Language Quiz / Language Patterns Definitions (WilMa)

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Can you name the words and terms for Language Patterns by their definitions?

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DefinitionWord/Term
Cover term for a preposition (which comes before its object) or a postposition (which comes after its object).
The case of possessors.
A grammatical pattern in a language for shifting the point of view or perspective of a sentence from, for example, the subject to the direct object.
A grammatical category containing actions.
When a lexical class is one that has many (possibly infinitely many) members, it is:
Pattern used to denote an event without any implication of an instigator.
A term used for a word (possibly a part of speech) that functions to equate a subject noun phrase with a predicate noun phrase.
A word formed from two roots or words: blackbird, toy gun, life-saver.
The case of instruments.
Grammatical categories of arguments that are useful in describing the grammar of a language (such as 'subject.')
Mood for questions:
The case of subjects.
A verb that combines with other verbs and is used grammatically to add a benefactive or an instrument, or to express direction or position, etc.
A noun phrase (generally) that receives an interpretation (role) with regard to a verb.
A phrase in some languages consisting of the verb and its objects (but in some language this word used for a part of speech that is broader than a verb.)
Type of language where morphemes that combine several grammatical concepts:
The form of a noun phrase (or the elements within it) indicating the role of that noun phrase within a sentence.
A term generally used for the smallest element in a language that makes sense when you say it by itself and that can appear in different places within a sentence.
A morpheme that classifies words into grammatical categories based on shape, function, etc.
How a language relates arguments to their governing heads.
A type of verb compounding in which a noun and a verb combine.
A grammatical pattern in a language for locating a situation in time.
Type of language that lacks morphology:
Type of clause that functions as an argument: 'She said [that she was going to the party].'
The three common types of argument tracking:
Mood for commands:
Mood used to express uncertainty:
Type of clause that is interpreted as modifying a noun: 'the student [that Mary saw last week].'
A root or affix that has to occur with another morpheme in the same word.
DefinitionWord/Term
Type of language where morphemes are easily separable:
A category of word or root in a language that is useful in describing its grammar.
When the grammatical role of an argument is marked on the predicate.
The case of indirect objects.
An affix that is placed inside of another morpheme.
Mood for 'let's [do something]':
A term usually intended as a part of speech for a class of little words that doesn't match traditional categories like preposition, noun, etc.
Verbs that require or imply a direct object are:
The case of direct objects.
Process of forming nouns that refer to a person who performs the activity (e.g., bake > baker).
A traditional term for a sentence-like unit that is embedded within another sentence.
Mood for statements:
A term used for a morpheme that is syntactically a word but phonologically an affix (i.e., dependent on another word).
Type of clause that is interpreted as modifying another clause: '[After she left], I decided to go to sleep.'
When the grammatical role of an argument in a clause is on the argument.
A term used in phonology for a process whereby syllabification applies across words.
The case of transitive subjects.
A root or affix that doesn't have to occur with another morpheme in the same word.
A verb form that indicates that a situation was caused to happen.
A grammatical system for signaling whether a situation is beginning, continuing, ending, repeating, etc.
A derivational process by which some part of speech (typically a verb, adjective, etc.) is turned into a noun.
When a lexical class contains a fixed membership (e.g., prepositions in English), it is:
Verbs that are complete without a direct object are:
A grammatical category containing things.
An affix on a verb used to add a benefactive object.
Type of language that has long words with several roots:
A grammatical pattern in a language for indicating the speech act function of a sentence.
A phenomenon whereby the form of one word requires a corresponding form in another.

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Created May 4, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:Definition Quiz, pattern

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