, both vertically and horizontally.
Sheltered area of coastline made from soft rock.
Chemical weathering where seawater (acidic) slowly dissolved rock like chalk (alkaline).

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