Language Quiz / Language Patterns Definitions (WilMa)

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Can you name the words and terms for Language Patterns by their definitions?

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DefinitionWord/Term
Type of clause that is interpreted as modifying a noun: 'the student [that Mary saw last week].'
Process of forming nouns that refer to a person who performs the activity (e.g., bake > baker).
A grammatical category containing things.
How a language relates arguments to their governing heads.
Grammatical categories of arguments that are useful in describing the grammar of a language (such as 'subject.')
An affix on a verb used to add a benefactive object.
The form of a noun phrase (or the elements within it) indicating the role of that noun phrase within a sentence.
A type of verb compounding in which a noun and a verb combine.
A term used in phonology for a process whereby syllabification applies across words.
A word formed from two roots or words: blackbird, toy gun, life-saver.
A term used for a word (possibly a part of speech) that functions to equate a subject noun phrase with a predicate noun phrase.
The three common types of argument tracking:
The case of direct objects.
The case of instruments.
A category of word or root in a language that is useful in describing its grammar.
Mood for commands:
A term used for a morpheme that is syntactically a word but phonologically an affix (i.e., dependent on another word).
Verbs that are complete without a direct object are:
A verb that combines with other verbs and is used grammatically to add a benefactive or an instrument, or to express direction or position, etc.
A traditional term for a sentence-like unit that is embedded within another sentence.
Type of clause that functions as an argument: 'She said [that she was going to the party].'
A grammatical category containing actions.
When a lexical class contains a fixed membership (e.g., prepositions in English), it is:
A grammatical pattern in a language for locating a situation in time.
A root or affix that has to occur with another morpheme in the same word.
Verbs that require or imply a direct object are:
Mood for statements:
Pattern used to denote an event without any implication of an instigator.
Cover term for a preposition (which comes before its object) or a postposition (which comes after its object).
DefinitionWord/Term
Mood used to express uncertainty:
The case of transitive subjects.
The case of possessors.
Type of clause that is interpreted as modifying another clause: '[After she left], I decided to go to sleep.'
A noun phrase (generally) that receives an interpretation (role) with regard to a verb.
When a lexical class is one that has many (possibly infinitely many) members, it is:
A term generally used for the smallest element in a language that makes sense when you say it by itself and that can appear in different places within a sentence.
Type of language where morphemes are easily separable:
Type of language where morphemes that combine several grammatical concepts:
A grammatical pattern in a language for shifting the point of view or perspective of a sentence from, for example, the subject to the direct object.
A derivational process by which some part of speech (typically a verb, adjective, etc.) is turned into a noun.
Type of language that has long words with several roots:
A term usually intended as a part of speech for a class of little words that doesn't match traditional categories like preposition, noun, etc.
When the grammatical role of an argument in a clause is on the argument.
A phrase in some languages consisting of the verb and its objects (but in some language this word used for a part of speech that is broader than a verb.)
A morpheme that classifies words into grammatical categories based on shape, function, etc.
The case of indirect objects.
Type of language that lacks morphology:
Mood for questions:
An affix that is placed inside of another morpheme.
When the grammatical role of an argument is marked on the predicate.
A root or affix that doesn't have to occur with another morpheme in the same word.
A verb form that indicates that a situation was caused to happen.
Mood for 'let's [do something]':
The case of subjects.
A grammatical system for signaling whether a situation is beginning, continuing, ending, repeating, etc.
A phenomenon whereby the form of one word requires a corresponding form in another.
A grammatical pattern in a language for indicating the speech act function of a sentence.

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