Geography Quiz / Geography Key Word Revision: Contrasting Coasts

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Can you guess the Geography key terms (Contrasting Coasts) based on their definitions?

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DefinitionKey Term
The 'dip' of a wave.
Outcrop of land and sea made from hard rock.
Rocks are hurled against the cliff; they scour away like sandpaper.
Process of sediment moving along the coastline.
An approach that allows natural processes to take their course without any intervention.
Less resistant rock which is easily eroded or weathered, such as limestone.
Sheltered area of coastline made from soft rock.
The movement of a wave retreating back to the sea, away from the beach.
Large cracks in rocks previously caused by tectonic movements.
The reorganisation of coastal defences that is often part of managed retreat.
The distance a wave travels before hitting the coastline.
An approach to environmental management that threats the whole area as an interrelated system.
Breaking down of rock and sediment.
Wave which has a larger backwash than swash.
The weathering of rock and the impacts of wind and rain.
A sustainable method of coastal management, managing the whole coastal area from the shoreline to several kilometres inland as one area.
The way in which the rocks are arranged, both vertically and horizontally.
The power of water/waves forced into cracks and forcing rocks apart.
DefinitionKey Term
When areas of land are flooded by the sea.
Placing sand and sediment in a certain place by a wave, erosion, transportation or humans.
A heavily managed area of a coastline, such as a sea wall or groyne.
Sand and sediment which is attached to the coastline but sticks out at sea.
A stack that has collapsed, leaving a small area of rock above sea-level.
The process and plans applied to coastal areas by local authorities and agencies.
A detached column of rock located just offshore.
The process of weather breaking down rock.
Wave which has a larger swash than backwash.
The movement of a wave onto the beach.
Two rocks crash into each other and break down into smaller pieces.
Layers of hard and soft rock which run vertically against the coastline, forming headlines and bays.
The highest part of a wave.
Layers of hard and soft rock which lay parallel against the coastline.
More resistant rock which is harder to erode or weather, such as granite.
Chemical weathering where seawater (acidic) slowly dissolved rock like chalk (alkaline).
The down slope movement, by gravity, of soil and/or rock by the process of slumping, falling, sliding and flowing.

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